Leaders of South Vietnam

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Flag of the President of South Vietnam as Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces.
The Office of the President of Republic of Vietnam in Independence Palace, Saigon, South Vietnam.

This is a list of leaders of South Vietnam, since the establishment of the Autonomous Republic of Cochinchina in 1946 until the fall of the Republic of Vietnam in 1975, and the reunification of Vietnam in 1976.

Color keys[edit]

South Vietnamese political parties – color keys:

Heads of state[edit]

No.
[note 1]
Picture Name
(birth–death)
Took office Left office Affiliation
Chiefs of the State of Vietnam
(1949–1955)
1 1 Bao Dai 1953.jpg Bảo Đại
(1913–1997)
13 June 1949 30 April 1955 Independent
Ngo Dinh Diem - Thumbnail - ARC 542189.png Ngô Đình Diệm
(1901–1963)
30 April 1955 26 October 1955 Cần Lao Party
Presidents of the Republic of Vietnam
(1955–1975)
1 2 Ngo Dinh Diem - Thumbnail - ARC 542189.png Ngô Đình Diệm
(1901–1963)
26 October 1955 2 November 1963 Cần Lao Party
2 3
Dương Văn Minh
(1916–2001)
2 November 1963 30 January 1964 Military
3 4
Nguyễn Khánh
(1927–2013)
30 January 1964 8 February 1964 Military
2 3
Dương Văn Minh
(1916–2001)
8 February 1964 16 August 1964 Military
3 4
Nguyễn Khánh
(1927–2013)
16 August 1964 27 August 1964 Military
Flag of the South Vietnamese Army.jpg Provisional Leadership Committee 27 August 1964 8 September 1964 Military
2 3
Dương Văn Minh
(1916–2001)
8 September 1964 26 October 1964 Military
Phan Khắc Sửu
(1893–1970)
26 October 1964 14 June 1965 Independent
4 5 Nguyen Van Thieu 1967.jpg Nguyễn Văn Thiệu
(1923–2001)
14 June 1965 25 May 1969 Military
4 5 25 May 1969 21 April 1975 National Social Democratic Front
5 6
Trần Văn Hương
(1902–1982)
21 April 1975 28 April 1975 Independent
2 3
Dương Văn Minh
(1916–2001)
28 April 1975 30 April 1975 Military
Chairman of the Consultative Council of the Provisional Revolutionary Government
(1975–1976)
1 7
Nguyễn Hữu Thọ
(1910–1996)
30 April 1975 2 July 1976 National Liberation Front

Heads of government[edit]

No.
[note 2]
Picture Name
(birth–death)
Took office Left office Affiliation
Prime Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Cochinchina
(1946–1948)
1 1
Nguyễn Văn Thinh
(1888–1946)
1 June 1946 10 November 1946 Cochinchinese Democratic Party
2  2
Lê Văn Hoạch
(1896–1978)
29 November 1946 29 September 1947 Independent
3 3
Nguyễn Văn Xuân
(1896–1978)
8 October 1947 27 May 1948 Military
Prime Ministers of the Provisional Central Government
(1948–1949)
3 3
Nguyễn Văn Xuân
(1892–1989)
27 May 1948 14 June 1949 Military
Prime Ministers of the State of Vietnam
(1949–1955)
1 6 Bao Dai 1953.jpg Bảo Đại
(1913–1997)
14 June 1949 21 January 1950 Independent
2 7
Nguyễn Phan Long
(1889–1960)
21 January 1950 26 April 1950 Constitutional Party
3 8
Trần Văn Hữu
(1896–1984)
27 April 1950 6 June 1952 Independent
4 9
Nguyễn Văn Tâm
(1893–1990)
6 June 1952 17 December 1953 Kuomintang
5 10
Nguyễn Phúc Bửu Lộc
(1914–1990)
12 January 1954 16 June 1954 Independent
Phan Huy Quat.jpg Phan Huy Quát
(1908–1979)
12 January 1954 16 June 1954 Nationalist Party
6 11 Ngo Dinh Diem - Thumbnail - ARC 542189.png Ngô Đình Diệm
(1901–1963)
26 June 1954 26 October 1955 Cần Lao Party
Prime Ministers of the Republic of Vietnam
(1955–1975)
1 12
Nguyễn Ngọc Thơ
(1908–present)
4 November 1963 30 January 1964 Independent
2 13
Nguyễn Khánh
(1927–2013)
8 February 1964 29 August 1964 Military
Nguyễn Xuân Oánh
(1921–2003)
29 August 1964 3 September 1964 Independent
2 13
Nguyễn Khánh
(1927–2013)
3 September 1964 4 November 1964 Military
3 14
Trần Văn Hương
(1902–1982)
 4 November 1964  28 January 1965 Military
Nguyễn Xuân Oánh
(1921–2003)
28 January 1965 15 February 1965 Independent
4 15 Phan Huy Quat.jpg Phan Huy Quát
(1908–1979)
16 February 1965 8 June 1965 Nationalist Party
5 16 Nguyen Cao Ky 1967.jpg Nguyễn Cao Kỳ
(1930–2011)
19 June 1965 31 October 1967 Military
6 17
Nguyễn Văn Lộc
(1922–present)
31 October 1967 17 May 1968 Military
3 14
Trần Văn Hương
(1902–1982)
 28 May 1968  25 May 1969 Military
3 14  25 May 1969  1 September 1969 National Social Democratic Front
7 18
Trần Thiện Khiêm
(1925–present)
 1 September 1969 4 April 1975 National Social Democratic Front
8 19 Nguyen Ba Can (1968).jpg Nguyễn Bá Cẩn
(1930–2009)
 4 April 1975 24 April 1975 Democratic Party
9 20
Vũ Văn Mẫu
(1914–1998)
 28 April 1975 30 April 1975 Forces for National Reconciliation
Chairman of the Provisional Revolutionary Government
(1975–1976)
1 21
Huỳnh Tấn Phát
(1913–1989)
30 April 1975 2 July 1976 National Liberation Front

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ These numbers are not official. The "—" denotes acting head of state.
  2. ^ These numbers are not official. The "—" denotes acting head of government.

External links[edit]