|Ceased operations||2009 (merged with Air Berlin)|
|Airport lounge||LTU Lounge|
|Destinations||see Air Berlin|
|Key people||Helmut Weixler (CEO)|
LTU Lufttransport-Unternehmen GmbH, usually shortened to LTU, was a German leisure airline. It operated medium and long-haul routes and maintained hubs at Düsseldorf Airport, Munich Airport and Berlin-Tegel Airport.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2009)|
LTU was established in May 1955 as Lufttransport Union and started operations in Frankfurt. It adopted its present name in 1956 when it operated charter flights. LTU has been headquartered in Düsseldorf since 1961.
LTU ran very popular U.S. routes from its Düsseldorf hub and directly competed on some of them with Lufthansa, Germany's flag carrier. LTU also ran well-frequented services from Düsseldorf to Beijing, Chengdu and Shanghai but they were dropped.
The airline was owned at March 2007 by Intro Verwaltungsgesellschaft (55%) and Marbach Beteiligung und Consulting (45%) and had 2,892 employees before the Air Berlin merger.
Ownership by Air Berlin
In March 2007, Air Berlin took over LTU International, creating the fourth largest airline group in Europe in terms of traffic. Between them, the airlines carried 22.1 million passengers in 2006. The takeover was driven by the prospect of branching into long-haul operations and the chance to establish a stronger presence at Düsseldorf Airport. For a period, LTU retained its name on its leisure routes, while routes to the U.S. and China immediately switched to Air Berlin branding.
On 1 May 2007, LTU operated the first Arctic & North Pole Sightseeing Flight from continental Europe in aviation history for their charter customer Deutsche Polarflug. The flight took 12h55m and the aircraft, an A330-200 took a group of 283 passengers from Düsseldorf via Norway, Svalbard, The North Pole, Eastern Greenland and Iceland back to Düsseldorf.
LTU opened a third long-haul base besides Düsseldorf and Munich at Berlin Tegel Airport in October 2007, basing a single Airbus A330-200 there to launch flights to Bangkok, Punta Cana and Varadero.
Air Berlin announced in 2008 that the trademark LTU would no longer be used. All flights have been branded as Air Berlin since then. As of April 2011, the AOC of LTU had been expired and the company itself was dissolved.
Before taken over by Air Berlin, LTU served 55 destinations in 22 countries on four continents during winter schedule season 2006/2007. Further destinations were reachable with codeshare partner Bangkok Airways.
Fleet in 2007
By the time Air Berlin took over LTU in March 2007, their fleet contained the following aircraft:
|Airbus A320-200||10||-||24||144||168||one additional aircraft operated by subsidary LTU Austria|
|British Aerospace BAe 146-300||1||-||0||104||104||wet leased from WDL Aviation|
The average age of the LTU fleet was 6.7 years.
All aircraft operated by LTU until March 2007:
|Airbus A320-200||from 1999||12|
|Airbus A321-200||from 2001||4|
|Airbus A330-200||from 2001||8||plus two orders (see above)|
|Airbus A330-300||from 1994||7|
|Boeing B747-200||1991||1||wet leased from Evergreen International due to delayed delivery of first MD11|
|Boeing B757-200||1984 - 2004||14||also operated by subsidaries LTE and LTS|
|Boeing B767-300||1989 - 2002||5||also operated by subsidary LTS|
|Bristol 170||1957 - 1961||1|
|Sud Aviation SE 210 Caravelle 10R||1967 - 1979||5|
|Sud Aviation SE 210 Caravelle III||1965 - 1968||2|
|de Havilland DH.104 Dove||1957 - 1958||1||another exemplar still operating sightseeing flights in historic LTU livery|
|Douglas DC-4||1958 - 1960||2|
|Fokker F27||1958 - 1974||5||including two prototypes (PH-FDO/NVF)|
|Fokker F28||1969 - 1974||5||including two prototypes (PH-ZAA/ZAB)|
|Lockheed TriStar 100/200||1973 - 1996||10||one aircraft lost due to fire in 1991 during maintenance with no casualties|
|Lockheed TriStar 500||1980 - 1996||3|
|McDonnell Douglas MD-11||1991 - 1998||4|
|Vickers VC.1 Viking||1955 - 1963||5||first aircraft in fleet|
- The initials LTU stand for the German phrase LuftTransport-Unternehmen which translates to "air transport enterprise".
- LTU offered some dedicated seasonal sightseeing flights without landing around the North Pole in partnership with Deutsche Polarflug.
- "Kontakt." LTU International. Retrieved on 21 June 2009. "LTU International Airways Flughafen Düsseldorf, Halle 8 D40474 Düsseldorf"
- "About LTUKommunikation Wissenschaft." Air Berlin. Retrieved on 21 June 2009.
- "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-04-03. p. 107.
- "LTU base". Airliner World. August 2007. p. 9.
- aero.de: „Air Berlin stellt Nutzung der Marke LTU ein“ (German) (29. Juli 2008)[dead link]
- "LTU's Fleet". airfleets.net. March 2007. Retrieved March 4, 2015.
- "LTU's Aircraft". ltu-flugzeuge.de. Retrieved March 4, 2015.
Media related to LTU International at Wikimedia Commons