Linton, North Dakota

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Linton, North Dakota
City
Emmons County Courthouse in Linton - Dedicated, October 6, 1934 on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of Emmons County
Emmons County Courthouse in Linton - Dedicated, October 6, 1934 on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of Emmons County
Location of Linton, North Dakota
Location of Linton, North Dakota
Coordinates: 46°16′6″N 100°13′56″W / 46.26833°N 100.23222°W / 46.26833; -100.23222Coordinates: 46°16′6″N 100°13′56″W / 46.26833°N 100.23222°W / 46.26833; -100.23222
Country United States
State North Dakota
County Emmons
Government
 • Mayor Tim Volk
Area[1]
 • Total 0.75 sq mi (1.94 km2)
 • Land 0.75 sq mi (1.94 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,719 ft (524 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,097
 • Estimate (2013[3]) 1,067
 • Density 1,462.7/sq mi (564.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 58552
Area code(s) 701
FIPS code 38-46980
GNIS feature ID 1029917[4]
Highways US 83, ND 13
Website http://lintonnd.org/

Linton is a city in and the county seat of Emmons County, North Dakota, United States.[5] The population was 1,097 at the 2010 census.[6] When compared with the other 356 cities in North Dakota, Linton ranks in the top twelve percent based on the number of its residents. The city serves as a governmental, commercial and business hub for Emmons County.

A nearby historic site listed on the National Register of Historic Places is Sacred Heart Cemetery, Wrought-Iron Cross Site, in or near Linton.[7]

History[edit]

The 4th of July Celebration in Linton, 1907

Parade down Broadway, the year after the community was incorporated as a village
Item from "The City" column of The Bismark Tribune describing the day's festivities.[8]

In August 1898, land located in the geographic center of Emmons County in Section 7 of Township 132 North, Range 76 West, of the Fifth Principal Meridian, was surveyed and platted by W.E. Petrie into lots, streets and alleys[9] explicitly for the purpose of creating a seat for Emmons County. The site was named Linton, after George W. Lynn, who had settled in Emmons County in 1885. He was a farmer, lawyer, Emmons County's first States Attorney and for a while was the publisher of the Emmons County Free Press.[10] The plat was filed with the register of deeds on December 30, 1898. Linton was incorporated as a village on April 26, 1906; and incorporated as a city on April 6, 1914. Charles Patterson, editor of the Emmons County Republican, was Linton's first postmaster, having received his commission for the post in March 1899.[11]
Linton received its first connection via long-distance telephone in 1905 when the Northwestern Telephone Exchange Company established a line from Fargo to Bismark and created a branch line to Linton. At the same time Bismark was connected to the line of the South Dakota system so that each of the communities could communicate with each other in this way.[12]

Notable persons from Linton[edit]

The Hollywood agent Bill Daly, of Bill Daly Associates, was the manager for Lawrence Welk and the lightweight world boxing champion Carlos Ortiz,[13] among others. Daly was the nephew of Linton physician Dr. Rolly Hogue's daughter-in-law Kathleen Hogue.[14]

The creation of Linton[edit]

The first courthouse in Linton, built in 1901 and designed by Milton E. Beebe (1840-1922), architect, Fargo, North Dakota.[15]
The Stone Hotel c.1913, was owned and operated by Dr. Rolly Hogue and was considered to be "the most elaborately furnished" of the three in town and therefore "commanded the highest rates".[16] Dr. Hogue was also the owner of the local drug store and the physician of the family of the entertainer Lawrence Welk[17]

.

The creation of Linton was the result of a political dispute between residents in the northern half of Emmons County and those in the southern half. In 1885, two years after the county was officially organized, the county seat was in the town of Williamsport, which was located in the northern half of the county. The people in the southern half were upset because the county seat was so far away and most of the county leaders were from the north. Moreover, the northern part was more densely settled than the southern part, so this created problems when it came time to vote because the higher population numbers gave "Northerners" greater influence on issues. Eventually, it was decided to take a vote to see if residents favored dividing the county in two. If successful, the northern half would continue to be named Emmons—with Williamsport remaining the county seat—while the southern half would be named Winona with the town of Winona serving as the new county seat of government. When the votes were tallied, residents had decided against splitting the county. However this did not end the dispute, and the effort to move the seat of government from Williamsport to Winona continued. Three votes were taken during the 1880s and 1890s. The first two failed completely. The third resulted in a decision to move the county seat to the center of the county and create a new town, which eventually become the city of Linton. People in the North still wanted to keep the seat at Williamsport, however, so they preferred charges claiming that the election was "fraudulent and illegal",[18] and obtained a court injunction to prevent the move. Southerners became so incensed by this action that they went to Williamsport in January 1899 to take possession of the county records and transfer them to the new county seat. The men were armed, and they met no resistance and took the records, including, according to an account by then-constable John Bartu, a two-ton safe (this safe is now in the collection of the Emmons County Museum in Linton[19]). No charges were brought against the men, although the Williamsport interests succeeded in having the records brought back to their city and causing another election to be ordered which would require the approval of a majority of two-thirds of the voters to have Linton retain its position as county seat (this election was never held).[20] Although the records were brought back to Linton,[21] the case dragged on in the courts for several months, during which time it was expected that it would end up in the state supreme court.[22] The matter was finally settled when E.S. Allen, the attorney for the people of Williamsport, moved that the case be dismissed,[23] whereby the city of Linton prevailed and the seat of Emmons County has remained there ever since. As a result of losing its position as the county seat, and because the Northern Pacific Railway preferred the Linton location when they built a branch to the area in about 1897, Williamsport ceased to exist as a community by the early years of the 20th century.[24]
The community's oldest newspaper, The Emmons County Record, began publication in 1884 in Williamsport but was relocated to Linton by Darwin R. Streeter, its founder,[25] in 1899. Streeter continued as the newspaper's publisher until January 1914, at which time full control of it passed into the hands of his son Frank.[26] The newspaper has been published continuously since the time of its founding.[27]
The site of the city that was Williamsport is now under water because a dam was built.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 644
1920 1,011 57.0%
1930 1,192 17.9%
1940 1,602 34.4%
1950 1,675 4.6%
1960 1,826 9.0%
1970 1,695 −7.2%
1980 1,561 −7.9%
1990 1,410 −9.7%
2000 1,321 −6.3%
2010 1,097 −17.0%
Est. 2013 1,067 −2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[28]
2013 Estimate[29]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,097 people, 557 households, and 316 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,462.7 inhabitants per square mile (564.8 /km2). There were 642 housing units at an average density of 856.0 per square mile (330.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.2% White, 0.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.5% of the population.

There were 557 households of which 18.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 4.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.3% were non-families. 40.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.97 and the average family size was 2.62.

The median age in the city was 54 years. 17.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 3.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 16.1% were from 25 to 44; 29.9% were from 45 to 64; and 32.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,321 people, 613 households, and 386 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,791.4 people per square mile (689.2/km²). There were 701 housing units at an average density of 950.6 per square mile (365.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.17% White, 0.23% Native American, 0.38% Asian, and 0.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.68% of the population.

There were 613 households out of which 24.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.74.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 20.1% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 31.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 89.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,750, and the median income for a family was $33,203. Males had a median income of $26,339 versus $14,355 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,661. About 10.8% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 29.6% of those age 65 or over.

Early views of Linton[edit]

Geography and climate[edit]

Linton is located at 46°16′6″N 100°13′56″W / 46.26833°N 100.23222°W / 46.26833; -100.23222 (46.268360, -100.232110).[30]

Another method of locating Linton is by tracing the intersection of US Highway 83 and ND Highway 13.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.75 square miles (1.94 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate data for Linton, North Dakota (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 22.0
(−5.6)
27.8
(−2.3)
40.0
(4.4)
57.2
(14)
69.5
(20.8)
78.2
(25.7)
85.0
(29.4)
83.1
(28.4)
72.6
(22.6)
58.4
(14.7)
39.2
(4)
27.8
(−2.3)
55.1
(12.8)
Average low °F (°C) 0.2
(−17.7)
6.2
(−14.3)
18.6
(−7.4)
30.2
(−1)
43.1
(6.2)
52.2
(11.2)
58.1
(14.5)
55.5
(13.1)
44.9
(7.2)
31.6
(−0.2)
17.8
(−7.9)
7.0
(−13.9)
30.4
(−0.9)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.30
(7.6)
0.38
(9.7)
0.53
(13.5)
1.07
(27.2)
2.61
(66.3)
2.74
(69.6)
2.65
(67.3)
2.10
(53.3)
1.34
(34)
1.33
(33.8)
0.44
(11.2)
0.32
(8.1)
15.82
(401.8)
Snowfall inches (cm) 5.8
(14.7)
4.8
(12.2)
4.5
(11.4)
2.5
(6.4)
0.3
(0.8)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.8
(2)
4.6
(11.7)
4.4
(11.2)
27.7
(70.4)
Source: NOAA[31]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-14. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-14. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-02. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  7. ^ "National Register of Historic Places - Multiple Property Documentation Form - German-Russian Wrought Iron Cross Sites, Central North Dakota". The National Park Service. Retrieved 2014-09-07. 
  8. ^ "THE CITY - The Fourth at Linton". The Bismark Tribune: 5. July 7, 1907. 
  9. ^ "Emmons County, North Dakota - History and Stories of Williamsport". The USGenWeb Project. Retrieved 2014-08-31. 
  10. ^ [1]. Linton, North Dakota History - Linton's History by Historian, Ellen Woods. Centennial July 2–4, 1999. Retrieved 10/2/2009
  11. ^ UPI (March 18, 1899). "THE CITY". The Bismark Tribune: 3. 
  12. ^ UPI (July 5, 1905). "Long Distance Phones". The Bismark Tribune: 3. 
  13. ^ UPI (June 3, 1967). "CONSIDER BOUT". The Traverse City Record-Eagle: 11. 
  14. ^ Case, Jack E. (September 22, 1956). "BROWSING AROUND - Larry's Ladies". The Bismark Tribune 83 (227): 1. 
  15. ^ "Proposals for Court House". The Bismark Tribune: 4. November 30, 1900. 
  16. ^ "LINTON - The Town with a Splendid Past and a More Brilliant Future. A Place of Good Homes and Industrious People and Boosting Business Men". The Bismark Tribune: 5. June 5, 1914. 
  17. ^ "Finding Aid to the Rolly and Pat Hogue’s Lawrence Welk Collection". NDSU - Institute for Regional Studies & University Archives - North Dakota State University Archives. Retrieved 2014-08-31. 
  18. ^ "COUNTY SEAT MOVED - Some Emmons County People Reported to Have Forcibly Moved Records to Linton - Too Impatient to Brook Such Obstacles as the Formality of the Law - An Unexpected Development in the Fight Between Williamsport and Linton - Moved it Anyway". The Bismark Tribune: 3. January 27, 1899. 
  19. ^ "Explore the Emmons County Museum". lintonnd.org. Retrieved 2014-09-01. 
  20. ^ "NEW ELECTION - New Election for the Location of the County Seat Ordered in Emmons County". The Bismark Tribune: 3. November 2, 1899. 
  21. ^ "COUNTY SEAT GOES TO LINTON". The Bismark Tribune: 3. February 8, 1899. 
  22. ^ "COURT IN EMMONS - Judge Winchester Leaves to Hold the Regular June Term of Court". The Bismark Tribune: 3. June 12, 1900. 
  23. ^ "COUNTY SEAT - CONTEST OVER THE COUNTY SEAT IN EMMONS COUNTY IS FINALLY SETTLED AND COUNTY SEAT REMAINS IN LINTON". The Bismark Tribune: 3. June 14, 1900. 
  24. ^ [2] Based on an interview with John A. Bartu by Leonard Jellema, extracted from The USGenWebProject, Emmons County North Dakota. Retrieved 11/3/2009
  25. ^ Hennessy, W.B. (1910). History of North Dakota, Embracing a Relation of the History of the State from the Earliest Times Down to the Present Day, Including Biographies of the Builders of the Commonwealth. Bismark: The Bismark Tribune. pp. 104–105. 
  26. ^ Streeter, Darwin R. (January 16, 1914). "Editor Streeter Says Goodbye - Hon. D.R. Streeter, Pioneer Editor, for Thirty Years Editor of the Emmons County Record Lays Down the Pen in Favor of His Son and Retires From Active Life". The Bismark Tribune: 4. 
  27. ^ "Archives - Newspapers - Emmons County - Linton". State Historical Society of North Dakota. Retrieved 2014-03-02. 
  28. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved January 21, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 2, 2014. 
  30. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  31. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 4, 2013. 

External links[edit]