The Hrazdan from below Proshian
|Source elevation||1097 m|
|Mouth elevation||826 m|
|Avg. discharge||17.9 m3/s (632 cu ft/s)|
|Basin area||2560 km2 (988 sq mi)|
The Hrazdan (Armenian: Հրազդան) is a major river of Armenia. It starts at the northwest extremity of Lake Sevan and flows south through the Province of Kotayk and Armenia's capital, Yerevan. It then joins the Aras River along the border with Turkey. A hydro-electric plant is on the Hrazdan River. The Hrazdan River is one of Armenia's most important rivers because fishing operations and hydro-electric plants are along the banks of the river. Moreover, the river's waters are in demand to irrigate crops.
In the 7th century BC, King Rusa II of Urartu ordered a canal to be dug from the country of Aza (in the Ararat Plain) to Kuera (in the Valley of Kuarlini, now Ejmiatsin). That river was called the Ildarunia in Rusa II’s inscription. Ildarunia was a local ancient name for the Hrazdan River. The name Hrazdan was first mentioned by Movses Khorenatsi as "House of Varuzhanyants in the bank of the Hrazdan River" (Armenian: «Վարուժանյանց տուն՝ Հրազդան գետի ափին» (Varuzhanyants' tun՝ Hrazdan geti ap'in)). The Hrazdan River, like the Kasagh River, Metsamor River, Urtsadzor River, and Arpa River, flows to the Araks River. Anania Shirakatsi mentioned the same location of the Hrazdan River with the name Aspahen in his inscription as "Aspahen River that is Khozmor" (Armenian: «Ասպահեն գետ, այսինքն՝ Խոզմոր» (Aspahen get, aysinkn՝ Khozmor)). The Aspahen had two names: Metsamor and Khozmor. The suffix –mor means 'swamp'. During the era of Persian influence on Armenian, the river's name changed to Phrazdana. The cluster Phr- changed to Hr-, and so the name changed to Hrazdan. The Hrazdan also has a popular name Zangu, which in Armenian means ringing or resonant, because of its rapid and noisy flow.
- Ալբերտ Փարսադանյան: «Գիտելիքների Շտեմարան-2», էջ 207. «ՎՄՎ-ՊՐԻՆՏ», Երևան, 2005. (Albert P'arsadanyan: «Gitelikneri Shtemaran-2», ēj 207. «VMV-PRINT», Yerevan, 2005.)
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