Lachin

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Laçın
Berdzor
Berdzor
Laçın is located in Azerbaijan
Laçın
Laçın
Coordinates: 39°38′27″N 46°32′49″E / 39.64083°N 46.54694°E / 39.64083; 46.54694
Country De jure Azerbaijan
De facto Nagorno-Karabakh
District
Province
Lachin
Kashatagh
Government
 • Mayor Arthur Sahakyan[1]
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,200
Time zone UTC (UTC+4)

Lachin (Azerbaijani: Laçın, Armenian: Բերձոր Berdzor, Kurdish: Laçîn; also Abdallyar, Datschin) or Berdzor is a town in the de facto independent unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, province center of the Kashatagh Province. For the government of Azerbaijan, it is the regional center of the occupied Lachin Rayon. Since 1992 the area has been under the control of NKR, which has renamed the town Berdzor.[2] The town and its surrounding region serve as the strategic Lachin corridor connecting the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic with Armenia.

History[edit]

Lachin was known as Abdalyar until 1923.[3][4] On 15 May 1992, during the Nagorno-Karabakh War, Lachin was invaded by the Armenian military forces, opening the first land-corridor to Armenia.[5] Previously, on May 13, 1992 Turkey threatened Armenia that, "It would intervene militarily if Shusha and Lachin were not restored to Azerbaijan".[6] Russia responded by signing a military agreement with Armenia, pledging military aid if its security was threatened. On May 20, 1992, Turkey reassured Russia, that it would not intervene militarily.[6] Thus, after three years of blockade, a land bridge linking the Republic of Armenia with the territory of Nagorno Karabakh was established. In the fall of 1992, Azerbaijani forces tried to regain control over Lachin, but were repulsed. All of Lachin's Azerbaijani and Kurdish population fled as a result of the fall of the region to Armenian armed forces.

Demographics (1989)[edit]

Kurds[edit]

In the early 1920s, Vladimir Lenin's letter to Narimanov "had implied that Lachin was to be included in Azerbaijan, but the authorities in Baku and Yerevan were given promises that were inevitably contradictory."[7] The town of Lachin on July 7, 1923, became the capital of Kurdistan Uyezd often known as Red Kurdistan. It was dissolved on April 8, 1929: Kurdish schools and newspapers were closed.[8] According to Bushkapin[who?], official statistics from 1931 show that there were 3,322 Kurdish speakers in Lachin. These figures did not include those individuals who did not speak Kurdish but nonetheless defined themselves as Kurds.[citation needed] Most of the Kurdish population in Lachin were Shi'a Muslims and there was a Kurdish minority in the area before the Nagorno-Karabakh War started.

Terrain[edit]

The town is scenically built on the side of a mountain on the left bank of Akera River.[9]

Nagorno-Karabakh war[edit]

An Armenian monument in Berdzor commemorating the Nagorno-Karabakh War

Lachin town and the surrounding rayon were the location of severe fighting during the 1990-1994 Nagorno-Karabakh war, and the town has not wholly recovered from the destruction of that war. Lachin is the most important town under Armenian control because of the Lachin corridor, which attaches Armenia to Nagorno-Karabakh. The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe Minsk Group co-chairs noted that "Lachin has been treated as a separate case in previous negotiations." This is because Lachin is Nagorno Karabakh's humanitarian and security corridor. Without it, Nagorno-Karabakh would remain an isolated enclave. The Lachin corridor and the Kelbajar district have been at the center of Armenian demands during the Nagorno-Karabakh peace talks with Azerbaijan.[10]

Administrative divisions and sister cities[edit]

Berdzor is the capital of Kashatagh Province.[11]

Berdzor is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Բերձոր քաղաքի համայնքապետի հաշվետվություն
  2. ^ Holding, Nicholas (2006). Armenia with Nagorno Karabagh, 2nd: The Bradt Travel Guide. Guilford, Connecticut: Globe Pequot Press, p. 208. ISBN 1-84162-163-3.
  3. ^ Karapetian, Samvel. Armenian Cultural Monuments in the Region of Karabagh. Yerevan: Gitutiun Publishing House, 2001, p. 169.
  4. ^ Map of Armenia and Adjacent Countries by H. F. B. Lynch and F. Oswald in Armenia, Travels and Studies. London: Longmans, 1901.
  5. ^ Baev, Pavel K. The Russian Army in a Time of Troubles. International Peace Research Institute, 1996, p. 124. ISBN 0-7619-5187-3.
  6. ^ a b A Study of Crisis, by Michael Brecher, Jonathan Wilkenfeld, 1997, p. 565
  7. ^ Alexandre Bennigsen and S. Enders Wimbush. Muslims of the Soviet Empire. C. Hurst & Co Publishers, 1986, pp. 202, 286. ISBN 1-85065-009-8.
  8. ^ Soviet Kurds Face Loss of Their Identity, by Catherine Cosman, Director, Helsinki Watch Washington, New York Times, May 13, 1991/June 2, 1991.
  9. ^ Great Soviet Encyclopedia
  10. ^ CountryWatch - Interesting Facts Of The World
  11. ^ Serop From Syria Starts Anew in Berdzor: "Rich or poor, it's the homeland"
  12. ^ "Azerbaijan Protests California Town’s Recognition of Nagorno-Karabakh." RIA Novosti. December 6, 2013.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°38′N 46°33′E / 39.633°N 46.550°E / 39.633; 46.550