Leonid Nevzlin by Anton Nossik
21 September 1959 |
Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Residence||Herzliya, Tel Aviv District, Israel|
|Alma mater||Gubkin Institute of Oil and Gas|
|Occupation||Association with Yukos|
Leonid Borisovich Nevzlin (Russian: Леони́д Бори́сович Не́взлин; Hebrew: לאוניד בוריסוביץ' נבזלין, born 21 September 1959) is a Russian-born Israeli business magnate. Nevzlin was a high ranking executive at Yukos, once a Russian oil firm before it was extinguished by the Russian government. That government is requesting his extradition due to hotly disputed criminal allegations against him and other former executives in Yukos. In 2008 he was tried in absentia and found guilty of several counts of conspiracy to murder and sentenced to life imprisonment. Nevzlin called the court case a show trial orchestrated by Vladimir Putin 
Early life and education
Nevzlin worked for the Soviet Ministry of Geology. From 1981 to 1987, he was a software engineer in ZarubezhGeologia, an external trade organization of the then-Soviet Ministry of Geology. In 1987, he met Mikhail Khodorkovsky and became a Deputy Director in Center for Scientific and Engineering Creativity of Youths at Frunzensky Raion Committee of VLKSM (Центр научно-технического творчества молодежи "МЕНАТЕП" при Фрунзенском РК ВЛКСМ)
From 1989 to 1991 he worked as the President of Menatep Bank. In parallel he took Management and Marketing courses at the Plekhanov Institute. From 1991 to 1996 he occupied various high ranking positions at the Menatep Bank and Group Menatep. In April 1996, he became Vice President of Yukos at the time owned by Menatep.
Nevzlin participated in the Russian presidential election, 1996 helping to reelect Boris Yeltsin and was awarded Order of Friendship for his efforts. In September 1997-October 1998 Nevzlin served as first deputy general director of the Russian news agency ITAR TASS (keeping his Yukos positions). In April 1998 Nevzlin became the First Vice Chairman of Menatep board and in 1999 after the Bank Menatep's bankruptcy amidst the 1998 Russian financial crisis he became the First Vice Chairman of Yukos board.
From March to December 2001 Nevzlin served as president of the Russian Jewish Congress. He was a key player in Jewish historical and heritage research projects, including the establishment of the Moscow Jewish Cultural Center and the International Center for Russian and Eastern European Jewish Studies in Moscow. Moreover, Nevzlin contributed to numerous other Jewish educational programs developed in collaboration with World ORT, the Jewish Agency for Israel, where he serves on the Board of Governors, and the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee.
From November 2001 to March 2003 Nevzlin represented Mordovia as a senator in the Federation Council of Russia. From June to November 2003 he served as the Rector of the Russian State University for the Humanities.
Activities in Israel
Since moving to Israel, Nevzlin has expanded his philanthropic work. His first project in Israel was the creation of The Leonid Nevzlin Research Center for Russian and Eastern European Jewry located at Jerusalem's Hebrew University; similar centers also exist in Moscow, Vilnius and Kiev. Nevzlin has also established the NADAV Fund in partnership with Keren Hayesod – United Israel Appeal , which supports projects in Jewish studies and education, Israel-Diaspora relations and Jewish peoplehood.
In collaboration with the Israeli government, Nevzlin created a relief fund in 2004 to help preserve Beth Hatefutsoth, the Nahum Goldmann Museum of the Jewish Diaspora  in Tel Aviv, and was elected as chairman of its International Board of Governors. He also supports the Nevzlin Program for the Study of Jewish Civilization at Tel Aviv University. In addition, the NADAV Fund played a critical role in opening the International School for Jewish Peoplehood Studies at Beth Hatefutsoth.
On 12 June 2011, it was announced that Nevzlin had purchased a 20% stake in the Israeli newspaper Haaretz, for NIS 140m. Nevzlin's acquisition leaves the Schocken family with a 60 percent stake in the company. Nevzlin is the author of books "Человек с рублем" ("Man with rouble"; coauthored with Khodorkovsky) and "Public Relations - кому это надо?" (Public Relations - who needs them).
Nevzlin has married twice and has two daughters.
- Chelovek s rublem. (en: The man with the Rubel.), with Mikhail Khodorkovsky, Moscow: Menatep-Inform 1992, ISBN 978-5-7043-0575-0
- "Engineer Leonid Nevzlin". Engology. Retrieved 2013-01-10.
- Генпрокуратура: Невзлин организовывал убийства BBC 15 February 2008
- A Top Yukos Shareholder Is Charged With Murder The New York Times 24 June 2008
- BBC News, 1 August 2008, Yukos figure 'guilty of murders'
- Leonid Nevzlin collection of materials at Lenta (Russian)
- "Jerusalem Post - Breaking News". Jpost. 2013-01-03. Retrieved 2013-01-10.
- "Projects". Nadav fund. Retrieved 2013-01-10.
- "News - Beit Hatfutsot". BH. Retrieved 2013-01-10.
- Globes report on Nevzlin's investment in Ha'aretz