Jizan

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Jizan
جازان
Jazan
Port of Jizan
Port of Jizan
Jizan is located in Saudi Arabia
Jizan
Jizan
Coordinates: 16°53′21″N 42°33′40″E / 16.88917°N 42.56111°E / 16.88917; 42.56111
Country  Saudi Arabia
Emirate Jizan
Government
 • Governor / Emir HRH Prince Mohammed Bin Nasser Bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud
Elevation 40 m (130 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 105,193
Time zone AST (UTC+3)
Website www.jazan.gov.sa

Jizan (Arabic: جازانjazān), also spelled Jazan, Gizan or Gazan, is a port city and the capital of Jizan Region, which lies in the southwest corner of Saudi Arabia and directly north of the border with Yemen. Jazan City is situated on the coast of the Red Sea and serves a large agricultural heartland that has a population of 1.5 million, according to a 2010 census. The area is noted for its high-quality production of tropical fruits like mango, figs, and papaya.

Jizan has one of the largest mega projects market in the kingdom with significant infrastructure projects worth many billions of dollars, Saudi Aramco executes large, high-profile infrastructure projects, of 400,000 bpd refinery with associated terminal facilities on the Red Sea near Jazan, Scheduled for completion in late 2016. Jazan refinery and terminal - Saudi Aramco

Ethnography[edit]

The inhabitants of Jizan are Arab and almost entirely Sunni Muslim.

Economy[edit]

In the early 20th-century, Jizan was a major site for pearl fishing. When World War I began, trade declined at Jizan, moving to Al Hudaydah.[1]

Today, huge ambitious projects in transport, renewable energy,tourism and agricultural development are taking place in Jizan region, Jizan Economic City of $27 billion USD has recently initiated, as well SSJA, Jazan Aluminum Smelter of $3.5 billion US.

Climate[edit]

Jazan has a hot desert climate (Köppen: BWh) with an average annual temperature of 30 °C (86 °F). The weather varies from extremely hot in its long summers to hot in its short winters.

The highest recorded temperature was 49 °C (120 °F) on July 10, 2002, while the lowest was 9 °C (48 °F) on February 28, 1984.[2]

Climate data for Jazan, Saudi Arabia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 39
(102)
39
(102)
39
(102)
41
(106)
44
(111)
48
(118)
49
(120)
48
(118)
42
(108)
43
(109)
39
(102)
38
(100)
49
(120)
Average high °C (°F) 29.7
(85.5)
30.6
(87.1)
32.3
(90.1)
34.6
(94.3)
37.1
(98.8)
37.9
(100.2)
37.2
(99)
37.2
(99)
36.8
(98.2)
36.2
(97.2)
33
(91)
31.4
(88.5)
34.5
(94.08)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.7
(78.3)
26.5
(79.7)
28
(82)
30
(86)
32.3
(90.1)
33.6
(92.5)
33.4
(92.1)
33.3
(91.9)
32.4
(90.3)
31
(88)
28.2
(82.8)
26.5
(79.7)
30.08
(86.12)
Average low °C (°F) 21.8
(71.2)
22.5
(72.5)
23.8
(74.8)
25.4
(77.7)
27.6
(81.7)
29.3
(84.7)
29.6
(85.3)
29.4
(84.9)
28
(82)
25.8
(78.4)
23.5
(74.3)
21.6
(70.9)
25.69
(78.2)
Record low °C (°F) 15
(59)
9
(48)
16
(61)
11
(52)
19
(66)
20
(68)
21
(70)
17
(63)
20
(68)
19
(66)
14
(57)
17
(63)
9
(48)
Precipitation mm (inches) 11
(0.43)
5
(0.2)
6
(0.24)
8
(0.31)
7
(0.28)
1
(0.04)
8
(0.31)
19
(0.75)
8
(0.31)
8
(0.31)
13
(0.51)
12
(0.47)
106
(4.16)
Source #1: Climate-Data.org[3]
Source #2: Voodoo Skies[2] for record temperatures

Another source with another data.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Prothero, G.W. (1920). Arabia. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 75. 
  2. ^ a b "Gizan, Saudi Arabia". Voodoo Skies. Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Climate: Jizan - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
  4. ^ ClimateTemp. "Jizan, Saudi Arabia Climate, Average Weather". ClimateTemp. Retrieved 24 August 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 16°53′21″N 42°33′40″E / 16.88917°N 42.56111°E / 16.88917; 42.56111