List of town tramway systems in Asia

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This is a list of Asian cities and towns that have, or once had, town tramway (urban tramway, or streetcar) systems as part of their public transport system. A separate list has been created for Japan to increase user-friendliness and reduce article size. Other geographic regions:

Sources, references and external links:

Armenia[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Yerevan Երեւան Horse 29 Sep 1906 Aug 1918 (?)  
Electric 12 Jan 1933 21 Jan 2004  

Azerbaijan[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Bakı /Baku Horse 19 Apr 1889 by 1 Oct 1923 See Trams in Baku.
Steam 6 Oct 1889 ca. 1894
Electric 8 Feb 1924 Jan 2004
  Gəncə /Ganja Electric 1 May 1933 16 Oct 1976 See Trams in Ganja, Azerbaijan.
  Sumqayıt /Sumqayit Electric 11 Mar 1959 Jul 2003 See Trams in Sumqayit.

China[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Ānshān 鞍山 /Anshan Electric 15 Jan 1956 26 Feb 2004 [1]. Reconstruction as light rail transit (LRT) planned.
  Běijīng 北京 /Beijing Electric 24 Jun 1899

17 Dec 1924

1900

6 May 1966

[2]. First system closed during the Boxer Rebellion.
  Chángchūn 长春 /Changchun Electric 1937 (?) (or 1942)   [3].
  Dàlián 大连 /Dalian Electric Sep 1909   [4].
  Guǎngzhōu 广州 /Guangzhou (Electric)     Construction started ca. 1934, not completed.
  Harbin (Hā'ěrbīn) 哈尔滨 Electric 10 Oct 1927 17 Jun 1987 [5].
  Nánjīng 南京 /Nanjing Steam  ?  ?  
Electric  ?  ?
  Shànghǎi 上海 /Shanghai Electric 15 Mar 1908 1 Dec 1975 [6]. A Chinese source states that one tramway line was closed in 1963, however, Line 3, the last closed in 1975. reintroduced in 2010 as the Zhangjiang Tram.
  Shěnyáng 沈阳 /Shenyang Electric Oct 1925 1973 [7].
  Tiānjīn 天津 /Tianjin Electric 16 Feb 1906 ca. 1972 [8],reintroduced in 2007 as the TEDA Modern Guided Rail Tram.

Georgia[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Gagra გაგრა Horse  ?  ?  
  Poti ფოთი Horse 1904 1932  
  Tbilisi თბილისი Horse 3 Apr 1883 1910  
Electric 25 Dec 1904 4 Dec 2006 [1]

Hong Kong[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Hong Kong Tramways Limited Hong Kong Island Electric 30 Jul 1904   [9]
MTR Light Rail Tin Shui Wai, Tuen Mun, Yuen Long Electric 18 Sep 1988  

India[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Chennai சென்னை Electric 7 May 1895 12 Apr 1953 [10] (formerly Madras)
  Delhi दिल्ली Electric 6 Mar 1908 ca. 1963 [11], reintroduction planned.
  Kanpur कानपुर Electric Jun 1907 16 May 1933 [12] (formerly Cawnpore)
Calcutta Tramways Company Limited Kolkata কলকাতা Horse Jan 1881  ?   (formerly Calcutta)
Electric 27 Mar 1902   [13].
  Mumbai मुंबई Horse 9 May 1874 15 May 1908  
Electric 7 May 1907 31 Mar 1964 [14] (formerly Bombay)

Indonesia[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Jakarta Horse 1869  ?  
Steam 1881  ?  
Electric 10 Apr 1899 1962 [15].
  Surabaya Steam 189_  ?  
Electric 27 Apr 1923 Jan 1968 [16].

Iran[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Tehran Horse 18__ 19__

Iraq[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Baghdād بغداد Horse 1871 194_ [17].
  Najaf / Kufa Horse 1871 194_ [18].
  Basrah Steam/narrow gauge 1900 194_ [19].

Japan[edit]

Kazakhstan[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Almaty Electric 1 Dec 1937  
  Oskemen Electric 6 Nov 1959  
  Pavlodar Electric 18 Oct 1965  
  Karagandy Electric 25 Aug 1950 1997  
  Temirtau Electric 5 Sep 1959  

Lebanon[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Bayrūt بيروت /Beirut Electric 19 Apr 1908 Sep 1965 [20].
  Ṭarābulus طرابلس /Tripoli Horse  ?  ? [21].

Malaysia[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  George Town Steam 1880  ?  
Horse 1898  ?  
Electric 1 Jan 1906 1936 [22].

Myanmar[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Mandalay မန္တလေးမ္ရို့ Electric 17 Jun 1904 by 1945 [23].
  Yangon ရန္‌ကုန္‌မ္ရို့ Steam 1884  ?  
Electric 15 Dec 1906 by 1945 [24].

North Korea[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Ch'ŏngjin 청진 (淸津) Electric 20 Aug (or 21 Aug) 1999  
  P'yŏngyang 평양 (平壤) Human 1905 1916  
Electric 20 May 1923

15 Apr 1991

Aug 1950

-

[25]. First system closed because of war damage. See Pyongyang Tram.

Pakistan[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Karachi كراچى Steam 20 Apr 1885  ?  
Horse 1886  ?  
Petrol (gasoline) 1909  ? [26].
Diesel  ? 30 Apr 1975  

Philippines[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Manila Horse 188_  ?  
Steam  ?  ?  
Electric 10 Apr 1905 1944 [27].

Russia[edit]

Singapore[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Singapore Steam 1885 1894  
Electric 25 Jul 1905 9 Apr 1927 [28]. Experimental electric operations in Sep 1891 and Sep 1892.
Re-introduction planned: Tampines, Woodlands or Jurong areas

South Korea[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Busan 부산 (釜山) Steam  ?  ?  
Electric 31 Oct 1915 20 May 1968 [29].
  Seoul 서울 Electric 1 May 1899 29 Nov 1968 [30].

Sri Lanka[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Colombo Colombo sinhala.jpg Electric Sep 1898 1960 [31].

Syria[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Halab حلب /Aleppo Electric 1929 1967 [32].
  Dimashq دمشق /Damascus Electric 7 Feb 1907 1967 [33].

Thailand[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Krung Thep Maha Nakhon กรุงเทพมหานคร /Bangkok Horse 22 Sep 1887  ?  
Electric 1 Jan 1893 1 Oct 1968 [34].
  Lopburi ลพบุรี Electric 31 Jan 1955 1962 [35].

Turkey[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Antalya Electric 27 Mar 1999  
Burtram Bursa Electric 28 May 2011
13 Oct 2013
Heritage tramway opened 28 May 2011; new street tramway opened 13 Oct 2013 [36].
EsTram Eskişehir Electric 24 Dec 2004  
  Gaziantep Electric 2009  
  İstanbul - Europe Horse 30 Aug 1869  ?  
Electric 16 Aug 1913 12 Aug 1961 See Trams in Istanbul.
29 Dec 1990
13 Jun 1992
Heritage tramway [37] opened 29 Dec 1990 [38]. New street tramway opened 13 Jun 1992 [39]; second street tramway opened 12 Sep 2007. See Istanbul nostalgic tramways & Istanbul modern tramways.
  İstanbul - Asia Electric 8 Jun 1928 11 Nov 1966 See Trams in Istanbul.
1 Nov 2003 Heritage tramway opened 1 Nov 2003 [40]. See Istanbul nostalgic tramways.
  İzmir Horse  ?  ?  
Electric 18 Oct 1928 1954 [41].
Kayseray Kayseri Electric 2 Jan 2009  
  Konya Electric 28 Sep 1992  
  Samsun Electric 10 Oct 2010 Categorized as light rail.

Uzbekistan[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Samarqand Electric 1 May 1947 30 Aug 1973  
  Toshkent Horse 13 Apr 1901 1913  
Electric 10 Jan 1913 Operation suspended 1918 - 1921 because of war (see Russian Civil War).

Vietnam[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Hanoi Electric 10 Nov 1901[2] 1990[2] reintroduction planned
  Ho Chi Minh City Steam 27 Dec 1881[2]  ?  
Electric 4 Aug 1923[2] ca. 1953[2] Connected Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) with Hóc Môn and Thủ Dầu Một[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]