Aigialeia

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Aigialeia
Αιγιάλεια
Location
Aigialeia is located in Greece
Aigialeia
Aigialeia
Coordinates 38°15′N 22°5′E / 38.250°N 22.083°E / 38.250; 22.083Coordinates: 38°15′N 22°5′E / 38.250°N 22.083°E / 38.250; 22.083
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: West Greece
Regional unit: Achaea
Population statistics (as of 2011)[1]
Municipality
 - Population: 49,872
 - Area: 729.4 km2 (282 sq mi)
 - Density: 68 /km2 (177 /sq mi)
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Postal code: 25x xx
Telephone: 269xx
Auto: ΑΧ

Aigialeia (Greek: Αιγιάλεια) is a municipality and a former province (επαρχία) in the eastern part of the Achaea regional unit, Greece. The seat of the municipality is the town Aigio.[2] The main towns are Aigio, Akrata and Diakopto. The municipality Aigialeia stretches from the south coast of the Gulf of Corinth to the mountainous interior of the Peloponnese peninsula. The main rivers of the municipality are the Selinountas and the Vouraikos.

Municipality[edit]

The municipality Aigialeia was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 6 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[2]

Province[edit]

The province of Aigialeia (Greek: Επαρχία Αιγιαλείας) was one of the three provinces of Achaea. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipality, except the municipal unit Erineos.[3] It was abolished in 2006.

History[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Achaea.

Present Aigialeia was the territory of the ancient Achaeans. Several towns of the Achaean League were located here: Rhypes, Aegium, Ceryneia, Boura, Helice, Aegae and Aigeira. Helice was submerged as a result an earthquake, which also destroyed Boura. In Roman times, the most important towns were Aegium and Aigeira.[4] In the Middle Ages, the area was ruled by Byzantines, Slavs, Franks, Venetians, and from the 16th century the Ottoman Turks. Aigialeia was liberated in the first stage of the Greek War of Independence, in 1821. Aigio was struck by an earthquake in 1995, damaging several buildings. The 2007 Greek forest fires cause great damage in the mountains of Aigialeia.

Transport[edit]

Roads[edit]

The main highways in Aigialeia are:

Railways[edit]

The Piraeus, Athens and Peloponnese Railways line Athens - Corinth - Aigio - Patras - Pyrgos - Kyparissia runs through Aigialeia. The Diakofto–Kalavryta Railway is a rack railway, offering passenger service as well.

Media[edit]

Newspapers, fanzines and others[edit]

Radio[edit]

Television[edit]

Sporting clubs[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Detailed census results 2011 (Greek)
  2. ^ a b Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  3. ^ Detailed census results 1991 PDF (39 MB) (Greek) (French)
  4. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 7.6.1, 7.24, 7.25