List of Asian folk music traditions

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This is a list of folk music traditions, with styles, dances, instruments and other related topics. The term folk music can not be easily defined in a precise manner; it is used with widely varying definitions depending on the author, intended audience and context within a work. Similarly, the term traditions in this context does not connote any strictly-defined criteria. Music scholars, journalists, audiences, record industry individuals, politicians, nationalists and demagogues may often have occasion to address which fields of folk music are distinct traditions based along racial, geographic, linguistic, religious, tribal or ethnic lines, and all such peoples will likely use different criteria to decide what constitutes a "folk music tradition". This list uses the same general categories used by mainstream, primarily English-language, scholarly sources, as determined by relevant statements of fact and the internal structure of works.

These traditions may coincide entirely, partially or not at all with geographic, political, linguistic or cultural boundaries. Very few, if any, music scholars would claim that there are any folk music traditions that can be considered specific to a distinct group of people and with characteristics undiluted by contact with the music of other peoples; thus, the folk music traditions described herein overlap in varying degrees with each other.

East Asia[edit]

Country Elements Dance Instrumentation Other topics
Hakka [1] bayin - gezaixi - shan'ge - tea-picking opera suona
Han [2] chuiguishou - funereal music - hua'er - Jingyan dagu - Nanguan ballad - pingtan - sheng-guan - sizhu - wedding music - Xi'an drum music bunso - yangge - yo dizi - lian - erxian - gaohu - guanzi - pipa - qin - sanxian - shawm - sheng - suona - xiao - yangqin - yunluo - zheng
Hoklo [1] beiguan - budaixi - gezaixi - nanguan dongxiao - erxian - pipa - sanxian - suona - yueqin quguan
Hui [3] hua'er
Japanese [4] danmono - gagaku - hikyoku - honkyoku - jigoe - kiyomoto - kouta - ma - matsuri-bayashi - min'yo - nogaku Bon Odori - shishi mai - shishi odori - Tankō Bushi biwa - fue - kotsuzumi - koto - nokan - otsuzumi - odaiko - okedo - sawari - shakuhachi - shamisen - shime-daiko - shinohue - shirabe - taiko - yosuke geisha - iemoto - Komuso - matsuri - suizen
Korean [5] chapka - min'yo - nongak - p'ansori - sanjo sinawi ajaeng - changgo - ching - haegum - kayagum - kkwaenggwari - komungo - p'iri - puk kyemonyonjo
Li [3] pole dance xylophone
Miao [3] lusheng flute - jaw harp - mouth organ
Naxi [3] Baisha xiyue - Dongjing music jizi - juelie - lengnong - qiben - suona
Okinawa [6] kachāshī - shima uta - umui eisa-daiko - zatsu odori sanshin - yonshin
Salar [3] hua'er


South Asia[edit]

Country Elements Dance Instrumentation Other topics
Baluchi [7] sorud - tanburag
Baul [8] dotara (lute) - ektara - khamak (pitched drum) - napur (ankle rattle)
Garo [9] horsehair fiddle - trumpet
Gujarati [10] dandiya [11]
Kashmiri [12] sarangi
Kerala [13] chenda melam - keli - Kuzhal Pattu - paandi melam - tayambaka chenda (barrel drum) - kombu (trumpet) - kuzhal (oboe) - maddalam (barrel drum)
Manipuri [14] Dhon Dholok Cholom - Pung Cholak - Rasa Lila - Sita Harana
Maria [15] bison-horn dance - wedding dance drum - flute
Murung [16] plung
Nepalese [17] panchai baja arbajo - barrel drum - jaw harp - kettle drum - maadal - sarangi - shawm gaine - damai
Newari [18] caca - jogi - malasri- Goon lā Lakhey - Pulukishi - Jyapu Pyaakhan barrel drum - Dhime - flute - nava dapha - naykhin - shawm - Bhusyaa bisket jatra
Punjabi [19] bhangra - dafjan - giddha bhangra dhol
Rajasthani [20] bhapang - kamayacha (fiddle) - khatal (castanets) - harmonium - jantar (zither) - murali (double clarinet) - pungi (double flute) - ravanhatha - sarangi - satara (double flute) - surnai (oboe) Bhopa - Jogi - Langa - Manganiyar - Sapera
Santal [21] chodro banam
Sri Lankan [22] cantiga - kaffirinha - Kolam - Nadagam - Sokari baila
Tamil Eelam, Tamil Nadu urumee melam - Nayandi melam - gaana Dappan koothu - Kummi - Kolattam -Kavadi attam- Poikkal Kudirai (dummy horse dance)

- Mayil Attam (peacock dance) - Puli Attam (tiger dance)

Urumee - Thavil - Tharrai Thappatai drum - tambourine - Nadaswaram - pullanguzhal (Carnatic flute) - Yaazh Ancient Tamil music - Music of Tamil Nadu - Music of Tamil Eelam
Uttar Pradesh [23] kajaris charkula


Southeast Asia[edit]

Country Elements Dance Instrumentation Other topics
Batak [24] gendan keteng-keteng - gondang bonang -kendbang - keteng-keteng - kulcapi - mangkuk - trompong
Cambodian [25] ayai - kam nap - pleing kar ramvong tro
Hmong [26] gaeng
Iban [27] gong
Indonesia [28] ketuk tilu - kroncong - langgam jawa ronggeng - tapanuli ogong cello - celumpung - flute - guitar - kecrek - kempul - kendhang - ketuk - kroncong - pelog - rebab - ronggeng - violin komedi stambul - pelog
Karen [29] flute - gong - xylophone - zither
Khmer [30] jariang - cho-kantrum - ruem-trosh ching - krab - tro
Filipino [31] kulintang - agung - rondalla - kundiman - gangsa - laji - gabbang tahta - luguh - lelling - kalangan - saunay singkil - pangalay bumayah - tinikling - janggay - asik - itik-itik - binasuan sublian - maglalatik banog salisid kadal tahaw - kadal blelah - karatong pagapir - kapa malong malong kulintang - agung - dabakan - kutiyapi - sarunai - suling - kubing - gangsa - guitar - biyula - gabbang - kubing - hegelung - violin - cello - octavina - rondalla - kendang - gambus
Lao [32] lam luang - lam phi fa - lam pun - lam tan san - lam tan yao - lam toei - mor khaen - mor lam - mor lam dio - mor lam mu - mor lam pee fah - sarup - soeng - tet lae - wai khru ching - khaen - khui - phin - ranat - so
Lun Bawang [33] bamboo band
Malaysian [34] asi - ronggeng - Dikir barat accordion - joget - zapin violin - gambus - Gendang - kompang - rebana - Seruling - Serunai - Biola - Rebab

- Beduk - Gedombak - Geduk - Gendang Jawa - Maruas - Jidur - Nahara - Angklung - Bonang - cak lempong - Canang - Pipa - YangQin - Sheng - erhu - Sitar - tampura - venna - dholo

Orang Ulu [35] keluré - sapé
Thai [36] bong lang - lam tad - likay - nang taloon - pii klong - pleng choi fon Ngan Wat
Vietnamese [37] ca tru - hat - hat chau van - hat cheo - hat noi - hat tuong - - gui thu - nhac dan toc cai bien - nhac tai tu - quan ho - roi nuoc [38] fan dance - múa nón (hat dance) - múa bài bông (lotus dance) - lantern dance - flag dance - platter dance - candle dance - incense dance đàn bầu - đàn đáy - đàn nguyệt - đàn tranh - đàn hồ - đàn nhị - đàn tam - đàn tứ - đàn gáo - đàn tỳ bà - đàn sến - đàn tam thập lục - kèn - sáo - tiêu - phách - sênh tiền - trống cơm - trống cái - trống đế - tơ rưng


Central and Northern Asia[edit]

Country Elements Dance Instrumentation Other topics
Armenian [39] ashoug kochare - shalako dhol - duduk - kanon
Azeri [40] Ashiq - tanbur balaban - daf - kemanche - tar - tulumzurna
Kazakh [41] akyn - kui dombra - qobuz - rubab - tanbur
Kyrgyz [42] kui - manaschi kyl kyyak - komuz - tanbur
Mongolian [43] bangnadyr - bogino-duu - borbannadir - chylandyk - duulah - epic song - ezengileer - ger - häälah - holboo - höömi - aman huur - kargiraa - long song - magtel - sigit - throat-singing - türleg - üliger - xöömi garuda dörvon chihtei huur - flute - huuchir - igil - ikil - jaw harp - limbe - morin huur - pyzanchy - shanz - shöör - toshpulur
Tajik [44] falak dutar - gidjak - setar - tanbur
Tibetan [45] hua'er - lhamo - lu sword dance dramnyen - dung chen - gyümang - lingbu - piwang - rag-dung - rgya-gling Ge-sar - Gelgpa
Turkish [46] türkü - uzun hava duduk - klemence - ney - saz - zurna Huseni
Turkmen [47] bakshy dutar - tanbur
Tuvan See Mongolian
Uighur
Uzbek [48] doira - dombra - dutar - gidjak - rubab - tanbur
Yakut [49] olonkho khomus


References[edit]

  • Broughton, Simon and Mark Ellingham (eds.) (2000). Rough Guide to World Music (First edition ed.). London: Rough Guides. ISBN 1-85828-636-0. 
  • Karolyi, Otto (1998). Traditional African & Oriental Music. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-023107-2. 
  • Killius, Rolf (2006). Ritual Music and Hindu Rituals of Kerala. B.R. Rhythms. ISBN 81-88827-07-X. 
  • Kinney, Troy and Margaret West (1935). The Dance: Its Place in Art and Life. Tudor Publishing. 
  • Manuel, Peter (1988). Popular Musics of the Non-Western World. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-505342-7. 
  • Philip V. Bohlman; Bruno Nettl, Charles Capwell, Thomas Turino and Isabel K. F. Wong (1997). Excursions in World Music (Second edition ed.). Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-230632-8. 
  • Fujie, Linda, James T. Koetting, David P. McAllester, David B. Reck, John M. Schechter, Mark Slobin and R. Anderson Sutton (1992). Jeff Todd Titan (Ed.), ed. Worlds of Music: An Introduction to the Music of the World's Peoples (Second Edition ed.). New York: Schirmer Books. ISBN 0-02-872602-2. 
  • "International Dance Glossary". World Music Central. Archived from the original on February 7, 2006. Retrieved April 3, 2006. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ying-fen, Wang, "From Innocence to Funny Rap", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 235 - 240
  2. ^ Jones, Stephen, "The East Is Red... And White", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 33 - 43; Rees, Helen, with Zhang Xingrong and Li Wei, "Sounds of the Frontiers", in the Rough Guide to World Musics, pg. 44 - 48; Karolyi, pg. 179
  3. ^ a b c d e Rees, Helen, with Zhang Xingrong and Li Wei, "Sounds of the Frontiers", in the Rough Guide to World Musics, pg. 44 - 48
  4. ^ Clewley, John, "The Culture Blender", pgs. 143 - 159; Karolyi, pg. 199; Fujie, Linda, "East Asia/Japan" in Worlds of Music, pgs. 318 - 375; World Music Central
  5. ^ Hwang, Okon and Andy Kershaw, "Our Life Is Precisely a Song", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 160 - 169
  6. ^ Clewley, John, "The Culture Blender", pgs. 143 - 159
  7. ^ Broughton, Simon, "Kings and Queens of the Road" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 146 - 158
  8. ^ Hunt, Ken and Simon Broughton, "Everything Is Left Behind" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 94 - 101
  9. ^ Hunt, Ken and Simon Broughton, "Everything Is Left Behind" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 94 - 101
  10. ^ Hunt, Ken and Simon Broughton, "Everything Is Left Behind" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 94 - 101
  11. ^ The Rough Guide refers to dandiya as on "folk-based"
  12. ^ Hunt, Ken and Simon Broughton, "Everything Is Left Behind" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 94 - 101
  13. ^ Hunt, Ken and Simon Broughton, "Everything Is Left Behind" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 94 - 101
  14. ^ World Music Central
  15. ^ Hunt, Ken and Simon Broughton, "Everything Is Left Behind" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 94 - 101
  16. ^ Hunt, Ken and Simon Broughton, "Everything Is Left Behind" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 94 - 101
  17. ^ Tingey, Carol, "The Hills Are Alive", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 196 - 202
  18. ^ Tingey, Carol, "The Hills Are Alive", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 196 - 202
  19. ^ World Music Central; Hunt, Ken and Simon Broughton, "Everything Is Left Behind" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 94 - 101
  20. ^ Hunt, Ken and Simon Broughton, "Everything Is Left Behind" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 94 - 101
  21. ^ Hunt, Ken and Simon Broughton, "Everything Is Left Behind" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 94 - 101
  22. ^ Ganhewa, Lalith, "Sounds of Serendipity", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 230 - 234
  23. ^ Hunt, Ken and Simon Broughton, "Everything Is Left Behind" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 94 - 101
  24. ^ Sutton, R. Anderson, "Asia/Indonesia" in Worlds of Music, pgs. 266 - 317
  25. ^ Clewley, John, "Heavenly Dancers", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 20 - 23
  26. ^ Clewley, John, "Beyond Our Khaen", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 170 - 174
  27. ^ Munan, Heidi, "Music at the Crossroads", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 175 - 182
  28. ^ Manuel, Popular Musics, pgs. 207, 213; Bass, Colin, "No Risk - No Fun!", in the Rough Guides to World Music, pg. 131 - 142
  29. ^ Clewley, John, "Songs for Living", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 241 - 253
  30. ^ Clewley, John, "Songs for Living", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 241 - 253
  31. ^ Munan, Heidi, "Music at the Crossroads", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 175 - 182
  32. ^ Clewley, John, "Beyond Our Khaen", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 170 - 174; Clewley, John, "Songs for Living", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 241 - 253
  33. ^ Munan, Heidi, "Music at the Crossroads", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 175 - 182
  34. ^ Munan, Heidi, "Music at the Crossroads", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 175 - 182
  35. ^ Munan, Heidi, "Music at the Crossroads", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 175 - 182
  36. ^ Clewley, John, "Songs for Living", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 241 - 253
  37. ^ Manuel, Popular Musics, pg. 200; Blackburn, Philip, "Ancient Rock Music", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 262 - 269
  38. ^ Blackburn notes that nhac dan toc cai bien is a form of "modernised folk music (that) has only been traditional since 1956, when the Hanoi Conservatory of Music was founded and the teaching of folk music was deliberately "improved" (quotes in original).
  39. ^ Hagopian, Harold, "The Sorrowful Sound" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 332 - 337
  40. ^ Sultanova, Razia and Simon Broughton, "Bards of the Golden Road", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 24 - 32
  41. ^ Sultanova, Razia and Simon Broughton, "Bards of the Golden Road", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 24 - 32
  42. ^ Sultanova, Razia and Simon Broughton, "Bards of the Golden Road", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 24 - 32
  43. ^ Includes the music of Tuva; Rees, Helen, with Zhang Xingrong and Li Wei, "Sounds of the Frontiers", in the Rough Guide to World Musics, pg. 44 - 48; Pegg, Carole, "Sixty Horses in My Herd", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 189 - 197
  44. ^ Sultanova, Razia and Simon Broughton, "Bards of the Golden Road", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 24 - 32
  45. ^ Rees, Helen, with Zhang Xingrong and Li Wei, "Sounds of the Frontiers", in the Rough Guide to World Musics, pgs. 44 - 48; Trewin, Mark, "Raising the Roof", in the Rough Guide to World Musics, pgs. 254 - 261; Karolyi, pgs. 176, 179
  46. ^ Manuel, Popular Musics, pgs. 163 - 165
  47. ^ Sultanova, Razia and Simon Broughton, "Bards of the Golden Road", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 24 - 32
  48. ^ Sultanova, Razia and Simon Broughton, "Bards of the Golden Road", in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 24 - 32
  49. ^ Broughton, Simon and Tatiana Didenko, "Music of the People" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 248 - 254