List of sea captains
This is a list of sea captains. The list includes merchant ship's captains as well as naval ship's captains. It is limited to those notable in this role, and about which Wikipedia and Web have articles.
An English navigator who went to Japan and is believed to be the first Briton ever to reach Japan.
A Danish-born navigator in the service of the Russian Navy, captain-komandor Витус Ионассен Беринг. The first European to discover Alaska and its Aleutian Islands. The Bering Strait, the Bering Sea, Bering Island, Bering Glacier and the Bering Land Bridge are named for the explorer.
|Alexanderson, Leroy J.||United States||Yes||1910||2004|
|Acac, Rhyan Jay||Philippines||Yes||1890||1963|
|Bainbridge, William||United States||Yes||1774||1833|
|Barney, Joshua||United States||Yes||1759||1818|
|Barron, James||United States||Yes||1769||1851|
|Barron, Samuel||United States||Yes||1809||1888|
|Barry, John||United States||Yes||1745||1803|
Was a master mariner until he was found guilty of scuttling his ship and sentenced to twenty years transportation. At the time of his sentence he was married with seven children. He arrived in Western Australia on board the Hougoumont in January 1868.
An officer of the Royal Navy and a colonial administrator. The notorious mutiny occurred during his command of HMS Bounty in 1789; Bligh and his loyal men made a remarkable voyage to Timor, after being set adrift by the mutineers in the Bounty's launch.
|Borghese, Prince Junio Valerio Scipione||Italy||Yes||1906||1974|
|Brown, John Sea Captain
|Buchanan, Franklin||United States||Yes||1800||1874|
|Cabral, Pedro Álvares||Portugal||Yes||1467||1520|
Irish-born founder of the Uruguayan Navy.
An officer in the United States Navy
Genoese navigator, colonizer and explorer whose voyages across the Atlantic Ocean, funded by Queen Isabella of Spain, led to general European awareness of the American continents in the Western Hemisphere.
|Coram, Thomas||United Kingdom||Yes||1668||1751|
|Cushing, William B.
An officer in the United States Navy, best known for sinking the Confederate ironclad CSS Albemarle during a daring nighttime raid on October 27, 1864, a feat for which he received the thanks of Congress.
An American naval officer notable for his heroism in the First Barbary War and the Second Barbary War and in the War of 1812. He was the youngest man to reach the rank of captain in the history of the U.S. Navy, and the first American celebrated as a national military hero who had not played a role in the American Revolution.
|Drake, Francis||United Kingdom||Yes||Yes||c. 1540||1595|
British naval officer during the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars, whose excellent career was cut short when he was killed by a cannonball at the battle of Trafalgar.
Vice-Admiral FitzRoy achieved lasting fame as the captain of HMS Beagle during Charles Darwin's famous voyage, and as a pioneering meteorologist who made accurate weather forecasting a reality. He was an able surveyor and hydrographer and served as Governor of New Zealand from 1843 to 1845.
Master of the Great Eastern Railway's steamship Brussels, and he was shot by the Germans in 1916 after he used his ship to try and ram U-33. Sometime after the attempt the Germans lay in wait for his ship and captured him.
|da Gama, Estêvão
The second son of Vasco da Gama and brother of Cristóvão da Gama, and named after his paternal grandfather Estêvão da Gama.He commanded the fleet that entered the Red Sea, with the intent of attacking the Ottoman fleet in its harbor at Suez.
|da Gama, Cristóvão||Portugal||Yes||1516||1542|
|da Gama, Paulo
A Portuguese explorer, son of Estêvão da Gama and the older brother of Vasco da Gama, he took part on the first sea trip from Europe to India, led by his brother, commanding the ship São Rafael, which would be later scuttled in the return trip. Paulo da Gama joined the São Gabriel, but, already sick, died the day after his ship arrived at the Azores.
|da Gama, Vasco||Portugal||Yes||ca. 1460–1469||1524|
Italian patriot, sea captain, and soldier of the Risorgimento.
Served in the Imperial Japanese Navy before and during World War II, and was the strategist behind the successful December 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor. Considered one of the most successful naval strategists and leaders in the history of the Imperial Japanese Navy.
A German-born, Australian-Canadian lawyer, author, academic, and Master Mariner.
|Gower, Richard Hall
English mariner, empirical philosopher, nautical inventor, entrepreneur, and humanitarian.
|Hazelwood, Joseph||United States||Yes||1946|
|Jong, Piet de
An officer in the Royal Netherlands Navy. A veteran submarine commander of World War II. De Jong graduated from the Royal Netherlands Naval College in 1934 and joined the Royal Netherlands Navy Submarine Service and served on HNLMS O 24 during World War II, he ended the war as the commanding officer of that vessel, the HNLMS O 24 was one of the few Dutch submarines that survived the war. During his service in World War II he was awarded the Bronze Cross twice, the first time in 1934 and for the second time in 1940. He was also awarded the Distinguished Service Cross of the United Kingdom for his services during Second World War. After World War II De Jong continued to serve in the Royal Netherlands Navy, commanding two frigates and serving as aide-de-camp to Queen Juliana. He eventually rose to the rank of Captain but retired from active service in 1959. Later served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from April 5, 1967 until July 6, 1971.
A Commodore, in the United States Navy. During the mid-1790s, the young Hull commanded several merchant vessels, losing some to French privateers. He was commissioned a Lieutenant in the newly formed United States Navy in March 1798 and distinguished himself during the next two years while serving on board the frigate Constitution in the Quasi-War with France.
Began his career at sea in the Merchant Navy, then entered the Royal Navy in 1746. Shortly after his promotion to Lieutenant in 1755, Johnstone was court martialed for "insubordination and disobedience" however, his record of gallantry in combat taken into account, he was given a reprimand in 1757. He was promoted Captain in 1762, and Commodore in 1763. Later served as Member of Parliament.
|Jones, Catesby ap Roger||United States||Yes||1821||1887|
|Jones, John Paul||United States||Yes||Yes||1747||1792|
|Jones, Thomas ap Catesby
U.S. Navy Commodore during the War of 1812 and the Mexican-American War. He began his naval career during the War of 1812, receiving honors for bravery at the Battle of Lake Borgne, Louisiana, delaying the British before the Battle of New Orleans. In 1826, he signed a treaty with King Kamehameha III of the Sandwich Islands.
Japanese naval officer and statesman during the Late Tokugawa shogunate and the Meiji period. Kaishū was a nickname which he took from a piece of calligraphy (Kaishū Shooku 海舟書屋) by Sakuma Shōzan. His actual name was Rintarō.
|Le Lacheur, William
Guernsey Sea Captain widely credited in Costa Rica as having transformed the economy of this Central American country by establishing a direct regular trade route for Costa Rican coffee growers to the European market, thereby helping to establish the Costa Rican coffee trade.
An American anti-war activist. He was born in Exeter, New Hampshire. After graduating at Harvard in 1797 he took to the sea and came to be known as a capable New England captain. A disbeliever in war for any purpose, he turned landsman at the outbreak of the War of 1812 and devoted both his tongue and his pen to preaching non-resistance.
An American naval hero. During the War of 1812, he commanded the USS Chesapeake in a single-ship action against the HMS Shannon (commanded by Philip Broke). He is probably best known today for his dying command "Don't give up the ship!", which is still a popular naval battle cry.
American naval officer, most notably as commander of American naval forces in Lake Champlain during the War of 1812. One of the leading members of "Preble's Boys", a small group of naval officers who served during the First Barbary War, Macdonough's actions during the decisive Battle of Lake Champlain are often cited as a model of tactical preparation and execution.
|Maynard, Robert||United Kingdom||Yes|
|McClelland, Thomas||United States||Yes||1942|
Late 19th century American naval officer later serving in Chinese service as a naval advisor during the First Sino-Japanese War. Although primarily skilled as an instructor and administrator, he proved a talented tactician during the Battle of the Yalu as well as the first American to command a modern battleship in wartime.
Unlimited Oceangoing Shipmaster Senior Grade. Worldwide, oceangoing navigator and Captain. Master aboard Italian governmental merchant fleet's ships. Italian Line's Senior Captain. Panama Canal Honorary Pilot. Geodetic curves inventor and experimenter.
First African American to command a vessel in the United States Merchant Marine.
New England fishing schooner captain, noted for surviving a series of close calls at sea.
A British flag officer famous for his participation in the Napoleonic Wars. He served in the Royal Navy for most of his life and won a number of significant victories, most notably at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805, during which he lost his life.
|Nelson, William "Bull"
U.S. Navy officer and later a Union general in the American Civil War who commanded the Army of Kentucky. He holds the distinction of being the only naval officer to achieve the rank of major general on either side of the Civil War. He was shot and killed by a fellow Union general, Jefferson C. Davis, during an argument in 1862.
|de Neumann, Captain Bernard Peter
Awarded a George Medal for his actions during an air attack by the Luftwaffe; Charged and convicted of piracy after being captured aboard the RN Prize Criton by the Vichy French off Conakry; "The Man From Timbuctoo"; Instigator and overseer of the installation of the Thames Navigation Service.
Born in Chicago, sailed in the Merchant Navy and Royal Navy, working his way up from ordinary seaman to quartermaster and bosun's mate, continuing on to merchant captain.a Later worked as a flight navigator, and was a pioneer of aviation. Was last seen in Lae, New Guinea on 2 July 1937 and disappeared with Amelia Earhart somewhere over the western Pacific during their World Flight.
|John Parker (whaling master)
One of the most successful arctic whalers to sail from Hull in the nineteenth century and for many years captain of the whale ship Truelove. Captain Parker was one of those who helped in the unsuccessful search for Sir John Franklin's missing 1845 expedition to find the North West Passage. In 1847, shocked by the impoverished condition of the Inuit inhabitants of Baffin Island he brought two of them, Memiadluck and Uckaluk, to England in order to publicise their plight, raise money, enlist government support for their relief and to persuade the Moravian Church to send a missionary to the region.
|Pearson, Richard||United Kingdom||Yes||1731||1806|
A British naval officer. He fought during the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary, and the Napoleonic Wars. Pellew is remembered as an officer and a gentleman of great courage and leadership, earning his land and titles through courage, leadership and skill – serving as a paradigm of the versatility and determination of Naval Officers during the Napoleonic Wars. Pellew makes fictional appearances in the Horatio Hornblower novels.
|Perry, Matthew||United States||Yes||1794||1858|
|Perry, Oliver Hazard
Officer in the United States Navy. He served in the War of 1812 against Britain and earned the nickname "Hero of Lake Erie" for leading American forces in a decisive naval victory at the Battle of Lake Erie.
US merchant mariner, shipmaster and author, who served as captain aboard MV Maersk Alabama during its hijacking by Somali pirates in April 2009.
|Porter, David||United States||Yes||1780||1843|
|Preble, Edward||United States||Yes||Yes||1761||1807|
|Reid, Samuel Chester
Officer in the United States Navy during the War of 1812. He served in Constellation with Commodore Thomas Truxtun and in 1803 became master of the brig Merchant. During the War of 1812 he commanded the privateer General Armstrong and at Fayal, Azores, in 1814 engaged gunboats from British men-of-war en route to Jamaica and New Orleans, Louisiana.
|Rodgers, John (War of 1812)||United States||Yes||1772||1838|
|Rodgers, John (Civil War)
Son of Commodore John Rodgers, was born near Havre de Grace, Maryland. He was received his appointment as a Midshipman in the Navy on 18 April 1828. Service in the Mediterranean on board Constellation and Concord opened his long career of distinguished service, and he commanded an expedition of Naval Infantry and Marines in Florida during the Seminole Wars. In the mid-1850s he succeeded Commander Ringgold in command of the North Pacific Exploring and Surveying Expedition, which added greatly to our knowledge of far eastern and northern waters. Following his promotion to Commander in 1855, he married and settled to work in the Navy's Japan Office in Washington, D.C., where he was serving when the Civil War broke out.
As the result of his efforts to reach the Titanic before it sank, and his preparations for and conduct of the rescue of the survivors, Captain Rostron was lionized as a hero. He was awarded a Congressional Gold Medal by the U.S. Congress, and after World War I was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire. He was made the Commodore of the Cunard fleet before retiring in 1931.
Japanese naval officer who served during the Russo-Japanese War and one of the first submarine commanders of the Imperial Japanese Navy, known primarily as the commanding officer during the sinking of the No. 6 submarine.
|Seyburn, Isaac D.
Welsh-American merchant captain who served as an officer in the United States Navy during the Civil War, with the rank of Acting Master. He was wounded in action during the 1861 Battle of Port Royal. During 1863 he commanded the schooner USS Kittatinny as part of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron under Rear Admiral David Farragut. Seyburn resigned his commission in 1864 due to war injuries and initially settled in Maine. He later moved to Louisiana, where he operated a sugar plantation.
|Seymour, Edward Hobart
British Admiral of the Fleet. Served in the Black Sea until the evacuation of Crimea in 1856. After the Crimean War, still a midshipman, he was appointed to the HMS Calcutta, flagship of his uncle Sir Michael Seymour, on the China station. He took part in the capture of Canton (December 1857). In HMS Chesapeake Seymour took part in the attack on the Taku forts in September 1860.
|Shchetinina, Anna||Soviet Union||Yes||No||1908||1999|
Captain of the RMS Titanic when it sank in 1912. Joined the White Star Shipping Line in March 1880 as the Fourth Officer of the Celtic. He served aboard the company's liners to Australia and to New York, where he quickly rose in stature. In 1887, Smith received his first White Star command, the SS Republic. In 1888, Smith earned his Extra Master's Certificate and joined the Royal Naval Reserve (thus enabling him to append his name with "RNR"), qualifying as a full Lieutenant. This meant that in a time of war, Smith and his ship could be called upon to serve by the Royal Navy. Because of his position as a Commander in the Royal Naval Reserve Smith had the distinction of being able to fly the Blue Duster of the R.N.R., most ships flew the Red Duster of the merchant marine.
|Stockton, Robert Field||United States||Yes||1795||1866|
|Thomas, William Bevil
Prominent Newfoundland merchant, land developer and sea captain
American naval officer who rose to the rank of commodore. Truxtun had little formal education before joining the crew of the British merchant ship Pitt at the age of twelve. However, by the time he was twenty his talents had garnered him the command of his own vessel, the Andrew Caldwell. He operated as a privateer during the American Revolution, commanding several ships: Congress, Independence, Mars and St. James. Truxtun was highly successful in capturing enemy ships during this period, not once suffering a defeat.
After the war, he returned to the merchant marine, where he remained for twelve years, and in 1786 commanded one of the first American ships to engage in trade with China, the Canton operating from Philadelphia.
A fishing schooner captain out of Lunenburg, Nova Scotia. He was a highliner fishign captain and most famous as captain of the schooner Bluenose, winning multiple races for the International Fisherman's Trophy.
A fishing schooner captain out of Gloucester, Massachusetts. He was captain of the Schooner Esperanto in 1920 when it defeated the Canadian Schooner Delawana in the first International Fishing Schooner Championship Races in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
|Wilkes, Charles||United States||Yes||1798||1877|
Captain of the whaling vessel the Phoenix and the Edward Cary.
English sea captain, most famously known as the master of the famous sailing clipper Cutty Sark during her most successful period of service in the wool trade between Australia and the United Kingdom.
|Whitall, John M.||United States||Yes||1800||1877|
Chinese mariner, explorer, diplomat and fleet admiral, who made the voyages collectively referred to as the travels of "Eunuch Sanbao to the Western Ocean" (Chinese: 三保太監下西洋) or "Zheng He to the Western Ocean", from 1405 to 1433.
John Sea Captain Brown" Sea Captain known for his romance with Rosalind Brody, nicknamed 'the whale of the sea' by all who knew her.
- Robert Barclay (sailor), (1785–1833), UK.
- Tim Caufield (1958- ) Numerous inland lake steam and passenger excursion vessels. USA
- Wilfred Dowman, Cutty Sark
- Kelly Faulkner, (1958–), American Royal Hawaiian Catamaran
- Manuel F. Gomes (1898–1906), Portuguese
- Tota Ishimaru (1881–1942), Japanese
- [Takaichi] Takakzu Kinashi (1902–1944), Japanese
- Joe Niepsuj (1890–1963), Japan
- J. Angus Waters, Bluenose
- Captain John Drudge (17??-1842) 'The Pearl' Captured and killed the pirate Nicholas Brown 1726.
- Rajandra 1, is the Pioneer In Sailing : In 1007 AD Rajaraja in an inscription in south Mysore, mentions his victory over 1200 ancient islands (Maldive Islands). It was during his reign that trade in the East intensified in countries in the Bay of Bengal, Sumatra. Malaya etc. The expansion of the trade in the East was carried out by his son Rajendra 1,who had taken many ancient islands. These lands taken over had colonies of Tamil soldiers stationed for protection of their trade. An important source of pepper was the ' pepper island' (Pulau Lada ),of Langkawi where the Cholas capitalised in the trade of spices.
- Tamils or the first sailors beforthe west: The Tamils and their Trade Exploits
Far from the distant past, long before the sea-route was discovered by the western mariner, the carriage of goods for trade between East and West was by long hazardous desert and mountain routes which is popularly referred to as the 'Silk Route'.
The Silk Route - First Century AD
This overland journey entailed confrontation with roaming bandits who were adept in the art of ambushing the passage of caravans specially through Central Asia. Although there was an element of risk the caravans moved freight with armed escorts. As a result of this, the cost of merchandise began to rise no sooner it reached its destination.
Long before the 'Silk Route' was used, the enterprising Dravidian merchants were sailing around the Indian coast and to the Persian Gulf as early as 3500 BC. The Dravidians of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa had their harbour in the bay of Cambay and disposed of their merchandise in Mesopotamia. The merchandise in turn was carried in caravans overland to the port of Tyre and thence to Egypt. After the conquest of Egypt by Alexander the Great, the port of Alexandria became the entrepot of the ancient western world. It was in the Gulf of Aden that the Egyptian, Greek, Arab, Indian etc., met to exchange their merchandise.
According to Srinivasa Iyengar he states that,
' Indian teak was found in the ruins of Ur (Mugheir), which was the capital of Sumeria in 4000 BC and the SINDHU or muslin is mentioned in an ancient Babylonian list of clothing. The occurrence of ' s' in the word proves that this muslin did not go to Mesopotamia via Persia, for then 's' would have become 'h' in Persian months, as the name of this country, derived from the name of the river Sind, became Hind. I therefore conclude that muslin went direct by sea from the Tamil coast to the Persian coast and the Babylonian word Sindhu for muslin is not derived the river (as supposed so), but from the old Dravidian word, SINDI, which is still found in Tulu and Canares, and means a piece of cloth' and is represented by the Tamil word SINDU, a flag'. (ZHT,pp 39 & 39).
There is some evidence that the trade of south India extended to Egypt in the 3rd millennium BC. W.H. Schoff says, thousands of years before the emergence of the Greeks from savagery Egypt and the nations of Ancient India came into being, and a commercial system was developed for the interchange of products within those limits, having its centre of exchange near the head of the Persian Gulf. The people of that region, the various Arab tribes and more specially those ancestors of the Phoenicians, the mysterious Red Men, were active carriers or intermediaries.
Fictional sea captains
- Captain Ahab, fictional hero of Herman Melville's novel Moby-Dick
- Captain Jack Aubrey, fictional hero of the Aubrey–Maturin series by Patrick O'Brian
- John Blackthorne, fictional hero of James Clavell's 1975 novel Shōgun
- Captain Ned Dana, fictional master of the S.S. Balaska in the series The Dana Girls
- Captain Dog, boat captain in the cartoon movies series Peppa Pig
- Captain Englehorn, fictional captain in a number of the King Kong films
- Captain Gault, fictional sea captain of a number of stories by English writer William Hope Hodgson
- John Charity Spring, fictinal slave ship captain in Flash for Freedom and other Flashman novels by George MacDonald Fraser.
- Captain Haddock, fictional captain in the comic album series The Adventures of Tintin
- Captain James Hook, fictional captain in the play and novel Peter Pan
- Horatio Hornblower, fictional protagonist of a series of novels by C. S. Forester
- John Silas Huntly, fictional captain in The Survivors of the Chancellor
- Captain Jat, fictional sea captain of a number of stories by English writer William Hope Hodgson
- Maak, fictional ship's captain in the comic strip Maakies
- Captain Horatio McCallister, a recurring character from the TV series The Simpsons
- Captain Pugwash, fictional captain of pirate ship in a cartoon of the same name
- Captain Ralls, fictional captain played by John Wayne in Wake of the Red Witch
- Captain Jack Sparrow, fictional captain of the pirate ship Black Pearl from Pirates of the Caribbean
- Captain Merrill Stubing, fictional captain in The Love Boat television series