Korea Coast Guard

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Korea Coast Guard
Maritime Police Agency
해양경찰청
Korea Coast Guard.png
Seal of the Republic of Korea Coast Guard
Country  South Korea
Type Coast guard
Size 10,095 personnel
292 ships, 23 aircraft(2011)[1]
Part of Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries
Anniversaries December 23
Commanders
Current
commander
Commissioner General Kim Suk Kyoon
Insignia
South Korean flag Flag of South Korea.svg
Racing stripe Korea Coast Guard racing stripe.png
Aircraft flown
Helicopter Bell-412SP, Ka-32C, AW139, AS565MB
Patrol CN-235, CL-604, C-212
KCG vessel No. 3006 sailing alongside U.S. Coast Guard cutter USCGC Boutwell (WHEC-719) in August 2007

The Korea Coast Guard (KCG; Korean: 해양경찰청; Hanja: 海洋警察廳, Revised Romanization: Haeyang-gyeongchal-cheong, literally Maritime Police Agency) is responsible for maritime safety and control off the coast of South Korea. The KCG is an external branch of Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries at peacetime. Recently, with continuous border crossings by Chinese watercraft, the Korean Coast Guard has deployed a significant number of heavy vessels to the Yellow Sea. The KCG has its headquarters in Songdodong, Incheon, and has hundreds of smaller operating stations along the coastline of the Korean Peninsula. The Korean Coast Guard operates 4 classes of heavy vessels (over 1000 tons), 3 classes of medium vessels (over 250 tons), and 3 classes of light vessels (speedboats over 30 tons). The KCG also uses several types of 'special purpose watercraft', such as firefighting vessels, barges, high speed scout boats, light patrols, and amphibious hovercraft. The KCG aviation unit fields 6 fixed-wing aircraft and 16 rotary-wing aircraft. The Coast Guard also has its own asymmetric warfare unit, the 'Korean Coast Guard Special Operation Unit'.

On 18 May 2014, BBC reported[2] that President Park Geun-hye announced South Korea "plans to break up its coastguard" after failing to respond well during the MV Sewol ferry disaster." According to Park, "investigation and information roles will be transferred to the [Korean] police while the rescue and salvage operation and ocean security roles will be transferred to the Department for National Safety[3] which will be newly established".[4]

History[edit]

A Kamov Ka-32 of the Republic of Korea Coast Guard
ROK Coast Guard, 122 Rescue Unit, Yeosu

The Coast Guard Authority was formed on 23 December 1953 in Busan, at the same time a Maritime Police Unit was also established as part of the National Police Agency. In October 1962, new bases were established in Incheon, Yeosu, Pohang, and Kunsan. In February 1963, the aviation unit of the KCG closed, though it reopened in the 80's. Since 1980 the KCG began expanding its fleet largely, and in August 1991 the Police Unit was renamed the Korea National Maritime Police Agency. In 2007 the Korea National Maritime Police Agency was integrated into the Coast Guard. In the early 21st century, the fleet expanded to include various vessels of over 3,000 tons, and as of January 2002, the 'Korean Coast Guard Special Operation Unit' was officially formed. In the May 2008, the "Search & Rescue Maintenance Unit" was newly constructed, and as of late 2008, various sub-agencies changed infrastructural composition. The Korean Coast Guard plans to field more vessels over 5000 tons by 2015, and expand its asymmetric warfare force significantly by encouraging participation from other branches of the police.

On May 18, 2014 President Park Geun-hye announced that the Korean Coast Guard would be dismantled as a result of saying it "virtually failed to implement its rescue operation." during the sinking of the MV Sewol. She announced that, "The investigation and information roles will be transferred to the police while the rescue and salvage operation and ocean security roles will be transferred to the department for national safety which will be newly established," [5]

Goals[edit]

(From the English home page of the Korea Coast Guard)

  • Develop and maintain operational capability to ensure national maritime sovereignty.
  • Be recognized by the nation as the guardian of maritime security.
  • Become the foremost maritime security agency in Northeast Asia.
  • Develop and improve the ability to respond to maritime search and rescue requirements throughout the area of responsibility.
  • Develop and improve the ability to preserve and protect the maritime environment.
  • Be fully responsive to public requests for administrative services.
  • Continually improve the organization and operation of the agency.

Main Duties[edit]

(From the English home page of the Korean Coast Guard)

  • 1. Search and Rescue

Korea Coast Guard performs to respond speedy and effective rescue activities in order to save a precious life and to protect property when it occurred maritime accidents.

  • 2. Maritime Security

Korea Coast Guard ensures to protect sea from maritime crime and keep maritime security and peace.

  • 3. Marine Environmental Protection

Korea Coast Guard has always been in the forefront for surveillance of marine pollution and prevention of hazardous spills in order to keep waters clean and to preserve abundant marine resources.

  • 4. International Affairs

We, Korea Coast Guard, always do our best to respond quickly against international maritime crimes including enforcement of Alien Migrant Interdiction by seizing current tendency of international crime.

  • 5. Maritime Traffic Safety Management

Korea Coast Guard provides an unlimited protection to secure maritime tourism, safe marine recreational activities, and to keep people from any kind of potential dangers and barriers.

  • 6. Maritime Pollution Response

Korea Coast Guard performs to build a clean maritime environment through prevention activities thoroughly against hazardous spills or discharge and perfect pollution control.

Equipment[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

These are quoted from "Korea Coast Guard 2012 White Paper"[1]

Aircraft Type In service Cruise speed Capacity Endurance Ferry range Notes
Fixed-wing
CL-604(Bombardier Challenger 600) Search and rescue airplane 1 833㎞/h 11 passengers 8 hours 6,667㎞
C-212(CASA C-212 Aviocar) Search and rescue airplane 1 370㎞/h 7 passengers 5 hours 1,482㎞
CN-235(CASA/IPTN CN-235) Search and rescue airplane 4 394㎞/h 12 passengers 7 hours 2,037㎞
Rotary-wing
Bell 412SP SAR purpose helicopter 1 218㎞/h 9 passengers 3.5 hours 722㎞
KA-32C(Kamov Ka-27) SAR purpose helicopter 8 211㎞/h 12 passengers 4 hours 852㎞
AgustaWestland AW139 SAR purpose helicopter 2 305㎞/h 10 passengers 3.9 hours 819㎞
Eurocopter AS565 PantherMB Vessel-carried helicopter 6 296㎞/h 8 passengers 3.3 hours 796㎞
Sikorsky S-92 SAR purpose helicopter 1, with an option for up to 3 additional[6] 280㎞/h 19 passengers 6 hours 1,000 ㎞

List of ships of the Republic of Korea Coast Guard[edit]

These are quoted from "Naver 블로그 지식의 수집광"[7]

Class Displacement (empty) In service Hull number/In commission Displacement (full load) Builder Armament
Large Patrol Vessel
SAM-BONG 5,000 tonnes 1 5001/2002 6,350 tonnes Hyundai Heavy Industries Doosan DST 'No Bong' dual 40mm gun, Sea Vulcan 20 mm
TAEPYUNGYANG(Pacific) 3,000 tonnes 11 3001/1994
3002/1998
3003/2003
3005/2004
3006/2005
3007/2006
3008/2008
3009/2010
3010/2010
3011/2012(Training Role)
3012/2012
4,450 tonnes
3,860 tonnes
3,900 tonnes
3,900 tonnes
3,900 tonnes
3,900 tonnes
3,900 tonnes


4,200 tonnes


Hanjin Heavy Industries
Hanjin Heavy Industries
Hanjin Heavy Industries
Hanjin Heavy Industries
Hanjin Heavy Industries
Hyundai Heavy Industries
Hyundai Heavy Industries
STX Offshore & Shipbuilding
Hyundai Heavy Industries
2 x 20 mm Sea Vulcan
1 x 20 mm Sea Vulcan
1 x 20 mm Sea Vulcan
1 x 20 mm Sea Vulcan
1 x 20 mm Sea Vulcan
1 x 20 mm Sea Vulcan
1 x OTO Melara 40 mm, 1 x 20 mm Sea Vulcan
Doosan DST 'No Bong' dual 40mm gun, Sea Vulcan 20 mm
Doosan DST 'No Bong' dual 40mm gun, Sea Vulcan 20 mm
1 x 20 mm Sea Vulcan
Doosan DST 'No Bong' dual 40mm gun, Sea Vulcan 20 mm
JE-MIN 1,500 tonnes 12 1501/1988
1502/1996
1503/2000
1505/2001
1506/2004
1507/2004
1508/2005
1509/2007
1510/2007
1511/2008
1512/2011
1513/2012
2,200 tonnes
2,246 tonnes
2,700 tonnes
2,700 tonnes
2,700 tonnes
2,700 tonnes
2,700 tonnes
2,700 tonnes
2,700 tonnes
2,700 tonnes
2,265 tonnes
2,265 tonnes
Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering

Hanjin Heavy Industries

Hyundai Heavy Industries
Hyundai Heavy Industries
Hyundai Heavy Industries
Hanjin Heavy Industries
Hanjin Heavy Industries
Hyundai Heavy Industries
STX Offshore & Shipbuilding
STX Offshore & Shipbuilding
Sea Vulcan 20 mm

Sea Vulcan 20 mm

Sea Vulcan 20 mm
Sea Vulcan 20 mm
3 x Sea Vulcan 20 mm

40mm gun, Sea Vulcan 20 mm
Doosan DST 'No Bong' dual 40mm gun, Sea Vulcan 20 mm
Doosan DST 'No Bong' dual 40mm gun, Sea Vulcan 20 mm
DST 'No Bong' dual 40mm gun, Sea Vulcan 20 mm
HAN-RIVER 1,000 tonnes 9 1001/2012
1002/2012
1003/1983
1005/1985
1006/1997
1007/2002
1008/2004
1009/2009
1010/2012
1,530tonnes
1,530 tonnes
1,000 tonnes
1,155 tonnes
1,630 tonnes
1,860 tonnes
1,860 tonnes
1,860 tonnes
1,530 tonnes
Hyundai Heavy Industries


Hanjin Heavy Industries

Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering
Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering
Hyundai Heavy Industries
Hanjin Heavy Industries
Doosan DST 'No Bong' dual 40mm gun, Sea Vulcan 20 mm

Bofos 40mm
Otobreda 76 mm/56 Gun,Bofos 40mm, Sea Vulcan 20 mm
Sea Vulcan 20 mm
Sea Vulcan 20 mm
Sea Vulcan 20 mm
Doosan DST 'No Bong' dual 40mm gun, Sea Vulcan 20 mm
Doosan DST 'No Bong' dual 40mm gun, Sea Vulcan 20 mm
Class Displacement (empty) In service Country of origin Hull number Notes
Medium Sized Patrol Vessel
Taegeuk 500 tonnes 15  South Korea 507, 501~506, 508~517
Haeuri(type A) 300 tonnes 19  South Korea 300~307, 308~320
Haeuri(type B) 250 tonnes 5  South Korea 267, 271, 277~279
Small sized patrol vessel
Haenuri 100 tonnes 28  South Korea 101~131
P class(type A) 30~50 tonnes 82  South Korea P01~P102, P105~P112, P127
P class(type B) 30,50,100 tonnes 20  South Korea
Special Vessel
S class(coastal patrol boat) 4.5t 53  South Korea S01~S70
Fireboat 200t 1  South Korea
Response Vessel 12t, 50t, 85t, 140t, 150t, 450t 33  South Korea
All-Weather Amphibious Hovercraft 4  South Korea

Charter of the Republic of Korea Coast Guard[edit]

(From the English home page of the Korean Coast Guard)

  • "We are the proud Korea Coast Guard to secure our own sea by inheriting a spirit and a tradition of the marine nation

We are charged with the historical mission to protect freedom and interest of the public, and pursue peace and prosperity of Nation, furthermore, makes contribution to the peace of the world. Therefore, we pledge to accomplish our assigned duties and clarify the KCG's direction."

  • -We are a devoted Coast Guard undaunted by any affliction as a leading protagonist of the maritime security
  • -We are a righteous Coast Guard who properly administers the law according to the own conscience as the symbol of the law and justice.
  • -We are a global Coast Guard who maintains international maritime order and conserves a sea which is mutual asset among all nations.
  • -We are a growing Coast Guard who aims for the future by developing the knowledge and ability with the creative attitude.

Command[edit]

Formerly called Korea Maritime Police, is led by a Commissioner of the KCG and a deputy Commissioner.

The KCG is divided into six Bureaus and 23 Divisions. There are 16 KCG stations with 74 branch offices and 245 subagencies.

Other related agencies include:

  • KCG Academy
  • KCG R&D Center
  • KCG Maintenance Agency

Fleet[edit]

  • Patrol Boats
  • Law Enforcement Craft
  • Pollution Response Boats
  • Aircraft
  • Search and Rescue Craft

References[edit]

External links[edit]

North: Russian FSB Coast Guard
West: China Coast Guard Korea Coast Guard East: Japan Coast Guard United States Coast Guard
South: Philippine Coast Guard Republic of China Coast Guard