Lisse

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Lisse
Municipality
Road through Lisse
Road through Lisse
Flag of Lisse
Flag
Coat of arms of Lisse
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Lisse in a municipal map of South Holland
Location in South Holland
Coordinates: 52°15′N 4°33′E / 52.250°N 4.550°E / 52.250; 4.550Coordinates: 52°15′N 4°33′E / 52.250°N 4.550°E / 52.250; 4.550
Country Netherlands
Province South Holland
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Lies Spruit (PvdA)
Area[2]
 • Total 16.05 km2 (6.20 sq mi)
 • Land 15.69 km2 (6.06 sq mi)
 • Water 0.36 km2 (0.14 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 1 m (3 ft)
Population (May 2014)[4]
 • Total 22,400
 • Density 1,428/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
Demonym Lissenaar or Lisser
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 2160–2163
Area code 0252
Website www.lisse.nl
Dutch Topographic map of Lisse, July 2013
Windmill in Lisse.

Lisse (About this sound pronunciation ) is a town and municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. The municipality covers an area of 16.05 km2 (6.20 sq mi) of which 0.36 km2 (0.14 sq mi) is water. Its population was 22,400 in 2014. Located within the municipal boundary is also the community De Engel.

History[edit]

The history of Lisse is closely related and similar to the neighboring towns of Hillegom and Sassenheim. Based on a document from 1198 which makes official mention of the town's name, Lisse celebrated its 800-year anniversary in 1998, although there is an indication that there was already a settlement there in the 10th century.

In the Middle Ages, Lisse was a small settlement; there were only 50 houses in 1500. Because of prolonged warfare (particularly the wars of Charles the Bold and the Eighty Years' War), poverty was prevalent. Its population lived from agriculture, animal husbandry, and peat harvesting.

In the 17th and 18th centuries, Lisse was, like Hillegom, home to many estates of rich merchants and nobility. The forests and gardens of the Keukenhof, Meerenburg, Wildlust, Zandvliet, Overduin en Akervoorde, Wassergeest, Grotenhof, Ter Specke, Dubbelhoven, Rosendaal, Veenenburg en Berkhout, Middelburg, Ter Beek, and Uytermeer estates all added to the town's beauty and glory.

Yet in the following centuries, every one of these estates (except Keukenhof) was removed to make way for the cultivation of bulb flowers. The sandy soil in Lisse's surroundings were highly suitable for its growth provided the soil was fertilized. The nearby dunes were excavated and forests cut down progressively over time for more fields for the flower business. This brought employment and prosperity to this area.

Floriculture centre[edit]

In the 20th century, the bulb flower business continued to boom, resulting in the establishment of auction and trading houses, large-scale cultivators and cooperatives. Today, Lisse exports bulbflowers in large quantities to over a hundred countries worldwide.

Located at the centre of the "Dune and Bulb Region" (Duin- en Bollenstreek), Holland's flower-growing region, Lisse is also a major tourist attraction. During the spring when the fields around Lisse are in a colourful bloom, hundreds of thousands of local and foreign tourists visit the area. Ironically, the only remaining estate that was not removed for flower cultivation (Keukenhof) became world-famous for its flower displays.

Tourism and attractions[edit]

The most popular attraction in Lisse is Keukenhof, open only during spring when the tulips are flowering. Also each spring a flower parade called the Bollenstreek Bloemencorso is held through the main streets of Lisse. In August the fantasy festival Castlefest is held in the gardens of Castle Keukenhof.

Other places of interest are the museums:

  • Huys Dever, a restored castle tower from the 14th century
  • Castle Keukenhof, part of the Keukenhof estate but open year-round
  • Museum De Zwarte Tulp (Black Tulip Museum), exhibiting the history of the Dutch' bulb-growing region

Sports[edit]

Lisse is the home of FC Lisse, a football team currently playing in the Zaterdag Topklasse. On May 3, 2008 FC Lisse sealed the championship of the 2007/2008 season in the Hoofdklasse A.

Notable people born in Lisse[edit]

Ria Van der Zon Brett Born 1948 RIP 1987. Medical Herbalist. Pioneer of treatments for drug addiction. Principal in Yoga School in Carlisle, England

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mw. A.W.M. (Lies) Spruit" (in Dutch). Gemeente Lisse. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 2161BS". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 

External links[edit]

Lisse