Jubail

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Jubail
الجبيل
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Coat of arms
Jubail is located in Saudi Arabia
Jubail
Coordinates: 27°0′N 49°40′E / 27.000°N 49.667°E / 27.000; 49.667
Country  Saudi Arabia
Province Eastern Province
Government
 • Type Monarchy
 • Provincial Governor Saud bin Nayef
Population (2011)
 • Total 378,949
 • Nationality 
(2011)
33% Saudis
28% Indians
14% Filipinos
11% Pakistanis
10% Bangladeshis
2% Americans
1% Europeans
2.5% Other countries
Time zone AST (UTC+3)
Website www.jubailcity.com

Jubail (Arabic: الجبيل‎, Al Jubayl), is a city in the Eastern province on the Persian Gulf coast of Saudi Arabia. It is the largest industrial city in the Middle East. It also home to the Middle East's largest and world's fourth largest petrochemical company. It has the world's largest IWPP (Independent Water and Power Project) producing 2743.6 MW of electricity and 800,000 m3 of water daily. Jubail comprises the Old Town of Al Jubail, which was a small fishing village until 1975, and the new industrial area. Jubail Industrial City is the largest civil engineering project in the world today.

In 1975, the Saudi government designated Jubail as the site for a new industrial city. Rapid expansion and industrialization ensued. The new industrial and residential areas were named Madīnat al Jubayl aṣ Ṣinā`īyah (Jubail Industrial City). The 2005 Census Report for Jubail Industrial City estimates the resident population at 224,430.

History[edit]

King Abdul-Aziz Naval Base
Jubail from space, June 1996
Factories in Jubail
Religion in Jubail
Religion Percent
Islam
  
81.5%
Others
  
18.5%
Languages in Jubail
Percent
Arabic
  
59.9%
Malayalam
  
13.1%
Urdu/Hindi
  
10.8%
Filipino
  
8.6%
Others
  
7.6%

The town of Al-Jubail on the Persian Gulf coast of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has ancient roots. Human habitation dates back at least 7,000 years when the people of Dilmun—whose civilization radiated up and down the Persian Gulf—established a settlement there.

In September 1933, Jubail gained a measure of fame as the landing site for the first team of geologists to explore for oil in Saudi Arabia.

Bechtel began work on the Jubail Industrial City project more than 30 years ago and is still working in Jubail now. Bechtel has managed the Jubail project since it began in the mid-1970s, and in 2004, the Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu asked the company to manage Jubail II, a $3.8 billion expansion of the city’s industrial and residential areas.

Transportation[edit]

Airport[edit]

Also, Jubail has three small airports: Jubail Airport, Abu Ali Airport, and one inside King Abdulaziz Naval Base, none of which are for public use. The city is being served by King Fahd International Airport in Dammam. Now Its terminal is about 85 km (53 mi) driving distance from Jubail. There is a new Road under Construction from Abu-Hadriyah Road then terminal will be about 62 km (39 mi) driving distance from Jubail.

Highway[edit]

Jubail is directly connected with other cities by two major highways; Dhahran-Jubail Highway and Abu Hadriyah Highway.

One ongoing project is the Jubail-Qassim (Buraidah) Expressway 500 km (310 mi),which will reduce the distance between Jubail and Qassim (Buraidah) to around 331 km (206 mi) from the current 831 km (516 mi).

Railway[edit]

A branch of the Saudi Landbridge Project railway is proposed to connect Jubail to Dammam.

Seaport[edit]

There are two seaports in Jubail—the Jubail Commercial Seaport and the King Fahd Industrial Seaport.

Main sights[edit]

Jubail is home to a 4th-century church, listed as one of the oldest surviving churches in the world.

Distances to nearby places[edit]

Eastern Province[edit]

Other Provinces[edit]

Other cities in Middle East[edit]

Education[edit]

Schools[edit]

  1. Hafeez International School
  2. Pakistan International School
  3. Eqra international School
  4. Mariya international School
  5. International Indian School, Al- Jubail (IIS Jubail)
  6. Jubail Academy International School
  7. King Fahd High School
  8. Najd Secondary School
  9. Om Alqurra Secondary School
  10. Dana Elementary School
  11. Andulas Elementary School
  12. Al Murgan Elementary School
  13. Al Ahsa Secondary School
  14. Fayha Elementary School
  15. Khaleeg Intermediate School
  16. Fanatir Elementary School
  17. Al Diffi Secondary School

Universities and Colleges[edit]

  1. Jubail University College
  2. Jubail Industrial College
  3. Jubail Technical Institute

Hospitals, dispensaries and dental centers[edit]

  • Jubail General Hospital
  • Almana Medical Center
  • Almana General Hospital
  • Al-Shibani General Hospital
  • Al Fanatir Hospital
  • Mouwasat Hospital
  • Mayo Dental Center
  • Lulu Hospital
  • Jubail Medical Center
  • Kingdom Dental Medical Dispensary
  • Royal Commission Hospital
  • Huda Younis Dental Complex
  • Armed Forces Hospital
  • Al-Shifa Hospital
  • Al-Fayadh Medical Clinic
  • Al-Hijailan Medical Clinic
  • Lulu Dispensary
  • Dina Dispensary for Medical Services
  • Al-Khonaini Dispensary
  • Jubail National Dispensary

References[edit]

DCoordinates: 27°00′N 49°40′E / 27.000°N 49.667°E / 27.000; 49.667

External links[edit]