Arthur Ponsonby, 1st Baron Ponsonby of Shulbrede
|Arthur Ponsonby, 1st Baron Ponsonby of Shulbrede|
|Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster|
13 March – 25 August 1931
|Prime Minister||Ramsay MacDonald|
|Preceded by||Clement Attlee|
|Succeeded by||The Marquess of Lothian|
Arthur Augustus William Harry Ponsonby, 1st Baron Ponsonby of Shulbrede (16 February 1871 – 23 March 1946) was a British politician, writer, and social activist. He was the third son of Sir Henry Ponsonby, Private Secretary to Queen Victoria, and the great-grandson of Frederick Ponsonby, 3rd Earl of Bessborough. Frederick Edward Grey Ponsonby, 1st Baron Sysonby, was his elder brother.
Lord Ponsonby is possibly best remembered for the statement: "When war is declared, truth is the first casualty", which he made in his book Falsehood in Wartime: Propaganda Lies of the First World War (1928). A similar line previously had been spoken in 1917 by US Republican Senator Hiram Johnson.
Education and early career 
He was opposed to Britain's involvement in World War I, and joined with George Cadbury, Ramsay MacDonald, E. D. Morel, Arnold Rowntree and Charles Trevelyan, to form the Union of Democratic Control (UDC), which became a very prominent anti-war organisation in Britain.
He was defeated in the 1918 general election, when he stood as an "Independent Democrat" in the new Dunfermline Burghs constituency. He then joined the Labour Party and was elected at the 1922 general election as the MP for the Brightside division of Sheffield.
Ramsay MacDonald appointed him to be Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in 1924, and Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs and later Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Transport in 1929. He became a Baron in 1930 and served as leader of the Labour Party in the House of Lords from 1931 until 1935, resigning in opposition to the party's policy on sanctions against Italy for its invasion of Abyssinia.
In 1940 Ponsonby resigned from the Labour Party, opposing its decision to join the coalition government of Winston Churchill.
He wrote a biography of his father which won the James Tait Black Memorial Prize in 1942: Henry Ponsonby, Queen Victoria's Private Secretary: His Life and Letters.
Lord Ponsonby died on 23 March 1946. He was succeeded by his son Matthew Ponsonby.
Personal life and family 
|This section requires expansion. (February 2010)|
On 12 April 1893 he married Dorothea Parry, daughter of Hubert Parry and Elizabeth Herbert, daughter of Sidney Herbert. He had one son named Matthew and a daughter, Elizabeth, who, during the 1920s, made a name for herself by being part of the nucleus of the Bright Young People.
See also 
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (February 2013)|
- Hiram Johnson said "The first casualty when war comes is truth." From a speech, U.S. Senate 1918 quoted in The Quote Verifier: Who Said What, Where, and When, by Ralph Keyes, Macmillan, p. 228, 2006, ISBN 0-312-34004-4
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd edition ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- In the Parliament, The Times July 26, 1934
- "Russia, vol 93 cc1097-117". Hansard 1803–2005 Lords Sitting. 25 July 1934. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs [self-published source][better source needed]
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Arthur Ponsonby, 1st Baron Ponsonby of Shulbrede|
- Falsehood in War-Time: Propaganda Lies of the First World War by Arthur Ponsonby MP
- Review of Falsehood in Wartime
- Two pictures of Ponsonby at The National Portrait Gallery (UK)
- Brief bio at Spartacus Schoolnet
- The Ponsonby Rule Google HTML of a PDF document.
- Arthur Ponsonby's Dream
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Arthur Ponsonby