Zvartnots International Airport
|Zvartnots International Airport
Զվարթնոց Միջազգային Օդակայան
Zvartnots International Airport
|Owner||General Department of Civil Aviation of Armenia|
|Operator||Armenia International Airports CJSC|
|Hub for||Air Armenia|
|Elevation AMSL||2,838 ft / 865 m|
Zvartnots International Airport (Armenian: Զվարթնոց Միջազգային Օդանավակայան Zvart'nots' Mijazgayin Odanavakayan) (IATA: EVN, ICAO: UDYZ) is located near Zvartnots, 12 km (7.5 mi) west of Yerevan, the capital city of Armenia. The airport was built in 1971. It is the busiest airport in Armenia and the second busiest of the Caucasus after Heydar Aliyev International Airport in Baku. An open architectural design competition was held in 1970. The first prize was awarded to a design team that included architects M. Khachikyan, A. Tarkhanyan, S. Qalashyan, L. Cherkezyan, and structural engineer M. Baghdasaryan. Later the project was implemented with modifications to the original design with participation of designers H. Tigranyan, Arthur Meschian. The airport was renovated in the 1980s with the development of a new terminal area, in order to meet domestic traffic demands within the Soviet Union.
When Armenia declared its independence from the Soviet Union in the 1990s, the growth of cargo shipments resulted in the construction of a new cargo terminal in 1998 that can handle about 100,000 tonnes of cargo annually.
In 2001, a 30-year concession agreement for the management of operations at the airport was signed with Armenia International Airports CJSC, owned by Argentine company Corporation America, which is in turn owned by Armenian Argentine businessman Eduardo Eurnekian. As part of that agreement, Armenia International Airports CJSC renovated and expanded the airport in order for it to serve tourism and commerce between Asia and Europe.
Renovation and expansion work began in 2004, culminating in the opening of a new international terminal on 1 June 2007, after 40 months of work. Another terminal opened on 16 September 2011.
In 2014, Zvartnots airport handled 2,045,058 passengers and 10,409 aircraft movements, a respective 20.9% and 19.3% increase over the previous year's figures.
The airport manager is the Armenian Argentine businessman Juan Pablo Gechidjian.
In 2004, the construction of a new international terminal began, at a cost of US$100 million. It covers an area of 19,200 m2 (207,000 sq ft) and can handle 2 million passengers a year. The building of this terminal is part of the 30-year concession agreement signed by the Armenian Government and Armenia International Airports.
On 14 September 2006 the newly built arrivals hall was opened. The new international terminal with its departures section was opened on 1 June 2007.
An additional investment of US$100 million will be carried out until 2010. Improvements at Zvartnots will involve a total investment of €164 million for the next 30 years. Armenia International Airports CJSC has allocated over €70 million to the first phase, which included a 19,200 m2 (207,000 sq ft) extension of the premises and a refurbishment of around 45,000 m2 (480,000 sq ft).
Now that the first phase is complete, the airport boasts a 54,000 m2 (580,000 sq ft) runway and 45,000 m2 (480,000 sq ft) of building, of which the new terminal occupies 25,000 m2 (270,000 sq ft) area. New parking has been created, with capacity for 1,000 vehicles. Many international airlines now operate from Zvartnots, connecting Yerevan to the world.
The arrival hall capacity has been doubled to reach a volume of over 1,000 passengers per hour, and passenger management will be streamlined thanks to a substantial expansion of the customs. The airport's waiting areas and passenger service areas have been renovated, with Wi-Fi, together with the enhancement of the duty-free shops and restaurants.
In the spring of 2008, the construction of a new passenger terminal began, in order to supplement the existing concourse. The project was completed in September 2011. The new passenger terminal, occupying 52,000 m2 (560,000 sq ft), doubled the number of passenger check-in counters and security control points. A new underground parking lot was built, with a parking area for more than 800 cars, and occupying 2,000 m2 (22,000 sq ft). With the completion of the terminal, "Zvartnots" International Airport is the only airport in the Caucasus that corresponds to the rating B. The airport can now serve 3.5 million passengers annually. The entire project cost was $160 million, part of which was on loan from the Asian Development Bank (ADB). The new terminal started operating on 16 September 2011.
To comply with the international air regulations, Armenia International Airports has improved security at Zvartnots. One hundred and fifty surveillance cameras have been installed at the airport, inside the buildings and in open spaces. Yerevan airport is guarded by Russian Federation and Armenian guards.
The modernization effort has included the implementation of a new flight information display system (FIDS) as well as a new automated and biometric-identification system for baggage check-in and passenger control. All buildings are equipped with free Wi-Fi Internet connection.
Airlines and destinations
|Aegean Airlines||Heraklion, Rhodes, Thessaloniki|
|Air Cairo||Hurghada, Sharm el-Sheikh|
|Bulgaria Air||Burgas, Varna|
|Montenegro Airlines||Podgorica, Tivat|
Traffic and statistics
|Departing passenger traffic||546,000||562,825||698,614||751,310||729,835||816,866||807,953||845,700||830,000||1,019,765|
|Arriving passenger traffic||547,400||562,873||688,388||628,690||717,562||795,150||792,944||846,115||938,981||1,025,293|
|Total passenger traffic||1,111,400||1,125,698||1,387,002||1,480,000||1,447,397||1,612,016||1,600,891||1,691,815||1,691,710||2,045,058|
|Exported freight (tons)||3,701||4,080||3,515||4,000||3,100||3,300||4,741||6,687||6,109||6,450|
|Imported freight (tons)||5,418||5,196||6,489||6,700||5,200||5,500||5,273||5,564||4,252||3,895|
|Total freight (tons)||9,119||9,276||10,004||10,774||8,400||8,800||10,014||12,251||10,361||10,345|
|Aircraft movements (departure and landing)||6,897||6,746||7,953||8,624||8,699||9,783||9,858||10,392||8,721||10,409|
Bus No. 201 connects the airport with the crossroads of Sayat-Nova and Mashtots streets in Yerevan. Bus No. 108 also connects the city center with the airport. The Armenian government plans to have Yerevan Metro extended to Yerevan Zvartnots Airport either with an extension to the current line or to have a brand new line built. There are also taxis.
Incidents and accidents
- On 14 February 2008, Belavia Flight 1834, a Bombardier CRJ-100ER en route from Yerevan, Armenia, to Minsk hit its left wing on the runway during takeoff, flipping over and coming to a stop inverted near the runway. All 18 passengers and three crew members escaped the aircraft before it burst into flames, partly due to the timely response of the fire and rescue crew of the airport. The main cause of the crash was icing contamination leading to a stall of the left wing.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zvartnots International Airport.|
- Zvartnots International Airport (Official website)
- General Department of Civil Aviation of Armenia
- Zvartnots Airport Official taxi service
- Transfers from Zvartnots International Airport EVN to Yerevan
- EAD Basic
- Image caption on Zvartnots Airport, in Soviet Armenian Encyclopedia. Yerevan, Armenian SSR, 1986. vol. xii, 512.
- General Department of Civil Aviation of Armenia – Airport Information
- aviation.am - Statistics
- Armats.am – Aerodrome ground Movement and Aircraft Parking Chart
- Airport website – Handles any type of modern commercial aircraft
- Armtown News Article – Will Eduardo Eurnekian Take Up Management of Gyumri Airport?
- panarmenian.net – Armenia’s Zvartnots named best airport in CIS
- Armats.com – Navigation Services
- News.am – New passenger terminal opened in Zvartnots Armenian airport
- PanArmenian.net – Zvartnots hi-tech airport terminal opens in Yerevan
- Airports of the World – May/June 2010 | Issue 29, p.15
- European Commission against Racism and Intolerance "ECRI REPORT ON ARMENIA (fourth monitoring cycle)." 8 February 2011. p. 23.
- General Department of Civil Aviation of Armenia – 2005–2006 Statistics
- General Department of Civil Aviation of Armenia – 2006–2007 Statistics
- 2008 Statistics for Zvartnots airport Dead link
- panarmenian.net – Overall passenger transportation via Zvartnots airport reached 1.6mln in 2010
- panarmenian.net – Zvartnots Airport serviced over 1,6 million passengers in 2011
- panarmenian.net – Zvartnots Airport posts passenger traffic of 1,7 million in 2012
- aviation.am - Statistics 2012-2013
- aviation.am - Statistics
- Interstate Aviation Committee (MAK) (4 June 2009). "Final Report of Belavia Flight 1834". Retrieved 31 August 2009.