Kalabaka

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Kalabaka
Καλαμπάκα
The town of Kalabaka as seen from Meteora.
The town of Kalabaka as seen from Meteora.
Location
Kalabaka is located in Greece
Kalabaka
Kalabaka
Coordinates 39°42′N 21°38′E / 39.700°N 21.633°E / 39.700; 21.633Coordinates: 39°42′N 21°38′E / 39.700°N 21.633°E / 39.700; 21.633
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: Thessaly
Regional unit: Trikala
Population statistics (as of 2011)[1]
Municipality
 - Population: 21,991
 - Area: 1,650.2 km2 (637 sq mi)
 - Density: 13 /km2 (35 /sq mi)
Municipal unit
 - Population: 12,000
Community
 - Population: 8,619
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Auto: ΤΚ

Kalabaka (Greek: Καλαμπάκα, Kalabáka, alternative transliteration Kalambaka) is a municipality in the Trikala regional unit, part of Thessaly in Greece. The population 11,841 (2001). The Meteora monasteries are located in the town. Kalabaka is the northwestern terminal of the old Thessaly Railways, now part of OSE. Kalabaka was voted as one of the most beautiful places in Greece by the Skai TV show I LOVE GR.[2]

History[edit]

In 1995 an ancient tomb was found in Kalabaka dating from the 20th century BC.[citation needed] A Greek inscription on the wall of one of the town’s oldest churches (Saint John the Baptist) testifies to the existence of an ancient Greek settlement under the name Aiginion.[citation needed]

Kalabaka's suburb village of Kastraki.
View of Meteora from Kastraki.
Kalambaka station

The town is built on the location of the ancient city of Aiginion. It is attested since the 10th century, when it was known as Stagoi (Στάγοι), a Byzantine fortress and bishopric. Of its medieval monuments, only the cathedral, the Church of the Dormition, survives. It is a late 11th- or early 12th-century building, built on the remains of an earlier, late antique church.[3] Relics of an ancient Greek temple – probably of god Apollo – have been incorporated in the wall of the town’s oldest and most renowned 10th-century church, dedicated to Virgin Mary.[citation needed]

The name "Kalabaka" was given six or seven centuries ago. It is of Turkish origin and means "powerful fortress". It has been Anglicized variously as Kalampaka, Kalambaka, Kalabaki, and Kalabak.

On 27 August 1881, along with the rest of Thessaly, Kalabaka became part of the Kingdom of Greece.[citation needed]

On Thursday 23 April 1943, a battle took place in Kalabaka between Greeks and Italians in which 70 Italian soldiers died.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

The town is situated on the foot of the Meteora pinnacles.

Government[edit]

Municipality[edit]

The municipality Kalabaka was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 8 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[4]

Kalampaka (also spelled Kalabaka) is a town of 12,000 citizens.

Province[edit]

The province of Kalabaka (Greek: Επαρχία Καλαμπάκας) was one of the provinces of the Trikala Prefecture. It had the same territory as the present municipality.[5] It was abolished in 2006.

Economy[edit]

Tourism[edit]

Tourism is a major part of the economy.[citation needed] There are a number of hotels, restaurants, shops and cafes.

Twin town[edit]

Kalabaka is a twin town with Schwabach, Germany.

References[edit]