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Central Jessore Town
Location of Jessore in Bangladesh
|• Total||2,606.94 km2 (1,006.55 sq mi)|
|Elevation||7 m (23 ft)|
|Population (2011 Census)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||BST (UTC+6)|
|• Summer (DST)||BDST (UTC+7)|
Jessore is a district in the of southwestern tip of Bangladesh. It is bordered by India to the west. The district produces a variety of crops year-round. Date-sugar, called patali, is made from the sap of locally grown date trees. It is cooked, thickened and crystallised using a traditional method. Patali is mainly produced in Khajura, but many date trees are cultivated in the Keshabpur Upazila and Manirampur Upazila areas.
Jessore district was established in 1781. It consists of 4 municipalities, 36 wards, 8 upazilas, 92 unions, 1329 mouzas, 1434 villages and 120 mahallas. Upazilas are Abhaynagar Upazila, Bagherpara Upazila, Chaugachha Upazila, Jessore Sadar Upazila, Jhikargachha Upazila, Keshabpur Upazila, Manirampur Upazila, and Sharsha Upazila.
Jessore was a medieval kingdom under the rule of Pratapaditya. Jessore district once belonged to the ancient Janapada kingdom of Samatat Janapada. In 1947, Jessore was partially divided. Except for the Bangaon and Gaighata thanas, the district became part of East Bengal.
The Bengali soldiers stationed at Jessore cantonment mutinied against the Pakistan Army on 29 March 1971. They were led by Captain Hafiz Uddin and Lieutenant Anwar in an uprising where 300 soldiers were killed. The rebels killed 50 Pakistani soldiers with machine gun fire at Chanchara.
On 6 December 1971, Jessore became the first district of Bengal to be liberated from Pakistani forces.
Jessore District encompasses 2606.98 km². It is bounded by Jhenaidaha and Magura districts at the north, Satkhira and Khulna districts at the south, Narail and Khulna districts at the east, and Assam of India at the northeast. Major rivers that flow through this region are the Bhairab, Chitra, Betna, Kobadak, and the Mukteshwari.
Places to see
Village Balia Vakutia is famous for its small weaving industry (loom), where shaari, loongi, gamchha etc. clothes are produced. Village Rampur has become a tourist attraction for its island-like look surrounded by two rivers, Jhapa Bayor and Khajura Bayor. The Kopotak-kho River flows through the area.
At Abhaynagar Upazila, there is a small village called Dhoolgraam. It once had a magnificent complex of 17 Hindu temples, but only one remains today. Most of the temples were destroyed by the Bhairab River. A beautiful terracotta design can be seen all over the temple. It is considered a very holy place by Bengali Hindus.
In Vaatnogor at Abhaynagar Upazila, ruins of eleven temple complex, dedicated to Lord Shiva, remains. Though the central temple is partially destroyed, the site still shows the majesty of Bengal's glorious past.
A terracotta plaque bearing the image of Mallinath, a female tirthankar (saint) of the Jain religion, was found at the Mound of Dam Dam Peer in Manirampur Upazila. It is believed to be the most ancient relic discovered from this part of the world. The Archaeology Department at Khulna said that the plaque is at least 1800 years old. It is currently kept at the Khulna Museum. 
- Near the town of Jessore is the suburb Chanchra. A Chanchra Rajbari once stood but has deteriorated. Visitors can see the Lord Shiva Temple, which is almost restored; the remains of the Dosh Mohabid-da Temple, unique in Bengal; and Jora Shiv Temple at Murali in a deteriorated condition.
- Imam Bara, at Murolir Mor beside the Dhaka-Khulna Highway, is a historical building constructed by Hazi Muhammad Mohsin.
- The Jessore Collectorate Building, in Doratana, is one of the oldest buildings in Jessore.
Shaagordaari is the birthplace of the poet Michael Madhusudan Dutta. His large villa consists of a huge garden, a small museum and houses. The front gate has a solid sculpture work. The Kopotak-kho River is at a stone's throw away.
Annual average temperature range from 9 to 41 °C (48 to 106 °F). The annual rainfall is 1,537 millimetres (60.5 in).
|Climate data for Jessore|
|Average high °C (°F)||22.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||15.4
|Average low °C (°F)||9.0
|Precipitation mm (inches)||11
- Jessore District had a population of 2,764,547 at the 2011 Census.
- 85.5% of the population are Muslims, 14.21% are Hindus and the remaining 0.29% practise another religion. Religious institutions included 3928 mosques, 463 temples, 86 churches and 17 Buddhist temples.
- The average literacy rate is 45.2% — very low compared to the rest of the world, but average in Bengal. 41% of males are literate, while only 25.1% of females are.
- The main occupations are agriculture 39.84%, agricultural labourer 24.13%, wage labourer 2.68%, commerce 11.99%, service 8.66%, industry 1.41%, transport 3.11% and others 8.18%.
- The main crops are paddy, jute, sugarcane, tuberose, vegetables. Main fruits are date, jackfruit, papaya, banana, litchi and coconut. Main exports are cotton, jute, leather, jackfruit, banana, comb and date molasses, and vegetables.
- Jessore is a place for growing flowers.
Jessore District's administrative framework was established in 1781. It consists of the following eight Upazilas
(data from Banglapedia):
|Abhaynagar Upazila||247.21||262,434||Keshabpur Upazila||258.44||253,291|
|Bagherpara Upazila||308.29||216,897||Jessore Sadar Upazila||435.22||742,898|
|Chaugachha Upazila||269.31||231,370||Manirampur Upazila||444.20||417,421|
|Jhikargachha Upazila||307.96||298,908||Sharsha Upazila||336.28||341,328|
The upazilas are further divided into 9 municipalities, 36 wards, 92 unions, 1329 mouzas, 1434 villages and 120 mahallas.
Jessore has communication links with nearby districts. It has highways for transportation to West and East Bengal.
Jessore is a junction on the broad gauge-based network of the Eastern Railway. The network has links extended into Indian territory. Service linking the capital Dhaka and the Indian city Kolkata was to start April 2008. Jessore is about midway along the route.
The Jessore Airport, near the city, is an airbase for the Bangladesh Air Force. Alongside military service, its runways cater to some commercial airlines, such as Regent Airlines, United Airways and Novo Airlines, for domestic flights.
Notable educational institutions
- Panchbaria Primary School, Newtown, Sador, Jessore
- Jessore University of Science and Technology
- Jessore Medical College
- Jessore Polytechnic Institute
- Monirampur Model Polytechnic Institute, Jessore.
- Bag-achra United High School, Jessore
- Bagachra govt. primary School, Sharsa, Jessore
- Bagachra shommilito uchcho girls school, sharsa, Jessore
- Bagachra senior fazil madrasha, sharsa, Jessore
- Manirampur Govt. Pilot High School
- Manirampur Govt. Girls' High School
- Manirampur Degree College
- Manirampur Women's College
- Buruj Bagan High School
- Bangladesh Computer and Management College,Jessore.
- Ibn Sina Pre-Cadet School
- Rupdia welfare academy
- BAF Shaheen College
- Dawood Public School
- Jessore Shikkha Board Model School And Collage
- Jessore Cantonment College
- Michael Modhushudon (MM) College
- Nutan Khayertala Secondary School, Jessore
- Sacred Heart School, Jessore
- Jessore Rifles School
- Jessore Zilla School
- Jessore Cantonment High School
- Police Line Secondary School
- Palashi Adarsha College, Manirampur, Jessore
- Government Girls' High School, Jessore
- Sacred Heart School, Jessore
- Hashimpur Secondary High School
- Talbaria Degree College
- Narikelbaria High School
- Navarn Degree College
- Jhikargacha M.L. High School
- Jhikargacha B.M High School
- Enayetpur High School, Enayetpur,Monirampur, Jessore.Sharif Ahmed 08/01/14}
- Enayetpur Eikra Adorsho Pre Cadet School, Enayetpur, Monirampur, Jessore. 08/01/14
- Shaheed Moshiur Rahman Degree College
- Backra Degree College
- Backra High School
- Matikumra High School
- Kullaha Girls High School
- Matshia High School
- Sarsa Pilot High School
- Akij Collegiate School
- Lakshmanpur School & College, Post. Lakshmanpur, Sharsa.
- Pakshia high school
- Pakshia Collegiate School
- DR Abdur Razzak Municipal College, Karbala Road, Jessore
- Biman bondor biddyaloy Jessore
- Hamidpur Al-Hera Degree College
- Bir Pratik Ishak College.
- Sammilani Institution.
- M.S.T.P. Girls High School.
- Noapara Model School - Abhoynagar
- Rajghat Jafarpur High School - Abhoynagar
- Sagardari Michele Modhusudon Institution, Keshobpur, Jessore
- Chowgacha Shadat Pailot Madhomik biddaloi, Chaugacha, Jessore
- Chowgacha Hazi Sardar Mortoz Ali Madhomik Biddaloi, Chaugacha, Jessore
- Chowgacha Sara Girls School, Chaugacha, Jessore
- Chowgacha Degree college, Chaugacha, Jessore
- Dumurkhaly Dakhil Madrasah, Monirampur, Jessore.
- Jhikargacha M.L. High School, Jhikargacha, Jessore
- Muktijoddha Technical High School,Hasan pur,Keshob pur,Jessore
- Kuadha High School, Monirampur, Jessore.
- Benapole High School, Benapole, Jessore
- Benapole Morium Memorial Girl's High School,Benapole, Jessore
- Sonakur jakira Dakhil madrasha
- Hamid pur high school
- Progoti girls school
- Baliadanga govt. primary school
- Keshabpur Pilot school & college
- Keshabpur Degree College
- Keshabpur Girls School
- Keshabpur Girls College
- Jessore Technical School and Collage
- Balia Vakutia High school, Jessore
- Biman Bondor Biddaloy
- Century Pre-Cadet School
- M.K Girls High School
- Matikumra High School
- Kuadha High School & College, Monirampur
- Jessore Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital
- Aragga Nikaton, Raja Barada Kanta Road, Chanchra, Jessore
- Bagherpara Pilot High School
- Bagherpara Degree College
- Bagherpara Mohila College
- Dr.Afile Uddin Degree & Honors College, Bag-achra, Sharsa, Jessore
- Khanpur High School, Bagherpara Jessore.
- Shahid Sirajjudin Hossain Degree college,Khajura, Jessore
Notable natives and residents
- Michael Madhusudan Datta - Poet and Dramatist
- Mahendra Lal Bose - Philanthropist and Educationist
- Adv. Nurul Islam, MP
- Mashrafe Mortaza, crickter, Bangladesh cricket team
- Westland, James (1871). A Report on the District of Jessore: Its Antiquities, Its History, and Its Commerce. Oxford University Press.
- Mahibullah Siddiqui (2012). "Jessore District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- Duke Khan. "Mound of Dam Dam Peer in Manirampur Upazilla.". Archived from the original on 2007-03-12. Retrieved September 13, 2013.
- Jessore District Portal
- Jessore.info The largest district website in Bengal. Covers Greater Jessore (Jessore, Jhenaidah, Magura and Narail).
- Amar Chowgacha