Kurta

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This article is about item of clothing. For the abandoned village in Georgia, see Kurta (village). For the Ukrainian footballer, see Serhiy Kurta.
A traditional cotton Chikan embroidery kurta with wooden cuff-links-style buttons.
A traditional muslin "side-open" kurta with knot-and-loop in place of buttons.

The term kurta Urdu: كُرتا‎, pronounced [ˈkʊrt̪aː], Persian:كُرتہ, is a generic term used in South Asia for several forms of upper garments for men and women, with regional variations of form.

Etymology[edit]

The word "kurta" is a borrowing from Hindustani,[1] and originally from Persian (literally, "a collarless shirt")[2] and was first used in English in the 20th century.[3]

Kurta is a piece of clothing worn by males, it is usually worn for fashion, tradition and culture. As the Thawb is encouraged to be worn in Saudi Arabia, Pakistani and Indian expatriates rather prefer to wear the Kurta as a close and same version to the Arab clothing.

A kurta worn by females is called a kurti. The kurta is variously known as an angarkha in Gujarat and Rajasthan and a Panjabi in Bengal, Bangladesh and Assam[4]

Distribution[edit]

It is a traditional dress for men in Central, West and South Asia. It is a long shirt worn in whole of Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran and Northern Indian states namely, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Rajasthan. A similar dress is worn traditionally in Gujarat is somewhat shorter in length than a usual Kurta and has a wider end similar to lower part of a Ghagra. In India, Hindus wear it alongwith Dhoti or Paijama whereas Muslims wear it along with Shalwar or Paijama.

Among young boys it is common to wear Kurta with Jeans.

Reach of the kurta[edit]

A kurta (Urdu: كُرتا‎), Persian:كُرتہ, pronounced [ˈkʊrt̪aː]; (also kurti for a shorter version for women) is a traditional item of clothing worn in Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. It is a loose shirt falling either just above or somewhere below the knees of the wearer, and is worn by men. They were traditionally worn with loose-fitting paijama (kurta-paijama), loose-fitting shalwars, semi-tight (loose from the waist to the knees, and tight from the calves to the ankles churidars, or wrapped-around dhotis;[3] but are now also worn with jeans.[5] Kurtas are worn both as casual everyday wear and as formal dress.

Women wear kurtis as blouses, usually over jeans.[5] These kurtis are typically much shorter than the traditional garments and made with a lighter materials, like those used in sewing kameez.

Imported kurtas were fashionable in the United States in the 1960s and 1970s, as an element of hippie fashion, fell from favor briefly, and are now again fashionable. South Asian women may also wear this Western adaptation of South Asian fashion.

Formal kurtas are usually custom-made by South Asian tailors, who work with the fabric their customers bring them. South Asians overseas and Westerners, can buy them at South Asian clothing stores or order them from web retailers.

Styles[edit]

A traditional kurta consists of rectangular fabric pieces with perhaps a few gusset inserts, and is cut so as to leave no wasted fabric. The cut is usually simple, although decorative treatments can be elaborate.

The sleeves of a traditional kurta fall straight to the wrist; they do not narrow, as do many Western-cut sleeves. Sleeves are not cuffed, just hemmed and decorated.

The front and back pieces of a simple kurta are also rectangular. The side seams are left open for 6-12 inches above the hem, which gives the wearer some ease of movement.

The kurta usually opens in the front; some styles, however, button at the shoulder seam. The front opening is often a hemmed slit in the fabric, tied or buttoned at the top; some kurtas, however, have plackets rather than slits. The opening may be centered on the chest, or positioned off center.

A traditional kurta does not have a collar. Modern variants may feature stand-up collars of the type known to tailors and seamstresses as "mandarin" collars. These are the same sort of collars seen on achkans, sherwanis, and Nehru jackets.

Indian subcontinent has a very popular styling of Mukatsari kurta (getting its origin from the province of Mukatsar in Punjab (India)) which is famous for its slim fitting cuts and smart fit designs. It is very popular among young politicians.

Material[edit]

Kurtas worn in the summer months are usually made of thin silk[dubious ] or cotton fabrics; winter season kurtas are made of thicker fabric such as wool (as in Kashmiri kurtas) or Khadi silk, a thick, coarse, handspun and handwoven silk that may be mixed with other fibers. A very common fabric for kurta pajama these days is linen, or linen cotton mix ideal for both summers and winters.

Kurtas are typically fastened with tasseled ties, cloth balls and loops, or buttons. Ready-made kurtas often avoid the use of horn buttons, in deference to Hindu sentiments; such buttons are frequently made from cow or buffalo hooves or horns. Buttons are often wood or plastic. Kurtas worn on formal occasions might feature decorative metal buttons, which are not sewn to the fabric, but, like cufflinks, are fastened into the cloth when needed. Such buttons can be decorated with jewels, enameling, and other traditional jewelers' techniques.

Decoration[edit]

South Asian tailors command a vast repertoire of methods, traditional and modern, for decorating fabric. It is likely that all of them have been used, at one time or another, to decorate kurtas. However, the most common decoration is embroidery. Many light summer kurtas feature Chikan embroidery, a speciality of Lucknow, around the hems and front opening. This embroidery is typically executed on light, semi-transparent fabric in a matching thread. The effect is ornate but subtle.

Jeans and kurta[edit]

Kurtas and Dhoti Kurta are often worn with jeans.[5] Women sometimes wear kurtas as blouses, usually over jeans pants.[6] Jeans are sometimes preferred over pajamas or leggings as they are more durable for rough use. Most colors kurtas match with blue jeans.[7]

History[edit]

In India, Kurta is a very popular dress among the political class. Almost all the politicians are seen wearing a crisp white kurta made from khadi. Kurta also reflects India's culture and tradition. On any auspicious day or festivals, people are seen wearing colorful kurtas.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Merriam Webster: Kurta
  2. ^ McGregor, R. S. (ed.). 1993. The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 1083 pages. ISBN 0-19-563846-8.
  3. ^ a b Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition. 1989. The first use is attributed to W.G. Lawrence in T. E. Lawrence, Home Letters, 1913, "Me in a dhoti khurta, White Indian clothes."
  4. ^ http://www.indianmirror.com/culture/clothing/dhoti.html
  5. ^ a b c "Regal chic", The Telegraph, Calcutta, April 24, 2004. Quote: "The first sequence was a range of traditional saris in silk and cotton, moving on to kurtis and jeans and short kurtas in silk and georgette."
  6. ^ [Yet, jeans are among the most comfortable outfits as they can go with just about anything, a short top or even a kurta.]
  7. ^ [1]

References[edit]