List of oil fields

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
USGS map of countries where oil is located.
An oil refinery in Mina-Al-Ahmadi, Kuwait

This list of oil fields includes some major oil fields of the past and present.

The list is incomplete; there are more than 65,000 oil and gas fields of all sizes in the world.[1] However, 94% of known oil is concentrated in fewer than 1500 giant and major fields.[2] Most of the world's largest oilfields are located in the Middle East, but there are also supergiant (>10 billion bbls) oilfields in India, Brazil, Mexico, Venezuela, Kazakhstan, and Russia.

Amounts listed below, in billions of barrels, are the estimated ultimate recoverable petroleum resources (proved reserves plus cumulative production), given historical production and current extraction technology. Oil shale reserves (perhaps 3 trillion barrels (4.8×1011 m3)) and Coal reserves, both of which can be converted to liquid petroleum, are not included in this chart. Other non-conventional liquid fuel sources are similarly excluded in this list.

Oil fields greater than 1 billion barrels (160 million cubic metres)[edit]

Field Location Discovered Started Production Peaked Recoverable Oil, Past and Future (Billion Barrels) Production (Million Barrels/day) Rate of Decline
Ghawar Field Saudi Arabia 1948[3] 1951[3] 2005,[4] disputed[5] 75-83[6][7] 5[8] 8% per year[citation needed]
Burgan Field Kuwait 1937 1948 2005[9] 66-72[6][7] 1.7[10] 14% per year[citation needed]
Ferdows/Mound/Zagheh Field Iran 2003 7-9 (38 Gb resource)[11]
Sugar Loaf field Brazil 2007 ~ 25-40[12] Not yet developed
Cantarell Field Mexico 1976 1981 2004[13] 35,[7] 18 billion recoverable .408 [14] peaked in 2004 at 2.14 million barrels per day (340,000 m3/d)[14]
Bolivar Coastal Field Venezuela 1917 1922 30-32[7] 2.6-3[7]
Azadegan field Iran 2004 26 (9 recoverable)[15]
Lula Field Brazil, Santos Basin 2007 5-8
Safaniya-Khafji Field Saudi Arabia/Neutral Zone 1951 30
Esfandiar Field Iran 30
Rumaila Field Iraq 1953 17[16] 1.3[16]
Tengiz Field Kazakhstan 1979 1993 2010 26-40[7] .53[7] Expanding from 285k to 1.3 m bpd [1]
Ahwaz Field Iran 1958 1970s[17] 10.1 .700[18] Expected to surpass original peak due to new gas injection.[2]
Kirkuk Field Iraq 1927 1934 8.5 0.480
Shaybah Field Saudi Arabia 15
Agha Jari Field Iran 1937 8.7 .200
Majnoon Field Iraq 1975 11-20[16] 0.5[16]
Samotlor Field Russia, West Siberia 1965 1969 1980[19] 14-16 0.844 [20] (cum. depletion: 73%) [20]
Romashkino Field Russia Volga-Ural 1948 1949 in decline 16-17 .301 (2006) [20] cum. depletion: 85% [20]
Prudhoe Bay United States, Alaska 1967-68 1977 1988 [21] 25 (~13 recoverable) 0.66 11% per year[citation needed]
Sarir Field Libya 1961 1961 12 (6.5 billion recoverable)
Priobskoye field Russia, West Siberia 1982 2000 13 0.680 (2008) 14% depleted, Production rapidly expanding.[22]
Lyantorskoye field Russia, West Siberia 1966 1979 13 0.168 (2004) [20] cum. depletion: 81% [20]
Abqaiq Field Saudi Arabia 12 0.43[23]
Chicontepec Field Mexico 1926 6.5 [14] (19 certified)[24]
Berri Field Saudi Arabia 12
Zakum Field Abu Dhabi, UAE 1965[25] 1967 12
West Qurna Field Iraq 1973 15-21 [16] 0.18-0.25 (pot.)*civil war [16]
Manifa Field Saudi Arabia 11
Fyodorovskoye Field Russia, West Siberia 1971 1974 11 1.9 (197x)
East Baghdad Field Iraq 1976 8 [16] 0-0.05 (pot.)*civil war [16]
Faroozan-Marjan Field Saudi Arabia/Iran 10
Marlim Field Brazil, Campos Basin in decline 10-14 8% per year[26]
Awali Bahrain 1
Aghajari Field Iran 14
Azadegan Field Iran 1999 5.2
Gachsaran Field Iran 1927 15
Marun Field Iran 16
Mesopotamian Foredeep Basin Kuwait 66-72
Minagish Kuwait 2
Raudhatain Kuwait 11
Sabriya Kuwait 3.8-4
Yibal Oman 1
Mukhaizna Oil Field Oman 1
Dukhan Field Qatar 2.2
Halfaya Field Iraq 4.1
Az Zubayr Field Iraq 6
Nahr Umr Field Iraq 6
Abu-Sa'fah field Saudi Arabia 6.1
Hassi Messaoud Algeria 9
Kizomba Complex Angola 2
Dalia (oil field) Angola 1
Belayim Angola >1
Zafiro Angola 1
Zelten oil field Libya 2.5
Agbami Field Nigeria 0.8-1.2
Bonga Field Nigeria 1.4
Azeri-Chirag-Guneshli Azerbaijan 1985 1997 5.4
Karachaganak Field Kazakhstan 1972 2.5
Kashagan Field Kazakhstan 2000 30 [27]
Kurmangazy Field Kazakhstan 6-7
Darkhan Field Kazakhstan 9.5
Zhanazhol Field Kazakhstan 3
Uzen Field Kazakhstan 7
Kalamkas Field Kazakhstan 3.2
Zhetybay Field Kazakhstan 2.1
Nursultan Field Kazakhstan 4.5
Ekofisk oil field Norway 1969 3.3
Troll Vest Norway 1.4
Statfjord Norway 1974 3.4
Gullfaks Norway 1978 2.1
Oseberg Norway 1979 1988 2.2 3.78
Snorre Norway 1.5
Mamontovskoye Field Russia 8
Russkoye Field Russia 2.5
Kamennoe Field Russia 1.9
Vankor Field Russia 1983 2009 3.8[28]
Vatyeganskoye Field Russia 1.4
Tevlinsko-Russkinskoye Field Russia 1.3
Sutorminskoye Field Russia 1.3
Urengoy group Russia 1
Ust-Balykskoe Field Russia >1
Tuymazinskoe Field Russia 3
Arlanskoye Field Russia >2
South-Hilchuy Field Russia 3.1
North-Dolginskoye Field Russia 2.2
Nizhne-Chutinskoe Field Russia 1.7
South-Dolginskoye Field Russia 1.6
Prirazlomnoye Field Russia 1.4
West-Matveevskoye Field Russia 1.1
Sakhalin Islands Russia 14
Odoptu Russia 1
Arukutun-Dagi Russia 1
Piltun-Astokhskoye Field Russia 1
Ayash Field East-Odoptu Field Russia 4.5
Verhne-Chonskoye Field Russia 1.3
Talakan Field Russia 1.3
North-Caucasus Basin Russia 1.7
Clair oilfield United Kingdom 1977 5 (1.75 recoverable)
Forties oilfield United Kingdom 1970 5
Jupiter field Brazil 7
Cupiagua/Cusiana Colombia 1
Boscán Field, Venezuela Venezuela 1.6
Pembina Canada 1953 1953
Swan Hills Canada
Rainbow Lake Canada
Hibernia Canada 1979 1997 3
Terra Nova Field Canada 1984 2002 1.0
Kelly-Snyder / SACROC United States, Texas 1.5
Yates Oil Field United States, Texas 1926 1926 1929 3.0 (2.0 billion recovered; 1.0 reserve remaining)[29][30]
Kuparuk oil field United States, Alaska 1969 6
Alpine United States, Alaska 0.4-1
East Texas Oil Field United States, Texas 1930 6
Spraberry Trend United States, Texas 1943 10[31]
Wilmington Oil Field United States, California 1932 3
South Belridge Oil Field United States, California 1911 2[32]
Coalinga Oil Field United States, California 1887 1
Elk Hills United States, California 1911 1.5[32]
Kern River United States, California 1899 2.5[32]
Midway-Sunset Field United States, California 1894 3.4[32]
Thunder Horse Oil Field United States, Gulf of Mexico >1
Kingfish Australia 1.2
Halibut Australia 1
Daqing Field China 1959 1960 16 cum. depletion: 90%
Jidong Field China 2.2
Tahe Field China 8
Nanpu Oil Field China 7.35

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Li Guoyu (2011), World Atlas of Oil and Gas Basins (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell), p. 20.
  2. ^ Ivanhoe, L. F, and G G. Leckie, -"Global oil, gas fields, sizes tallied, analyzed," Oil and Gas Journal. Feb. 15, 1993, pp. 87-91
  3. ^ a b "The Elephant of All Elephants". AAPG. 
  4. ^ Donald Coxe (2005-03-31). "Has Ghawar truly peaked?". 
  5. ^ "Another Day in the Desert" (PDF). 
  6. ^ a b "Oil Supply and Demand". 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "The List: Taking Oil Fields Offline". August 2006. 
  8. ^ Ghawar Field
  9. ^ "Burgan Field: Kuwait's Biggest Oil Field Starts to Run Out of Oil". 2005-11-12. 
  10. ^ Burgan Field
  11. ^ "Iran's oil bonanza and its problems". 
  12. ^ "Three supergiant fields discovered offshore Brazil". 
  13. ^ "Mexico Oil Production going down January 2007". 
  14. ^ a b c "Mexico Energy Data". Reuters. 2007-12-20. 
  15. ^ "Japan's Iran Dilemma and Oil". 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h "DOE: Iraq Energy Data". 2007-08-01. 
  17. ^ Blackwell Energy Research Oil and Energy Trends
  18. ^ "Iran Country Analysis Brief" (PDF). 2007-10-01. 
  19. ^ Alexander's Gas & Oil Connections - TNK to revive Samotlor oil field
  20. ^ a b c d e f "DOE: Russia Energy Data (data from 2006)". 2008-06-10. 
  21. ^ "Timeline: Alaska Pipeline Chronology". 
  22. ^ Alexander's Gas & Oil Connections - Yukos to double output from Priobskoye field
  23. ^ "The Impact of the Abqaiq Attack on Saudi Energy Security". 
  24. ^ "Mexico's northern region launches massive development - Pemex Exploration and Production - Statistical Data Included". World Oil. 2001. [dead link]
  25. ^ "United Arab Emirates - Persian Gulf". 
  26. ^ "New information on the Cambridge Energy analysis of world oil supplies". 
  27. ^ http://www.kmg.kz/index.cfm?tid=24
  28. ^ "Russia launches Vankor oilfield, eyes China market". Forbes. 2009-08-21. Retrieved 2009-08-22. [dead link]
  29. ^ University of Texas Oil Connections
  30. ^ NASA picture from space; barrel 2 billion from the field was filled in 1995
  31. ^ Top 100 Oil and Gas Fields (U.S. Department of Energy)
  32. ^ a b c d California Department of Conservation, Oil and Gas Statistics