Kyrgyz Braille

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Kyrgyz Braille
Type alphabet
Languages Kyrgyz
Parent systems
Braille
Print basis
Kyrgyz alphabet

The braille alphabet used for the Kyrgyz language is based on Russian Braille, with a few additional letters found in the print Kyrgyz alphabet.

Alphabet[edit]

Kyrgyz Braille uses the entire Russian Braille alphabet, though some letters are only found in loans, and in addition has the letters ң, ө, ү.

Print а a б b в v г g д d е ye ё yo ж j з z и i[1] й y к k
Braille ⠁ (braille pattern dots-1) ⠃ (braille pattern dots-12) ⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456) ⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245) ⠙ (braille pattern dots-145) ⠑ (braille pattern dots-15) ⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠚ (braille pattern dots-245) ⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356) ⠊ (braille pattern dots-24) ⠯ (braille pattern dots-12346) ⠅ (braille pattern dots-13)
Print л l м m н n ң ng о o ө ö п p р r с s т t у u ү ü
Braille ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123) ⠍ (braille pattern dots-134) ⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345) ⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456) ⠕ (braille pattern dots-135) ⠌ (braille pattern dots-34) ⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234) ⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235) ⠎ (braille pattern dots-234) ⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236)
Print ф f х kh ц ts ч ch ш sh щ shch ъ ы ı ь э e ю yu я ya
Braille ⠋ (braille pattern dots-124) ⠓ (braille pattern dots-125) ⠉ (braille pattern dots-14) ⠟ (braille pattern dots-12345) ⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠷ (braille pattern dots-12356) ⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346) ⠾ (braille pattern dots-23456) ⠪ (braille pattern dots-246) ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠫ (braille pattern dots-1246)

Although the non-Russian letters ң ө ү are found in many other Cyrillic alphabets, their braille assignments are unrelated to those or with international norms.[2] Compare the ң, ө, ү of Kazakh Braille, for example.

Punctuation[edit]

The question mark differs from Russian Braille.

Single punctuation:

Print , .  ?  !  ;  : -
Braille ⠂ (braille pattern dots-2) ⠲ (braille pattern dots-256) ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠖ (braille pattern dots-235) ⠆ (braille pattern dots-23) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠤ (braille pattern dots-36)

Paired punctuation:

Print « ...... » ( ...... )
Braille ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠴ (braille pattern dots-356) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356)

Formatting[edit]

italics capital number
⠸ (braille pattern dots-456) ⠨ (braille pattern dots-46) ⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Unesco (2013) has an apparent copy error for и, , which duplicates the Kyrgyz Braille colon.
  2. ^ Though perhaps just coincidence, the letter ү may be an exception, as it somewhat resembles a Latin v and is written as a v in braille.