Arthur Ponsonby, 1st Baron Ponsonby of Shulbrede

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Ponsonby of Shulbrede
Arthur Ponsonby.jpg
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
In office
13 March – 25 August 1931
Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
Preceded by Clement Attlee
Succeeded by The Marquess of Lothian

Arthur Augustus William Harry Ponsonby, 1st Baron Ponsonby of Shulbrede (16 February 1871 – 23 March 1946) was a British politician, writer, and social activist. He was the third son of Sir Henry Ponsonby, Private Secretary to Queen Victoria, and the great-grandson of Frederick Ponsonby, 3rd Earl of Bessborough. Frederick Edward Grey Ponsonby, 1st Baron Sysonby, was his elder brother.

Ponsonby is often quoted as the author of the dictum "When war is declared, truth is the first casualty", published in his book Falsehood in War-time, Containing an Assortment of Lies Circulated Throughout the Nations During the Great War (1928). However, an almost identical line had been spoken in 1917 by the United States Senator Hiram Johnson: "The first casualty when war comes is truth".[1]

Education and early career[edit]

Ponsonby was a Page of Honour to Queen Victoria from 1882 to 1887. He was educated at Eton College and Balliol College, Oxford, before joining the Diplomatic Service and taking assignments in Constantinople and Copenhagen.

Politics[edit]

At the 1906 general election, Ponsonby stood unsuccessfully as Liberal candidate for Taunton. He was elected as Member of Parliament for Stirling Burghs at a by-election of 1908.

In Parliament, Ponsonby opposed the British involvement in the First World War, and with George Cadbury, Ramsay MacDonald, E. D. Morel, Arnold Rowntree, and Charles Trevelyan, he was a member of the Union of Democratic Control, which became a prominent anti-war organization in Britain.

Ponsonby was defeated at the 1918 general election, when he stood as an "Independent Democrat" in the new Dunfermline Burghs constituency.[2] He then joined the Labour Party and returned to the House of Commons at the 1922 general election as member for the Brightside division of Sheffield.[2]

In 1924 Ramsay MacDonald appointed Ponsonby as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, and he later served as Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs and then as Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Transport in 1929.

The International Council of the War Resisters' International (WRI), meeting in Broederschapshuis (The Brotherhood House), Bilthoven, Netherlands in July 1938, during the Spanish Civil War. Ponsonby is pictured standing far right in the photograph. Click on the image for further details of people in the photograph.

In 1930 Ponsonby was raised to the peerage with as a hereditary Baron, taking the title Lord Ponsonby of Shulbrede from his home at Shulbrede Priory in Sussex. He served as leader of the Labour Party in the House of Lords from 1931 until 1935, resigning because he was opposed to the party's policy on sanctions against Italy for its invasion of Abyssinia.

In 1927-1928 Ponsonby ran a significant Peace Letter campaign against British preparations for a new war, and from 1936 he was an active member of the Peace Pledge Union, contributing regularly to Peace News.

Ponsonby opposed the initiative of Lord Charnwood and Cosmo Gordon Lang, Archbishop of Canterbury, to ask his Majesty's Government to react against the genocidal Holodomor policies of the Soviet Government.[3][4]

Resignation[edit]

In May 1940 Ponsonby resigned from the Labour Party, opposing its decision to join the new coalition government of Winston Churchill.

He wrote a biography of his father which won the James Tait Black Memorial Prize in 1942: Henry Ponsonby, Queen Victoria's Private Secretary: His Life and Letters.

Death[edit]

Ponsonby died on 23 March 1946 and was succeeded by his son Matthew Henry Hubert Ponsonby.

Personal life and family[edit]

On 12 April 1893 he married Dorothea Parry, daughter of Hubert Parry and Elizabeth Maude Herbert (1851–1933), herself a daughter of Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea. They had one son, Matthew, and a daughter, Elizabeth, who during the 1920s became well known as a leading figure of the Bright Young People.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hiram Johnson in U. S. Senate, 1918, quoted in The Quote Verifier: Who Said What, Where, and When, by Ralph Keyes, Macmillan, p. 228, 2006, ISBN 0-312-34004-4
  2. ^ a b Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd edition ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 
  3. ^ In the Parliament, in The Times dated July 26, 1934
  4. ^ "Russia, vol 93 cc1097-117". Hansard 1803–2005 Lords Sitting. 25 July 1934. Retrieved 9 January 2013. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Court offices
Preceded by
Albert Wellesley
Page of Honour
1882–1887
Succeeded by
Victor Wellesley
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Member of Parliament for Stirling Burghs
1908–1918
Constituency abolished
Preceded by
Sir Tudor Walters
Member of Parliament for Sheffield Brightside
19221930
Succeeded by
Fred Marshall
Political offices
Preceded by
Ronald McNeill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
1924
Succeeded by
Ronald McNeill
Preceded by
The Earl of Plymouth
Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs
1929
Succeeded by
William Lunn
Preceded by
The Earl Russell
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Transport
1929–1931
Succeeded by
John Allen Parkinson
Preceded by
Clement Attlee
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1931
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Lothian
Party political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Parmoor
Leader of the Labour Party in the House of Lords
1931–1935
Succeeded by
The Lord Snell
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
Fenner Brockway
Chair of War Resisters' International
1934–1937
Succeeded by
George Lansbury
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Ponsonby of Shulbrede
1930-1946
Succeeded by
Matthew Henry Hubert Ponsonby