Mountrail County, North Dakota

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For the US Navy ship, see USS Mountrail (APA-213).
Mountrail County, North Dakota
Map of North Dakota highlighting Mountrail County
Location in the state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location in the U.S.
Founded January 4, 1873
1892 (eliminated)
1909 (reestablished)
Seat Stanley
Largest city New Town
Area
 • Total 1,941 sq mi (5,027 km2)
 • Land 1,824 sq mi (4,724 km2)
 • Water 117 sq mi (303 km2), 6.04%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 9,376
 • Density 3/sq mi (1/km²)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Mountrail County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,673.[1] Its county seat is Stanley.[2]

History[edit]

Mountrail County was first established in 1873 (as Mountraille County) by the Dakota Territorial Legislature, but the boundaries were different from what they are today, extending from the Missouri River north to the border with Canada.[3][4] It remained a county when North Dakota became a state in 1889, but in 1892 North Dakota Legislature authorized neighboring Ward County to take over all of Mountrail's territory, and the county was eliminated.[3] At the November 3, 1908, general election, a vote was held in Ward County on whether to recreate Mountrail with different boundaries.[3][5] The vote was 4,207 to 4,024 in favor of the new county, but North Dakota's Attorney General sued the Secretary of State over the validity of the vote, and the formation was delayed until the Supreme Court affirmed the vote in January 1909.[3][6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,941 square miles (5,030 km2), of which 1,824 square miles (4,720 km2) is land and 117 square miles (300 km2) (6.04%) is water.[7]

Mountrail County is one of several western North Dakota counties with significant exposure to the Bakken Formation in the Williston Basin.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 8,491
1920 12,140 43.0%
1930 13,544 11.6%
1940 10,482 −22.6%
1950 9,418 −10.2%
1960 10,077 7.0%
1970 8,437 −16.3%
1980 7,679 −9.0%
1990 7,021 −8.6%
2000 6,631 −5.6%
2010 7,673 15.7%
Est. 2013 9,376 22.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2013 Estimate[1]

As of the census of 2000, there were 6,631 people, 2,560 households, and 1,753 families residing in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 3,438 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.99% White, 0.09% Black or African American, 29.98% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 3.42% from two or more races. 1.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.1% were of Norwegian and 15.4% German ancestry.

There were 2,560 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.80% were married couples living together, 11.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.50% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.10% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 23.20% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 17.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,098, and the median income for a family was $31,864. Males had a median income of $24,750 versus $20,844 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,422. About 14.00% of families and 19.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.40% of those under age 18 and 18.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

  1. 2,363 - New Town
  2. 2,060 - Stanley
  3. 1,216 - Parshall
  4. 190 - Plaza
  5. 109 - Ross
  6. 91 - White Earth
  7. 82 - Palermo

2013 estimate population[9]

Note: all incorporated communities in North Dakota are called "cities" regardless of their size.

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 1, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d Long, John H. (2006). "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Dakota Territory Historical Counties: Interactive Map". Atlast of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. Retrieved 2010-07-06. 
  5. ^ "North Dakota Historical Counties: Interactive Map". Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. Retrieved 2010-07-06. 
  6. ^ STATE ex rel. McCue, Attorney General v. Blaisdell, Secretary of State, et al., 18 N.D. 31 (N.D. 1909).
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 1, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in North Dakota". United States Census Bureau. 2014-06-02. Retrieved 2014-06-02. 

Coordinates: 48°12′N 102°22′W / 48.20°N 102.37°W / 48.20; -102.37