|Member of Rajya Sabha from Maharashtra|
|Chief Minister of Maharashtra|
18 July 1978 – 17 February 1980
|Preceded by||Vasantdada Patil|
|Succeeded by||President's Rule|
26 June 1988 – 25 June 1991
|Preceded by||Shankarrao Chavan|
|Succeeded by||Sudhakarrao Naik|
6 March 1993 – 14 March 1995
|Preceded by||Sudhakarrao Naik|
|Succeeded by||Manohar Joshi|
|Minister of Agriculture|
|Preceded by||Rajnath Singh|
|Succeeded by||Radha Mohan Singh|
|Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution|
|Preceded by||Sharad Yadav|
|Succeeded by||K.V. Thomas|
|Presidents Bharat Scouts and Guides|
|Preceded by||Rameshwar Thakur|
|Succeeded by||Rameshwar Thakur|
|President of the International Cricket Council|
|Preceded by||David Morgan|
|Succeeded by||Alan Isaac|
|Member of the Indian Parliament
|Preceded by||Ajit Pawar|
|Succeeded by||Supriya Sule|
12 December 1940 |
|Political party||Indian National Congress (1967–1978)
Congress (S) (1978-1987)
Indian National Congress (1987–1999)
Nationalist Congress Party (1999–present)
|Children||1 daughter – Supriya Sule|
|As of 29 October, 2010
Sharad Govindrao Pawar (Marathi: शरद गोविंदराव पवार; born 12 December 1940) is an Indian politician who serves as the president of the Nationalist Congress Party which he founded in 1999, after separating from the Indian National Congress. He previously served as the Chief Minister of Maharashtra on three separate occasions and held the posts of Minister of Defence and Minister of Agriculture in the Government of India. Pawar hails from the town of Baramati in the Pune district of Maharashtra. He is a member of the Rajya Sabha where he leads the NCP delegation. He holds a position of prominence in national politics as well as the regional politics of Maharashtra. Pawar also served as the Chairman of the Board of Control for Cricket in India from 2005 to 2008 and as the president of the International Cricket Council from 2010 to 2012.
- 1 Early life and family
- 2 Political career
- 3 Sports administration
- 4 Links with criminals
- 5 Criticism and allegations of corruption
- 5.1 Stamp-paper scam connection controversy
- 5.2 Controversial wheat imports
- 5.3 Land allotment
- 5.4 IPL exemption from tax controversy
- 5.5 Controversy faced after assets declaration
- 5.6 Nira Radia's allegations
- 5.7 Criticism of agricultural produce prices
- 5.8 Lavasa
- 5.9 Comments on the 2010 Pune bombing
- 5.10 Farmer suicides
- 5.11 Promotion of endosulfan
- 6 Slapping incident
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links
Early life and family
Pawar was born to Govindrao Pawar who was employed in the Baramati Farmers' Cooperative (Sahakari Kharedi Vikri Sangh) and Shardabai Pawar who looked after the family farm at Katewadi, ten kilometres from Baramati. Pawar studied at Brihan Maharashtra College of Commerce (BMCC), University of Pune.
Pawar is married to Pratibha (nee Shinde). They have one daughter, Supriya who is married to Sadanand Sule. Supriya currently represents the Baramati constituency in the 15th Lok Sabha. Pawar's nephew, Ajit Pawar is also a prominent politician and serves as the Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra. Pratap Pawar, Sharad Pawar's younger brother, runs the influential Marathi daily, Sakal.
Sharad Pawar entered the Maharashtra legislative assembly for the first time in 1967 from Baramati, representing the undivided Congress Party. Yashwantrao Chavan was the political mentor of Sharad Pawar.
Pawar broke away from the Congress to form a coalition government with the Janata Party in 1978, becoming the Chief Minister of Maharashtra for the first time. This Progressive Democratic Front government was dismissed in February 1980, following Indira Gandhi's return to power at the Centre.
In the 1980 elections the Congress(I) party won the majority in state assembly and A.R. Antulay,took over as the chief minister of the state. Pawar took over the Presidency of his Congress(S) in 1983. For the first time, he won Lok Sabha election from Baramati parliamentary constituency in 1984. He also won state assembly elections of March 1985 from Baramati and preferred to continue in state politics for a while and resigned from the Lok Sabha. His party, the Indian Congress (Socialist) won 54 seats out of 288 in the state assembly and he became the leader of the opposition.
His returning to the Congress (I) in 1987 has been cited as a reason for the rise of the Shiv Sena at that time. Pawar had stated at the time, "the need to save the Congress Culture in Maharashtra", as his reason for returning to Congress. In June 1988, Prime Minister of India and Congress President Rajiv Gandhi decided to induct then Maharashtra Chief Minister Shankarrao Chavan into Union Cabinet as Finance Minister and Sharad Pawar was chosen to replace Chavan as chief minister. Sharad Pawar had the task of checking the rise of the Shiv Sena in state politics, which was a potential challenge to the dominance of Congress party in the state. In 1989 Lok Sabha elections, Congress party won 28 seats out of 48 in Maharashtra. In the state assembly elections of February 1990, the alliance between the Shiv Sena and the Bharatiya Janata Party posed a stiff challenge to the Congress. Congress fell short of an absolute majority in the state assembly, winning 141 seats out of 288. Sharad Pawar was sworn in as chief minister again on 4 March 1990 with the support of 12 independent or unaffiliated members of Maharashtra State Legislative Assembly (MLAs).
During the course of election campaign, former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated. There were reports in the media that Pawar's name was being considered for the Prime Minister's post along with those of P.V. Narasimha Rao and N.D. Tiwari. However the Congress Parliamentary Party elected P.V. Narasimha Rao as its leader and he was sworn in as Prime Minister on 21 June 1991. Rao decided to induct Pawar as Defence Minister. On 26 June 1991, Pawar took over as that portfolio, continuing till March 1993. After Pawar's successor in Maharashtra, Sudhakarrao Naik stepped down, Rao sent Pawar back as chief minister of the state.
"He was sworn in as chief minister for his fourth and most controversial term on 6 March 1993. Almost immediately, Mumbai, the financial capital of India and the state capital of Maharashtra, was rocked with series of bomb blasts on 12 March 1993."
The Deputy Commissioner of the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation, G R Khairnar made a series of accusations against Pawar for being involved in corruption and protecting the criminals. Though Khairnar could not produce any evidence in support of his claims, it inevitably affected Pawar's popularity. Notable social worker Anna Hazare started a fast unto death to demand expulsion of 12 officers of the Forest department of Government of Maharashtra, who had been accused of corruption. The opposition parties accused Pawar's government of trying to shield the corrupt officers. The 1994 Gowari stampede occurred at Nagpur during the Winter Session of Maharashtra State Assembly and killed 114 people. Nagpur Police were trying to disperse almost 50000 Gowari protesters using baton charge but it created panic and triggered stampede amongst protesters. Allegations were made that the mishap occurred because welfare minister Madhukarrao Pichad did not meet with the delegation of the Vanjara people in time. Though Pichad stepped down owing moral responsibility for the mishap, this incident was another setback to Sharad Pawar's government.
After 16 years of protest, government finally renamed the Marathwada University to Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University on 14 January 1994 (Namantar Andolan). Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University is expansion of name (Namvistar) rather than complete change of name (Namanatar).As a chief minister Mr Sharad Pawar announced few developments in the university departments.
The elections to the Vidhan Sabha were due to be held in 1995. The Shiv Sena and BJP combine was leading the Congress in the polls, and there was widespread rebellion in the Congress party. The Shiv Sena-BJP combine won 138 seats while Congress party retained only 80 seats in the state assembly. Sharad Pawar had to step down and Shiv Sena leader Manohar Joshi took over as chief minister on 14 March 1995. Till the Lok Sabha elections of 1996, Sharad Pawar served as the Leader of the Opposition in State Legislative Council. In the 1996 General elections, he won from the Baramati seat and has not returned to the State Assembly since.
1997 till date
In June 1997, he unsuccessfully challenged Sitaram Kesri for the post of Congress President. In the mid-term parliamentary elections of 1998, Sharad Pawar not only won from his constituency, Baramati but also led the Congress to an emphatic win in Maharashtra. His move to align with the Republican Party of India (Athvale) and Samajwadi Party for the elections in the state brought rich dividents and the Congress party and allies won 37 seats out of 48 in the state. Sharad Pawar served as Leader of Opposition in 12th Lok Sabha.
After 12th Lok Sabha was dissolved and elections to 13th Lok Sabha were due, Pawar, P.A. Sangma and Tariq Anwar demanded that the Congress Party needed to project someone born in India as the Prime Ministerial candidate and not the Italian-born Sonia Gandhi, who had entered party politics and replaced Kesri as Congress President. In June 1999, Pawar and Sangma founded the Nationalist Congress Party. His party had to align with the Congress party to form a coalition government in Maharashtra as neither party could win an absolute majority on its own in the 1999 assembly elections. Pawar, however, did not return to state politics and Vilasrao Deshmukh of the Congress was chosen as Chief Minister with Chagan Bhujbal representing the NCP as his deputy.
After the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, he joined the United Progressive Alliance government headed by Manmohan Singh as the Minister of Agriculture. In January 2012, he announced that he will not contest the 2014 Lok Sabha election in order to make way for a younger leadership. Pawar gave up the chairmanship of Empowered Group of Ministers on 2G, days after his appointment by the Prime Minister, fearing that his association with the decision making process would drag him into 2G Spectrum controversy.
- Mumbai Cricket Association
- Maharashtra Wrestling Association
- Maharashtra Kabbadi Association
- Maharashtra Kho Kho Association
- Maharastra Olympics Association
- Board of Control for Cricket in India President 2005–2008
- International Cricket Council Vice President
- International Cricket Council President
Pawar served as the president of Pune International Marathon Trust, which has hosted Pune International Marathon for last 22 years.
Links with criminals
In 1992–93, the then Maharashtra Chief Minister Sudhakarrao made a statement that the state leader of Indian National Congress party and erstwhile Chief Minister Sharad Pawar, had asked him to "go easy on Pappu Kalani", a well known criminal-turned-politician now. Shiv Sena Chief, Bal Thackeray, had later concurred with these allegations. Further, Sudhakarrao also alleged that it was possible that Kalani and Hitendra Thakur, another criminal-turned-politician from Virar, had been given tickets to contest election for Maharashtra State Legislature at the behest of Sharad Pawar who also put in a word for Naik with the police when the latter was arrested for his role in post-Babri Masjid Demolition riots in Mumbai.
Sharad Pawar is also alleged to have close links with the underworld don Dawood Ibrahim through Ibrahim's henchman Lakhan Singh based in the Middle East and close relationship with Shahid Balwa, also a suspect in the 2G spectrum scam. These allegations were strengthened by the revelation about Balwa's business partner, Vinod Goenka's controversial commercial project in Yerawada, Pune, being constructed on the same survey number as Pawar's family friend, Atul Chordia, had constructed the Panchshil Tech Park. Khadse alleged that it was Balwa who had applied for environmental clearance for the two projects, a charge that Chordia refuted. Coincidentally, Chordia's Panchshil Pvt Ltd has Pawar's daughter, Supriya Sule, and her husband Sadanand as investors. The state government's decision to hand over a 3-acre plot of the Yerawada police station for "re-development" to Balwa's construction was retracted following Balwa's arrest.
Sharad Pawar was also named qas a beneficiary in stamp paper scam by a convicted Indian criminal, Abdul Karim Telgi, during a narcoanalysis test
Criticism and allegations of corruption
Stamp-paper scam connection controversy
Abdul Karim Telgi cited Pawar's name in relation to the 600 billion rupee stamp-paper scam, during a narcoanalysis filmed by various Indian news channels, wherein he also mentioned Chhagan Bhujbal.
Controversial wheat imports
In 2007, the BJP asked for Pawar's resignation after alleging he was involved in a multi-crore scam involving wheat imports. In May 2007 a tender floated by the Food Corporation of India for procurement of wheat was cancelled when the lowest bid received was for 263 USD/ton. The government subsequently allowed private traders to purchase wheat directly from farmers that year resulting in a paucity of wheat to stock FCI granaries. By July 2007 the shortage at FCI was large enough to require import of wheat at a much higher price of 320–360 USD/ton. Taking advantage of this, traders who had domestically purchased wheat at 900 INR/ton earlier, were now offering the same to FCI at 1,300 INR/ton.
On 27 October 2007, the Bombay High Court served notices to institutions headed by Sharad Pawar, Ajit Pawar and Sadanand Sule (Sharad Pawar's son-in-law) along with a corresponding notice served to the Maharashtra Krishna Valley Development Corporation (MKVDC) on why special privileges were given to Pawar and his family. This was done in consideration of a Public Interest Litigation No. 148 of 2006, filed by Shamsunder Potare alleging that the land said allocations in Pune, made in 2002, were illegal. The institutions and properties mentioned include:
- Two 141.15-acre (0.5712 km2) plots given allotted to Vidya Pratishthan, an educational society headed by Sharad Pawar
- A 2-acre (8,100 m2) plot allotted to Anant Smriti Pratishthan, headed by Ajit Pawar, the Maharashtra state minister for irrigation and Sharad Pawar's nephew
- A 130,000 square metre (32.12 acre) plot allotted to Lavasa Corporation, owned by Sadanand Sule, Sharad Pawar's son-in-law at the time. He handed over his stake in 2006.
- A 1-acre (4,000 m2) plot allotted to Shivajinagar Agriculture College
- A 3-acre (12,000 m2) plot allotted to Sharadchandraji Scout and Guide Training Institute
These allocations were made allegedly under NCP leader and minister Ramraje Naik Nimbalkar who was in charge of MKVDC at the time. Sharad Pawar was served a contempt of court notice on 1 May 2008 in connection with this case for issuing statements to the press even though the matter was subjudice at the time, that was later rejected by the court. Also in connection with the case, the respondents were directed not to create third-party interests in the property under dispute and to undertake any developments at their own risk.
IPL exemption from tax controversy
In 2010, In case of IPL exemption from tax, Shiv Sena MLA Subhash Desai had alleged that state cabinet decided in January this year to impose the tax, before this year's IPL season started, but the decision was not implemented because of NCP chief Sharad Pawar's association with BCCI. Bombay High Court on August 2010 said there was "nothing on record" to show that the Union Minister influenced the Maharashtra government's decision to exempt Indian Premier League matches from entertainment tax.
Controversy faced after assets declaration
In 2011, Sharad Pawar declared his assets to be worth 120 million as part of a mandatory disclosure, but his critics claimed that his wealth far exceeded the stated amount. In 2010, it was alleged that the Pawar family indirectly held a 16% stake in the City Corporation, which had bid 11.76 billion for the IPL Pune franchise. Pawar and his family denied the allegations, but the IPL bidder's board resolution contradicted their claims.
Nira Radia's allegations
In 2011, under investigation of 2G spectrum scam Corporate Nira Radia has told the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) that Union agriculture minister Sharad Pawar may be controlling the controversial DB Realty, media reports said on Thursday. According to the reports, she also told the investigative agency that he may have spoken with former telecom minister A Raja about the allocation of spectrum and licence to Swan Telecom. Radia also said that she had no documentary proof to back up her allegation. Pawar has denied any link with former DB managing director Shahid Balwa who is now in CBI custody.
Criticism of agricultural produce prices
As the Cabinet Minister for Agriculture, Pawar was consistently accused of being incapable of handling the extreme hike in prices of agricultural produce:
- Wheat import in 2007 – Bombay High Court issued notices to Union agriculture minister Sharad Pawar, questioning the decision to import defective red wheat and to submit details of procurement of the crop from different states and the exact process of importing it.
- Sugar prices in 2009 – Opposition parties, including the BJP and the CPI(M) accused Sharad Pawar of engineering a steep rise in the price of sugar to the advantage of hoarders and importers.
- Onion prices in 2010–11 – The opposition have accused him to be responsible on the same issue.
Sharad Pawar is alleged to have demanded compensation for allowing Lavasa to be constructed. When Lavasa Corporation was receiving necessary clearances from the government of Maharashtra, relatives of Pawar had part-ownership of the company developing the project. Pawar's daughter and son-in-law had more than 20% ownership between 2002 and 2004, and they later sold their stakes. A nephew of his was chairman of Maharashtra Krishna Valley Development Corporation (MKVDC) when the MKVDC signed off on lease agreements for Lavasa and allowed it to store water and build dams.
Comments on the 2010 Pune bombing
After the 2010 Pune bombing of German Bakery, Sharad Pawar appeared to take the incident lightly, as he said to the reporters "It is not alright to arrive at a conclusion that the entire Pune city has been targeted. The place where the blast took place is an isolated area" adding "when I was Chief Minister, Mumbai saw 11 simultaneous blasts but everything returned to normal soon."
During his tenure as Minister of Agriculture, there have been farmer suicides in excess of 15,000 per year, totalling over 200,000 since 1997. Sharad Pawar has stated on record that he believes that the rate of farmer suicide in India is a 'normal thing'. However he reaffirms that he is taking the necessary steps to reduce the numbers.
Promotion of endosulfan
Even though endosulfan has been banned, India is the only one country which is against global banning of endosulfan. In spite of its known negative health effects, Pawar made a remark that endosulfan is not yet proved dangerous. This remark prompted activist Vandana Shiva to call him a corrupt minister.
||This section may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may only interest a specific audience. (May 2014)|
Pawar was slapped by a youth named Harvinder Singh at the New Delhi Municipal Corporation centre while leaving the premises after attending a literary function on 24 November 2011. The attacker, who previously is said to have assaulted former telecom minister Sukh Ram, was later arrested.
All leading political parties in India condemned the attack. Some politicians argued that violence should not be used as a means of raising concern. The youth who slapped Pawar was highly praised on YouTube by common people, however politicians argued that violence should not be used as a means of raising concern. There were also several fan pages created on Facebook. There were parallels drawn with revolutionary and martyr Bhagat Singh, and pages advocating the shaming of more corrupt politicians.India Today reported that the opinion of its online readers was in favour of further shaming of corrupt people holding public office. There was also widespread criticism of the NCP's call for a bandh. DNA India's readers also praised the attack on Sharad Pawar 
The Times of India reported that Harvinder has been attacked multiple times, since being released from police custody once on 15 January and then again on 25 February.
- First Sharad Pawar ministry
- Ajit Pawar, Dy. Chief Minister of Maharashtra and MLA, his nephew.
- Supriya Sule, his daughter, MP Lok Sabha
- Indian Sharad Pawar becomes new ICC president: BBC
- Sharad Pawar – A Short BIO by MNS. Manase.org. Retrieved on 30 July 2011.
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- "Gandhi". The Deseret News. 22 May 1991. Retrieved 5 April 2009.
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- Damle, J. S. (2001). Beyond Economic Development: A Case Study of Marathwada, Mittal Publications, pp. 140–146
- Namantar Andolan
-  NCP chief Sharad Pawar to make way for GenNext in 2014
- "Pawar quits as chairman of telecom EGoM". 3 July 2012.
- International Cricket Council – ICC Events, ICC Cricket Rankings, Live Cricket Scores, ODI Fantasy League, Test Predictor. Icc-cricket.yahoo.com (3 July 1951). Retrieved on 30 July 2011.
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- BJP seeks Pawar's resignation The Pioneer – 13 July 2007.
- Wheat import scandalous: BJP. The Hindu. 13 July 2007.
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- Times of India (1 May 2008). "Notice to Sharad Pawar for contempt". Times of India. Retrieved 22 February 2009.
- Tax exemptions for rich costs govt Rs 4.6L cr
- No proof to show Pawar influenced IPL exemption from tax: HC
- India's Most Hated Politicians: Sharad Pawar, Rediff.com, 7 December 2011.
- Abhay Vaidya & Partha Sarathi Biswas. Sharad Pawar fooled all with Rs12 crore assets disclosure. DNA, 14 September 2011.
- IPL bidder's January 31 board resolution contradicts Pawar & Sule's claims. The Times of India, 2010.
- Pawar & family get entangled in IPL mess, IBNLive 25 June 2010.
- IPL scam most serious blow to Sharad Pawar’s power, credibility, DNA, 7 June 2010.
-  Sharad Pawar controlls [sic] DB Realty: Niira Radia to CBI, Hindustan Times 14 April 2011.
- "Wheat scam notice to Pawar". The Telegraph. 29 November 2007. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
- Joshi, Sandeep (7 August 2009). "Sugar scam brewing, says Brinda Karat". The Hindu (Chennai, India). Retrieved 2 February 2011.
- BJP demands Sharad Pawar's resignation, CBI probe into 'scams'. Dnaindia.com (24 January 2010). Retrieved on 30 July 2011.
- Sharad Pawar's, Ajit Pawar's and Supriya Sule's names also prominently figure in the multi-crore Lavasa land scam. Downtoearth.org.in (15 April 2011). Retrieved on 30 July 2011.
- "Medha Patkar slams Pawar over alleged involvement in Lavasa project". Indian Express (Aurangabad). 22 December 2010.
- Vaidya, Abhay (26 December 2010). "Lavasa trail reinforces the Sharad Pawar connection & IPL link". Pune: DNA. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
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- "Not alright to say entire Pune targeted, says Pawar". India Today, Headlines Today Bureau. 13 February 2010.
- Every 12 hours, one farmer commits suicide in India. Indiatribune.com (2010-11-06). Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
- Farmer suicide is a normal thing: Pawar - IBNLive. Ibnlive.in.com. Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
- "Tamil Nadu News: India should join consensus on Endosulfan ban: Vandana Shiva". The Hindu. 18 April 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
- "Indian Agrarian Crisis – Ban Endosulfan". Agrariancrisis.in. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
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- "Sharad Pawar assaulted by youth outside NDMC auditorimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics/nation/sharad-pawar-assaulted-by-youth-outside-ndmc-auditorium/articleshow/10855298.cms". Economic Times. 24 November 2011.
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- All corrupt politicians should be slapped. Facebook. Retrieved on 4 December 2011.
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- Profile at BBC News
- Profile at Govt. of India website
- Sharad Pawar in Jalgaon Jain Irrigation
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sharad Pawar.|
|Minister of Agriculture||Incumbent|
|Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution||Succeeded by
K. V. Thomas
|Chief Minister of Maharashtra
18 July 1978 – 17 February 1980
A R Antule
|Chief Minister of Maharashtra
26 June 1988 – 25 June 1991
|Chief Minister of Maharashtra
6 March 1993 – 14 March 1995
|Presidents of the Bharat Scouts and Guides