Lemonade is a lemon-flavored drink. In different parts of the world, the name has different meanings. In North America, lemonade is usually made from lemon juice, water, and sugar and is often home-made. In the United Kingdom and some other English-speaking countries, lemonade is a commercially-produced, lemon-flavored, carbonated, sweetened soft drink (known as lemon-lime in North America). Although lemonade is usually non-alcoholic, in recent years alcoholic versions of lemonade (called "hard lemonade") have become popular in various countries.
Basic recipe 
In the United States and Canada, lemonade is an uncarbonated drink made from squeezed lemon juice, water, and sugar. Slices of lemon are sometimes added to a pitcher as a garnish and further source of flavoring.
It can be made fresh from fruit, reconstituted from frozen juice, dry powder, or liquid concentrate, and colored in a variety of shades. It can also be frozen into a slush or Popsicle-type dessert. Artificially sweetened and artificially flavored versions are also popular.
Variations on this form of lemonade can be found in many countries. In India and Pakistan, where it is commonly known as limbu paani or nimbu paani, lemonade may also contain salt and/or ginger juice. Shikanjvi is a traditional lemonade from the India-Pakistan region and can also be flavored with saffron, garlic and cumin. In the Middle East, South Central Asia and elsewhere, rosewater is commonly used for flavouring lemonade. Extract of vanilla bean can also be used, alone or in combination with cherry syrup to add flavour to these beverages.
Pink lemonade and other variants 
Pink lemonade may be colored with the juices of raspberries, cherries, red grapefruit, grapes, cranberries, strawberries, grenadine, or artificial food dye. The pink-fleshed, ornamental Eureka lemon is commonly used as its juice is clear though it is sometimes thought to be too sour to drink.
The other citrus fruits, namely lime, orange, and grapefruit, have analogous preparations; there is also raspberryade. The citrus -ades are also mixed with one another as well as other fruits, spices, nuts, and the like to come up with a huge number of derivatives, of which the pink lemonades, raspberry lemonade, cherry lemonade, strawberry lemonade, cherry limeade, mint limeade, black cherry lemonade and lemon-limeade are most popular and which are bottled by companies for sale in many countries. Strawberry lemonade in slush form is distributed by chain restaurants like McDonald's as well. Bars, restaurants, and chains thereof such as the Sonic drive-thrus usually have materials on hand to make them on request as well; Sonic in particular has a large number of flavourings which can be combined with any of the base drinks. Peach lemonade is a popular example of a version that can be ordered or improvised by the drinker.
The New York Times credited Henry E. "Sanchez" Allott as the inventor of pink lemonade in his obituary, saying he had dropped in red cinnamon candies by mistake. Another theory, recorded by historian Joe Nickell in his book Secrets of the Sideshows, is that Pete Conklin first invented the drink in 1857 when he used water dyed pink from a horse rider's red tights to make his lemonade.
Lemonade in American culture 
In the US, lemonade is usually sold as a summer refresher. It is commonly available at fairs and festivals, known in some regions as a "lemon shakeup", with the shell of the squeezed lemon left in the cup. Lemonade was also the traditional mixer in a Tom Collins, but today it is commonly replaced by a bar mix.
Many children start lemonade stands in US and Canadian neighborhoods to make money in the summer months. The concept has become iconic of youthful summertime Americana to the degree that parodies and variations on the concept exist in many media. The computer game Lemonade Stand, created in 1979, simulates this business by letting players make various decisions surrounding a virtual stand. Some unlicensed lemonade stands have run afoul of health regulations.
Health benefits 
Daily consumption of 120 ml (4 imp fl oz; 4 US fl oz) of lemon juice per day, when mixed with two liters of water, has been shown to reduce the rate of stone formation in people susceptible to kidney stones. Lemons contain the highest concentration of citrate of any fruit, and this weak acid has been shown to inhibit stone formation.
Other countries 
In the United Kingdom, lemonade most often refers to a clear, carbonated, sweetened, lemon-flavored soft drink. In North America, this is known as lemon-lime soda. The suffix '-ade' in British English is used for several carbonated sweet soft drinks, such as limeade, orangeade or cherryade.
In the UK and other places the American-style drink is often called "traditional lemonade" or "homemade lemonade". Carbonated versions of this are also sold commercially as "cloudy" or "traditional" lemonade. There are also similar uncarbonated products, lemon squash and lemon barley water, both of which are usually sold as a syrup which is diluted to taste.
Lemonade in Ireland comes in three varieties, known as red, brown and white. Red lemonade is one of the most popular mixers used with spirits in Ireland, particularly in whiskey. Major brands of red lemonade include TK (formerly Taylor Keith), Country Spring, Finches and Nash's. Other brands include Maine, Yacht and C&C (Cantrell & Cochrane). The most common brands of brown lemonade in Northern Ireland are Cantrell & Cochrane (C&C) and Maine. C&C label this as "Witches Brew" in the weeks around Hallowe'en. There was an urban myth that European Union authorities had banned red lemonade but the truth was simply that they had banned a cancer-causing dye.
In Australia and New Zealand, lemonade usually refers to the clear, carbonated soft drink that other countries identify as having a lemon flavor such as Sprite. This standard, clear lemonade can be referred to as 'plain' lemonade and other colored (and flavored) soft drinks are sometimes referred to by their color such as "red lemonade" or "green lemonade".
In France, "citronade" is used to refer to American-style lemonade. "Limonade" refers to carbonated, lemon-flavoured, clear soft drinks. Sprite and 7 up are sometimes also called limonade. Pink lemonade made with limonade is called "diabolo". Limonade and grenadine is called a "diabolo-grenadine" and limonade with peppermint syrup a "diabolo-menthe". Limonade is also widely used to make beer cocktails such as "panaché" (half beer, half limonade) or "monaco" (panaché with added grenadine syrup).
Limonana, a type of lemonade made from freshly-squeezed lemon juice and mint leaves, is a widely popular summer drink in Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria. Limonana was created in the early 1990s in Israel after an advertising agency promoted the then-fictitious product to prove the efficacy of advertising on public buses. The campaign generated so much consumer demand that the drink began to be produced for real by restaurateurs and manufacturers, and became very popular.
See also 
- Jiggs Kalra, Pushpesh Pant, Classic cooking of Punjab, Allied Publishers, 2004, ISBN 978-81-7764-566-8, http://books.google.com/books?id=HHrUDlo0DfEC
- Julie Sahni, Indian regional classics: fast, fresh, and healthy home cooking, Ten Speed Press, 2001, ISBN 1-58008-345-5, 9781580083454, http://books.google.com/books?id=nmYgmJGR2vUC, "... Ginger Limeade (Shikanji) ..."
- "An Easy to Prepare Old Fashioned Southern Beverage Favorite". Soulfoodandsoutherncooking.com. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Inventor of pink lemonade dead." (PDF). New York Times. 1912-09-18. p. 11. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
- "Is it made from pink lemons?". Chow.com. 2007-10-30. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Fun at the Ohio State Fair.. In Search of the Perfect Lemon Shake Up". Cmhgourmand.wordpress.com. 2007-08-05. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- Jung, Helen (August 4, 2010), Portland lemonade stand runs into health inspectors, needs $120 license to operate, OregonLive
- "Five Ways to Prevent Kidney Stones" (Press release). UC San Diego. April 22, 2010. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
- "Mixers: red lemonade". Liquid Irish. 2008-08-29. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Cantrell: Our Brands: TK Soft Drinks. Brand story". Archived from the original
|url=(help) on 2006-08-27.
- "Straight bananas: How Euromyths bend the truth". Irish Independent. Tuesday April 25, 2000.
- "Limonana: Not your average lemonade". Zomppa. 29 August 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- Martinelli, Katherine (11 July 2011). "Limonana: Sparkling Summer". Jewish Daily Forward. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- Siegal, Lilach (29 May 2001). "לימונענע וירטואלית" [Virtual Limonana]. The Marker (in Hebrew). Retrieved 28 May 2012.
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- Of the Street Sale of Ginger-Beer, Sherbet, Lemonade,&C., from London Labour and the London Poor, Volume 1, Henry Mayhew, 1851; subsequent pages cover the costs and income of street lemonade sellers.
- Nimbu pani/panakam recipe
- Vanilla lemonade recipe