Walkden

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For people with the name, see Walkden (surname).
Walkden
Walkden war memorial.jpg
Walkden War Memorial in the middle of Parr Fold Park
Walkden is located in Greater Manchester
Walkden
Walkden
 Walkden shown within Greater Manchester
Population 38,685 (2001 Census)
   – density  9,075 mile² (3,506 km²)
OS grid reference SD751030
Metropolitan borough Salford
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MANCHESTER
Postcode district M28
Dialling code 0161
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Worsley and Eccles South
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester

Coordinates: 53°31′26″N 2°23′57″W / 53.5239°N 2.3991°W / 53.5239; -2.3991

Walkden is a suburban town in the metropolitan borough of the City of Salford, in Greater Manchester, England.[1] It is 6 miles (9.7 km) west-northwest of Salford, and 7 miles (11.3 km) west-northwest of Manchester.

Historically in the township of Worsley in Lancashire,[2] Walkden was a centre for coal mining and textile manufacture.

According to the United Kingdom Census 2001, Walkden had a total resident population of 38,685.[3]

History[edit]

The name Walkden or Walkeden derives from the Old English denu, a valley, belonging to a man possibly called Wealca (fuller), an Old English personal name. It has been in existence since at least the 13th century.[4] The name was recorded in documents dating to 1246.[5]

A Roman road crossed the area roughly on the line of the present A6 road through Walkden and Little Hulton.[6] In 1313 in a dispute involving land, a jury decided that Walkden was too small to be considered a hamlet or a town but was "only a place in Farnworth".[7] In the 15th century Walkden appears to have covered a wider area than at present, spreading into Farnworth and Little Hulton.[8] In 1765 'Walkden Moor' was the subject of a parliamentary Enclosure Act.[9] The Duke of Bridgewater was the biggest landowner in 1786, owning over half the land. At one time Walkden was the center for coaling mines an textile manufacturing

Industry[edit]

Walkden's industrial history links are mainly to coal mining, but also to cotton mills. There were many shafts for small collieries sunk to the shallow coal seams of the Worsley Four Foot mine on land owned by the Egertons, the Lords of the Manor of Worsley which included Walkden. Named shafts were, Speakman's, Edge Fold, Lloyd's and Hey's Field before 1770, Turnpike Lime, Barlow Fold, Scowcroft's, and Crippin's Croft before 1780, Pin Fold, Parr Fold and Tub Engine before 1790 and Grundy's Field, Stone, Windmill, Charlton's, and the Inclined Plane Pit all before 1800. The Worsley Navigable Levels linked many of the mines to the Bridgewater Canal at Worsley.[10] The levels were used to transport coal from the mines of the Bridgewater Collieries in Walkden until railways were used as an improved form of transportation.[11] After 1800 Urmston's Meadow, Moss Hill Top, Parkinson's and Sawney, Atkin's Croft, Barrack's, Magnall's, Ashton's Field and the Ellesmere were sunk but were independent of the levels.[10] Walkden Yard or NCB Central Workshops was situated south of High Street, close to Ellesmere Colliery was partly in Little Hulton. It was built 1878 by the Bridgewater Trustees as a central works depot providing engineering services for their collieries and colliery railways. On the site there was a machine shop, joiners' shop, electricians' shop, paint shop, tinsmiths', locomotive repair shop, waggon sheds and waggon machine shop. The yard closed as a British Coal workshop in 1986 and is now a housing estate.[12]

Governance[edit]

Until 1894, Walkden lay within the township of Worsley in the ancient ecclesiastical parish of Eccles, within the Hundred of Salford in the historic county of Lancashire, although some parts including Linnyshaw and Toppings Bridge were within the parish of Deane.[13] Worsley Urban District Council, which included Walkden, was formed in 1894. Walkden was amalgamated into the City of Salford metropolitan district of Greater Manchester in April 1974, as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972, having previously formed part of the Worsley Urban District in the administrative county of Lancashire.[1] Walkden is divided by three electoral wards; Little Hulton, Walkden North and Walkden South.

Walkden is part of the Worsley parliamentary consistituency. Between 1885 and 1983 Walkden lay in the now defunct Farnworth constituency[14] and before that, from 1868 to 1885, within the South East Lancashire constituency.

Geography[edit]

Further information: Geography of Greater Manchester

Walkden is situated at the junction of the A6 Manchester to Chorley road, the A575 Worsley to Moses Gate, Farnworth road and the B5232.

Economy[edit]

The Ellesmere Centre shopping precinct, adjoins the retail park and was built as part of the same development replacing the old market hall and Pembroke Hall. Worsley Post Office is located in the centre along with cafes, national and local retailers, charity shops, hairdressers and bakers. The centre incorporates a "market square". The retail park's tenants include a superstore, gym, bingo hall, a sports store, an 'Instore' and a video rental store. There are fast-food restaurants and independent local businesses and services. Banks and building societies are located on Bolton Road. As of June 2009 a survey of town centres by "Experian" found that Walkden had almost 60% retail premises standing empty.[15]

A 185,500 sq ft (17,230 m2) Tesco Extra concept store opened in the market square on 27 September 2010 creating more than 300 jobs.[16] A new Health Centre and library called the 'Walkden Gateway' opened here in 2008.[17]

Culture and community[edit]

A lake at Blackleach Country Park.

Blackleach Country Park covers 50 hectares half mile north of the town centre. The site is a designated local nature reserve. The reservoir was originally used by factories.[18] The derelict and badly polluted site was crossed by a disused railway line and next to a chemical waste tip. It was reclaimed and restored after a community campaign.[19]

Landmarks[edit]

The Ellesmere Centre had a clock-tower which is a replica of the Lady Bourke Clock which once stood by the NCB Offices in Bridgewater Road. It was taken down when the Tesco store was erected. The original clock was used to alert coal miners to the beginning or end of their shifts. The workers claimed that they could not hear the clock strike once at 1 o'clock to mark the end of dinnertime and the resumption of the working day and it was altered to strike 13 times at 1.00pm, a tradition continued by the replica clock.[20] The opening lines of George Orwell's '1984' refer to the clock striking 13 which might have been inspired during his time in the area writing 'The Road to Wigan Pier'. The Ellesmere Monument in St Paul's Churchyard, was erected in 1868 in memory of the Countess of Ellesmere.[21] It originally stood at the junction of the A6, A575 and B5232 roads but was moved into the churchyard in 1968 to reduce traffic congestion. Statues of four angels on the monument were stolen. A project to restore the monument was completed in 2006. It was later rebuilt.

Transport[edit]

Walkden is at the junction of A6 and the Bolton to Worsley A575. The East Lancashire Road (A580) passes to the south and connects to the M60 ring-road and the motorway network. The M61 to the east of Walkden is in the Guinness Book of Records for being the widest section of motorway in Britain, (there are 17 lanes side by side at Linnyshaw Moss).[22]

There are extensive and frequent bus services, mainly operated by First Greater Manchester, linking the town with Manchester, Bolton and Leigh. Services include the 36 and 37 routes between Bolton and Manchester via Farnworth (37), Little Hulton (36) and Swinton.

The exterior of Walkden railway station

Walkden once had two railway stations. In 1875 the London and North Western Railway opened a station on the Bolton to Eccles line known as Walkden Low Level. It was closed in 1954.[23] The Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway provided a station on the Manchester to Wigan line in 1888. Walkden railway station, originally known as "Walkden High Level", remains open. Both lines were built as a result of the coal mining in the area.

According to 2006 figures, Walkden station was used by over 150,000 passengers annually.;[24] by 2012/2013 this had risen to 322,590. There are twice-hourly daytime services to both Manchester and Wigan, from where there are connecting services to Manchester Airport and the rest of the UK. This is reduced to an hourly service each way in the evenings. In 2009 the GMITA voted to approve funding for a one-year trial of hourly Sunday trains from Walkden, starting on 23 May 2010.[25]

Education[edit]

Walkden has several primary schools, three high schools and a sixth form college which include Walkden High School and Harrop Fold School.

St Paul's Heathside Gr. C of E Primary School, St. Paul's Crompton St. C of E Primary School and James Brindley Community Primary School are primary schools in Walkden and serve students ages 3–11.

A number of the town's primary schools are church schools. They include: St. Paul's, Crompton Street and St Paul's, Heathside, which are both Church of England schools. Christ the King is the Roman Catholic primary school for Walkden, Worsley and Roe Green. In addition there are three county primary schools - they are North Walkden Primary School in the north of the town and Mesne Lea Primary School and James Brindley Primary School in south Walkden.

Salford College, a vocational post-16 college, has its main facilities located in Walkden at its Worsley Campus on Walkden Road, close to the railway station.[26]

Religion[edit]

St Paul's Church was founded in 1838 in the church school and was originally known as St George's Chapel. The foundation stone for St. Paul's at Walkden Moor was laid in 1847 by Lady Brackley, daughter of the Earl of Ellesmere. The church cost £4,500 and was dedicated in 1848 by the Bishop of Manchester. The church was extended in 1881 by the addition of the north aisle, built at a cost of £1,000 which was raised by the parishioners. The east windows date from 1884 and mosaic panels are from 1904.[27]

St John's Church was founded in 1876 in Walkden although most of its parish is in Little Hulton, it is part of the Walkden & Little Hulton Team Ministry.[28]

There are two Methodist churches, Walkden Methodist Church and Worsley Road North Methodist Church. Christ the King Roman Catholic Church serves the Roman Catholic communities of Walkden, Roe Green and Worsley.[29] There is also a Congregational Church.[30]

Notable people[edit]

Further information: List of people from Salford

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Greater Manchester Gazetteer, Greater Manchester County Record Office, Place Names T to W, archived from the original on 18 July 2011, retrieved 3 April 2007 
  2. ^ Worsley Township Boundaries, genuki.org.uk, retrieved 27 April 2011 
  3. ^ United Kingdom Census 2001. "Greater Manchester Urban Area". statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 6 April 2007. 
  4. ^ Mills 1998, p. 362
  5. ^ Gazeteer of Manchester Place Names, retrieved 24 September 2007 
  6. ^ Worsley and Walkden — local history, Salford.gov, retrieved 26 April 2011 
  7. ^ Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "Townships: Farnworth", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5 (British History Online): 34–39, retrieved 20 January 2010 
  8. ^ Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "Townships: Worsley", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 4 (British History Online): 376–392, retrieved 20 January 2010 
  9. ^ England on the eve of the Industrial Revolution. Retrieved 3 October 2007. 
  10. ^ a b Atkinson 1998, p. 67
  11. ^ Walkden Pits, Walkden Local History, retrieved 17 January 2010 
  12. ^ Sweeney 1997, p. 361
  13. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS Project (2004). "Descriptive Gazetteer Entry for Walkden (or Walkden Moor)". A vision of Britain through time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 20 September 2007. 
  14. ^ "Review of Greater Manchester Boroughs". Retrieved 20 September 2007. [dead link]
  15. ^ gateshead-high-street-worst-hit-by-recession, bdaily.info, retrieved 17 January 2010 
  16. ^ AEW Architecs. "Tesco Walkden". 
  17. ^ Walkden Gateway, salford.gov, retrieved 17 January 2010 
  18. ^ Blackleach Country Park, Salford.gov, retrieved 17 January 2010 
  19. ^ Park life: Blackleach Country Park, bbc.co.uk, retrieved 26 April 2011 
  20. ^ Elsie gets a taste of the high life!, Bolton Evening News, retrieved 20 January 2010 
  21. ^ The University of the Third Age, retrieved 21 September 2007 
  22. ^ British Roads, retrieved 21 September 2007 
  23. ^ Walkden Low Level Station, Subterranea Britannica, retrieved 20 January 2010 
  24. ^ "Railway Passenger Numbers 2005–06". Retrieved 30 September 2007. 
  25. ^ "New Sunday services for rail line", BBC News, 20 December 2009, retrieved 13 January 2010 
  26. ^ "Salford College". Retrieved 27 September 2007. 
  27. ^ Walkden St Paul, Genuki, retrieved 17 January 2010 
  28. ^ St John the Baptist, Genuki, retrieved 17 January 2010 
  29. ^ Christ the King, Genuki, retrieved 17 January 2010 
  30. ^ Places of Worship, lan-opc.org, retrieved 20 January 2010 
  31. ^ Youssef, Anna (26 April 2007), "Local lad was a world beater", The Bolton News (Newsquest Media Group), retrieved 20 September 2007 

Bibliography

  • Atkinson, Glen (1998), The Canal Duke's Collieries Worsley 1760-1900, Neil Richardson (Second Edition), ISBN 978-1-85216-120-0 
  • Mills, A.D. (1998), A Dictionary of English Place-Names, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-280074-4 
  • Sweeney, D.J. (1997), A Lancashire Triangle Part Two, Triangle Publishing, ISBN 0-9529333-2-2 

External links[edit]