History of Animals

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History of Animals (Greek: Περὶ τὰ Ζῷα Ἱστορίαι "Inquiries on Animals"; Latin: Historia Animālium "History of Animals") is a zoological natural history text by Aristotle.


  • Book I The grouping of animals and the parts of the human body.
  • Book II The different parts of red-blooded animals.
  • Book III The internal organs, including generative system, veins, sinews, bone etc.
  • Book IV Animals without blood (non-vertebrates) - cephalopods, crustaceans, etc. In ch. 8, the sense organs of all animals.
  • Book V Reproduction, spontaneous and sexual of non-vertebrates.
  • Book VI Reproduction of birds, fish and quadrupeds.
  • Book VII Reproduction of man.
  • Book VIII The character and habits of animals, food, migration, health, diseases and the influence of climate.
  • Book IX The relations of animals to each other, means of procuring food.

A Book X is included in some versions, dealing with the causes of barrenness in women, but is generally regarded as not being by Aristotle.

Arabic translation[edit]

The Arabic translation of Historia Animalium protacio comprises treatises 1-10 of the Kitāb al-Hayawān (The Book of Animals). It was known to the Arab philosopher Al-Kindī (d. 850) and was commented on by Avicenna.

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