Henry John Stedman Cotton
Sir Henry John Stedman Cotton, KCSI (13 September 1845 – 22 October 1915) had a long career in the Indian Civil Service, during which he was sympathetic to Indian nationalism. After returning to England, he served as a Liberal Party Member of Parliament (MP) for Nottingham East from 1906 to January 1910.
Cotton joined the Indian Civil Service, arriving in India in 1867. His first posting was at Midnapore, where his immediate superior was William James Herschel, then the local magistrate. His eldest son H. E. A. Cotton was born in that city in 1868. He later served in Chuadanga, where he witnessed the great flood of 1871. In 1872 he was posted to Calcutta, and in 1873 he was appointed Assistant Secretary to the Bengal Government by Sir George Campbell, and later worked under Sir Richard Temple. In 1878 he became magistrate and collector at Chittagong; in 1880 he became Senior Secretary to the Board of Revenue in Bengal. He later became Revenue Secretary to Government, Financial and Municipal Secretary, and then a member of the Bengal Legislative Council.
Cotton supported Indian Home Rule and got into serious trouble when he advocated the cause in his 1885 book New India, or India in Transition (revised edition 1907). In 1904, he served as President of Indian National Congress, one of the few non-Indians to do so. As such, he led the opposition to Curzon's invasion of Tibet and partition of Bengal.
In 1911 he published his memoirs, Indian and Home Memories.
Through his great-grandfather Joseph Cotton (1746–1825), Henry John Stedman Cotton was a first cousin once removed of both the judge Henry Cotton (his godfather, who he was named after) and of the African explorer William Cotton Oswell.
- "Historical list of MPs: constituencies beginning with "N", part 3". Leigh Rayment's House of Commons pages. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
- Sir Henry Cotton (1911). Indian & Home Memories. London: T. Fisher Unwin. Retrieved 2011-02-20.
- "Indian National Congress Session and its President". AICC, New Delhi. Archived from the original on 2009-04-08. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
- "Henry John Stedman Cotton 1845 - 1915". Halhed genealogy & family trees. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
- "Relationship Calculator: Henry John Stedman Cotton relationship to Henry Cotton". Halhed genealogy & family trees. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
- "Relationship Calculator: Henry John Stedman Cotton relationship to William Cotton Oswell". Halhed genealogy & family trees. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Edward Bond
William Erskine Ward
|Chief Commissioner of Assam
Sir Joseph Bampfylde Fuller
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Nottingham East
1906 – January 1910
James Archibald Morrison