Labour Party (UK) leadership election, 1935

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Clement Attlee
Herbert Morrison
Arthur Greenwood

The 1935 Labour Party leadership election took place on 26 November 1935 when Herbert Morrison and Arthur Greenwood challenged Clement Attlee, the incumbent party leader of only one month and one day. Attlee, previously the party's Deputy Leader, had been appointed as an interim leader the previous month when George Lansbury resigned and the general election was looming.

With the Labour Party now having three times as many MPs, both Morrison and Greenwood stood in the annual election for leader, feeling that Attlee's appointment had only been intended as an interim measure. Morrison had not been an MP at the time of the October appointment, whilst Greenwood had declined to offer himself as a candidate then because he was strongly associated with trade union leaders such as Ernest Bevin, who were widely regarded as the reasons for forcing Lansbury to resign, a move that the vast majority of Labour MPs opposed.

The first round of the contest took place on 26 November 1935:[1]

Name Votes
Clement Attlee 58
Herbert Morrison 44
Arthur Greenwood 33

As the lowest-placed candidate, Greenwood was eliminated from the race.

The second contest took place on 3 December:

Name Votes
Clement Attlee 88
Herbert Morrison 48

With a clear majority, Attlee retained the party leadership.

Herbert Morrison later claimed that he was denied the leadership of the Labour Party in the 1935 election by the votes of Labour MPs who were members of New Welcome Lodge.[2] Morrison's backer Hugh Dalton made similar claims, and went further than Morrison by claiming to have been shown the summons for the meeting at which the voting was decided.[3] Dalton believed that the members of New Welcome Lodge backed Arthur Greenwood, who was a member of the lodge, and then backed Clement Attlee in order to block Morrison.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leaders of the Labour Party
  2. ^ John Hamill and Andrew Prescott, 'The Masons' Candidate: New Welcome Lodge No. 5139 and the Parliamentary Labour Party', Labour History Review, Volume 71, Number 1, April 2006 , pp. 9-41(33), citing H. Morrison, Herbert Morrison: An Autobiography (London, Odhams, 1960), p. 164
  3. ^ Hugh Dalton, Hugh Dalton Dalton, Ben Pimlott, The Political Diary of Hugh Dalton, 1918-40, 1945-60 (London School of Economics and Political Science, ISBN 0-224-01912-0), p.224.
  4. ^ Hamill and Prescott, pp. 9-41(33), citing H. Dalton, The Fateful Years, (London: Frederick Muller Ltd., 1957), p. 82