Greater Western Sydney

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Greater Western Sydney
New South Wales
Greater Western Sydney Map.gif
Localities around Greater Western Sydney:
Greater Blue Mountains Area Greater Blue Mountains Area Northern Suburbs
Greater Blue Mountains Area Greater Western Sydney Western Sydney
South-western Sydney South-western Sydney Southern Sydney

Greater Western Sydney (GWS) is the region of the metropolitan area of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia that is generally accepted to embrace the northwest, southwest, central west, and western sub-regions of greater metropolitan Sydney. The University of Western Sydney defines greater western Sydney as comprising 14 local government areas; namely located within Auburn, Bankstown, Blacktown, Blue Mountains, Camden, Campbelltown, Fairfield, Hawkesbury, Holroyd, Liverpool, Parramatta, Penrith, The Hills Shire and Wollondilly.

In government administration, the region has a Minister for Western Sydney, currently held by the Premier, the Hon. Mike Baird, MP.

The population is predominantly of a working class background, with major employment in the heavy industries and vocational trade. The fourteen local government areas which comprise the Greater West together generate more than A$95 billion in Gross Regional Product a year, making its economy the third largest in Australia behind the Sydney CBD and Melbourne.[citation needed]

Sub-regions[edit]

Greater Western Sydney local government authorities agree on the broad definition of greater western Sydney, but divide the region based on the regional organisations of councils. The Western Sydney Regional Organisation of Councils (WSROC) includes the local government areas of Auburn, Bankstown, Blacktown, Blue Mountains, Fairfield, Hawkesbury, Holroyd, Liverpool, Parramatta and Penrith.[1] The Macarthur Regional Organisation of Councils (MACROC) includes the local government areas of Camden, Campbelltown and Wollondilly.[2]

The Department of Planning & Infrastructure Metropolitan Strategy for Sydney divides Greater Western Sydney into three sub-regions:[3]

Sub-region Local government areas Area Population
(2011 Census)
Employment
(2011 Census)
Housing
(2011 Census)
Gross Regional Product
(FY2010/2011)
West Central and North West[4] Auburn, Blacktown, Holroyd,
Parramatta
779 square kilometres (301 sq mi) ~846,000 ~389,000 ~302,000 A$48.5 billion
West[5] Blue Mountains, Hawkesbury, Penrith 4,608 square kilometres (1,779 sq mi) ~327,000 ~119,000 ~127,000 A$13.0 billion
South West[6] Bankstown, Camden, Campbelltown,
Faifield, Liverpool, and Wollondilly
3,554 square kilometres (1,372 sq mi) ~829,000 ~298,000 ~286,000 A$33.5 billion
Totals 8,941 square kilometres (3,452 sq mi) ~2,002,000 ~806,000 ~715,000 A$95.0 billion

Climate[edit]

Further information: Climate of Sydney

Western Sydney experiences a warm temperate climate with the annual temperatures having an average maximum of 23 °C (73 °F) and a minimum of 12 °C (54 °F), making the region a few degrees warmer than the Sydney CBD.

In summer, daytime temperatures can be 5 degrees Celsius warmer than the City (in extreme cases the West can even be 10 degrees hotter). This is because sea breezes in the City do not penetrate the inland areas. Northwesterlies occasionally bring hot winds from the desert that raise temperatures up to 40 °C (over 100 °F). Winters nights, though, are a few degrees cooler, which may present frost in some areas. Maximum summer temperatures average at around 28 °C (82 °F) to 30 °C (86 °F) and winter temperatures average at around 17 °C (63 °F) to 18 °C (64 °F), depending on the location.

Rainfall is almost evenly spread throughout the year, although the first half tends to be wetter, namely February through to June (late summer/early winter). The months from July through to December tend to be drier (late winter/early summers). Thunderstorms are common in late summer and early autumn. Winters are pleasantly cool and sunny, although east coast lows can bring large amounts of rainfall, especially in June.[7]

Most suburbs in the west have an annual precipitation that averages at around 700 mm (28 in) to 900 mm (35 in), in contrast to Sydney CBD's 1,217 mm (48 in). The humidity in the summer is usually in the comfortable range, though some days can be slightly humid (due to the ocean proximity) or very dry (thanks to the heat from the desert).[8]

Landmarks[edit]

Major tourist attractions in Western Sydney include the Blue Mountains and Sydney Olympic Park. The Western Sydney Parklands, a major urban parkland stretching through many local government areas in Western Sydney, also contains many attractions such as picnic areas and lookouts, Calmsley Hill Farm, Blacktown Olympic Park, Eastern Creek Raceway, and, most notably, the Nurragingy reserve (features picnic areas and a Chinese garden). Other major recreation include Auburn Botanical Gardens. Large shopping malls include Westfield Penrith, Westfield Parramatta, Westfield Liverpool and Westpoint Blacktown.

Parramatta has also become a major centre in Sydney, often being referred to as the second CBD of Sydney.

Media[edit]

The city is also served by several local radio stations, including those from Sydney.

Greater Western Sydney is also served by 5 Sydney television networks, three commercial and two national services:

Sport[edit]

The region hosts many professional sporting teams in a wide range of codes. The National Rugby League and Big Bash League have teams based in the region. The region acts as the namesake of the Greater Western Sydney Giants Australian Football League club. The Western Sydney Wanderers A-League football club is also proudly based in this region of Sydney.

Advocacy[edit]

The following organisations are directly involved in economic and other advocacy for this region:

  • Western Sydney Community Forum (www.wscf.org.au)
  • The Western Sydney Regional Organisation of Councils (www.wsroc.com.au)
  • Westir (www.westir.org.au)
  • The Wianamatta Institute (www.wianamattainstitute.org)
  • The Western Sydney Conservation Alliance (www.wsca.org.au)

Major education facilities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The WSROC Region". Western Sydney Regional Organisation of Councils Ltd. 2012. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  2. ^ "Macarthur Region". MACROC. 2008. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  3. ^ "Figure 17: Sydney’s Subregions - for consultation" (PDF). Draft Metropolitan Strategy for Sydney. Government of New South Wales. March 2013. ISBN 978-0-7313-3570-1. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  4. ^ "West Central West Subregion" (PDF). Draft Metropolitan Strategy for Sydney. Government of New South Wales. March 2013. ISBN 978-0-7313-3570-1. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  5. ^ "West Subregion" (PDF). Draft Metropolitan Strategy for Sydney. Government of New South Wales. March 2013. ISBN 978-0-7313-3570-1. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "South West Subregion" (PDF). Draft Metropolitan Strategy for Sydney. Government of New South Wales. March 2013. ISBN 978-0-7313-3570-1. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  7. ^ "About East Coast Lows". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 6 April 2013. 
  8. ^ "Sydney heatwave". Daily Liberal. 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2014. 
  9. ^ "Climate statistics: PARRAMATTA NORTH (MASONS DRIVE)". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  10. ^ "Monthly climate statistics". Bureau of Meteorology. 20 July 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2011. 
  11. ^ "Climate statistics for Prospect Reservoir". Bureau of Meteorology. July 2011. Retrieved 21 July 2011. 
  12. ^ "Climate Statistics: Richmond RAAF (1993–present)". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  13. ^ "Climate Statistics: Richmond RAAF (1928–1994)". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  14. ^ "Climate statistics for Camden Airport AWS". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 April 2013. 
  15. ^ "Climate statistics for Holsworthy Control Range". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 

External links[edit]