Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain (1833–1902)

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Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain
Infanta of Portugal and Spain
Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain (1833-1902).jpg
Spouse Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain
Issue Francisco, duke of Marchena
Pedro d'Alcantara, duke of Dúrcal
Luíz, duke of Ansola
Alfonso
Gabriel
House House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon-Braganza
Father Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain
Mother Princess Luisa Carlotta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Born (1833-06-12)12 June 1833
Madrid, Spain
Died 19 January 1902(1902-01-19) (aged 68)
Madrid, Spain
Burial San Lorenzo de El Escorial

Maria Cristina, Infanta of Portugal and Spain (5 June 1833 – 19 January 1902) was a daughter of Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain and his wife Princess Luisa Carlotta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.[1] She became an Infanta of Portugal by her marriage to Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain.

Family[edit]

Maria Cristina was one of eleven children born to Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain and Princess Luisa Carlotta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies in Madrid. Her father was in turn a younger son of Charles IV of Spain. Her mother was a daughter of Francis I of the Two Sicilies.

Maria Cristina was a sister of Francis, Duke of Cádiz, the king-consort of Isabella II of Spain, and Amelia Philippina, Princess of Bavaria.

Marriage and children[edit]

Maria Cristina's husband Sebastian of Portugal and Spain.

On November 19, 1860, Maria Cristina became the second wife of the much older Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain, who was a paternal great grandson of Charles III of Spain and a maternal grandson of John VI of Portugal.[1] Sebastian and his immediate family had been in conflict with the Queen Regent Maria Cristina, losing all of his titles and claims to the Spanish throne in 1837. He was restored to his Spanish titles upon his second marriage to Maria Cristina, who was both a cousin and a sister-in-law of Queen Isabella.

The nuptials took place in the Royal Palace of Madrid. In the spirit of reconciliation, the celebration was attended by Isabella II of Spain and her husband, among other members of the Spanish royal family. They had five children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Francisco, duke of Marchena 1861 1923 married Maria del Pilar de Muguiro y Beruete, duchess of Villafranca
Pedro d'Alcantara, duke of Dúrcal 1862 1892 married Maria de la Caridad de Madan i Uriondo
Luíz, duke of Ansola 1864 1889 married Maria Anna Bernaldo de Quiros, marquise of Atarfe
Alfonso 1866 1934
Gabriel 1869 1889

Later life[edit]

After the overthrow of the monarchy in 1868, Maria Cristina and her family had to leave Spain and take refuge in France. Sebastian died there in 1875. Maria Cristina later returned to Spain, and was able to live calmly until her 1902 death in Madrid. She is buried at the San Lorenzo de El Escorial.

Ancestry[edit]

Maria Cristina's ancestors in three generations

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Philip V of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Charles III of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Elisabeth of Parma
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Charles IV of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Augustus III of Poland
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Maria Amalia of Saxony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Maria Josepha of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Philip V of Spain (= 16)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Philip, Duke of Parma
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Elisabeth of Parma (= 17)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Maria Luisa of Parma
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Louis XV of France
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Princess Louise-Élisabeth of France
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Maria Leszczyńska
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Maria Cristina of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. Charles III of Spain (= 8)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Maria Amalia of Saxony (= 9)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Francis I of the Two Sicilies
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Marie Caroline of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Maria Theresa of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Princess Luisa Carlotta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. Charles III of Spain (= 8)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Charles IV of Spain (= 4)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Maria Amalia of Saxony (= 9)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Maria Isabella of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. Philip, Duke of Parma (= 10)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Maria Luisa of Parma (= 5)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Princess Louise-Élisabeth of France (= 11)
 
 
 
 
 
 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl. "The Peerage: Maria Cristina de Borbón, Infanta de España". Retrieved 28 July 2010.