List of metro systems

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A metro system is a rapid transit train system. In some cases, metro systems are referred to as subways, U-Bahns or undergrounds. As of April 2014, 168 metro systems in 55 countries are listed. The earliest metro system, the London Underground, first opened as an "underground railway" in 1863,[1] and truly achieved metro status in 1890[citation needed] with the opening of its first electrified underground line.[1]

Considerations[edit]

The International Association of Public Transport (L’Union Internationale des Transports Publics, or UITP) defines metro systems as urban passenger transport systems, "operated on their own right of way and segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic."[2][3] The terms Heavy rail (mainly in North America) and heavy urban rail are essentially synonymous with the term "metro".[4][5][6] Heavy rail systems are also specifically defined as an "electric railway".[4][5]

The dividing line between metro and other modes of public transport, such as light rail[4][5] and commuter rail,[4][5] is not always clear, and while UITP only makes distinctions between "metros" and "light rail",[2] the U.S.'s APTA and FTA distinguish all three modes.[4][5] A common way to distinguish metro from light rail is by their separation from other traffic. While light rail systems may share roads or have level crossings, a metro system runs, almost always, on a grade-separated exclusive right-of-way, with no access for pedestrians and other traffic. And in contrast to commuter rail or light rail, metro systems are primarily used for transport within a city, and have higher service frequencies and substantially higher passenger volume capacities. Furthermore, most metro systems do not share tracks with freight trains or inter-city rail services. It is however not relevant whether the system runs on steel wheels or rubber tyres, or if the power supply is from a third rail or Overhead line.

The name of the system is not a criterion for inclusion or exclusion. Some cities use metro as a brand name for a transit line with no component of rapid transit whatsoever. Similarly, there are systems branded light rail that meet every criterion for being a rapid transit system. Some systems also incorporate light metro or light rail lines as part of the larger system under a common name. These are listed, but the light rail lines are not counted in the provided network data. Certain transit networks match the technical level and service standards of metro systems, but reach far out of the city and are sometimes known as suburban, regional or commuter rail. These are not included. Neither are funicular systems, or people movers, such as amusement park, ski resort and airport transport systems.

This list counts metros separately when multiple metros in one city or metropolitan area have separate owners or operating companies. This list expressly does not aim at representing the size and scope of the total rapid transit network of a certain city or metropolitan area. The data of this list should not be used to infer the size of a city’s, region’s, or country’s rapid transit systems, or to establish a ranking. Doing so would in many cases lead to a gross misrepresentation.

Legend[edit]

Countries with metro systems
The locations of all the world's metro systems
Location
Primary city served by the metro system.
Country
Country (i.e. independent nation or sovereign state) in which the metro system is located.
Name
The most common English name of the system (and the connecting Wiki page for that system).
Year opened
The year the system was opened for commercial service at metro standards. In other words, parts of the system may be older, but as parts of a former light rail or commuter rail network, so the year that the system obtained metro standards (e.g. electrified) is the one listed.
Stations
The number of stations in the network, as quoted by the system's operating company.
System length
The system length of a metro network is the sum of the lengths of all routes in the rail network in kilometers (or miles). Each route is counted only once, regardless of how many lines pass over it, and regardless of whether it is single-track or multi-track, single carriageway or dual carriageway.

List[edit]

This list is sortable. Click on the Sort both.gif icon in the column header to change sort key and sort order.

Location Country Name Year opened Stations System length Year of last extension
Algiers  Algeria Algiers Metro 2011[7] 10[7] 9.2 km (5.7 mi)[7] 2011[7][8]
Buenos Aires  Argentina Buenos Aires Underground 1913 68[9][note 1] 47.1 km (29.3 mi)[9] 2013[note 2]
Yerevan  Armenia Yerevan Metro 1981[10] 10[10] 13.4 km (8.3 mi)[10] 1996[11]
Vienna  Austria Vienna U-Bahn[12] 1976[13][14] 104[15] 80 km (50 mi)[15] 2013[15][note 3]
Baku  Azerbaijan Baku Metro 1967[16] 23[16] 34.6 km (21.5 mi)[16] 2011[note 4]
Minsk  Belarus Minsk Metro 1984[17] 28[17] 35.4 km (22.0 mi)[17] 2012[17][note 5]
Brussels  Belgium Brussels Metro 1976[18] 59[note 6] 39.9 km (24.8 mi)[19] 2009[note 7]
Belo Horizonte  Brazil Belo Horizonte Metro 1986[20] 19[21] 28.1 km (17.5 mi)[22] 2002[20]
Brasília  Brazil Brasília Metro 2001[23] 24[24] 42.4 km (26.3 mi)[24] 2010[23]
Fortaleza  Brazil Fortaleza Metro 2012 28[25] 43 km (27 mi)[25] 2012
Porto Alegre  Brazil Porto Alegre Metro 1985 22 43.4 km (27.0 mi) 2000
Recife  Brazil Recife Metro 1985 30 44.2 km (27.5 mi) 2009
Rio de Janeiro  Brazil Rio de Janeiro Metro 1979[26] 35[27] 41 km (25 mi)[27] 2010[26]
São Paulo  Brazil São Paulo Metro 1974[28] 64[28] 74.2 km (46.1 mi)[28] 2011[28][note 8]
Teresina  Brazil Teresina Metro 1989 9 14.5 km (9.0 mi) 1989
Sofia  Bulgaria Sofia Metro 1998[29] 27[29] 31.0 km (19.3 mi)[29] 2012[29]
Montreal  Canada Montreal Metro 1966 68[30] 69.2 km (43.0 mi) 2007[note 9]
Toronto  Canada Toronto subway and RT[31] 1954[32] 69[32] 68.3 km (42.4 mi)[32] 2002[32][note 10]
Vancouver  Canada SkyTrain 1985[33] 47[34] 68.6 km (42.6 mi)[34] 2009[note 11]
Santiago  Chile Santiago Metro 1975[35] 108[36] 103 km (64 mi)[36] 2011
Valparaíso  Chile Valparaíso Metro 2005[37] 20[38] 43 km (27 mi)[38] 2005
Beijing  China Beijing Subway[39][40] 1981[note 12] 232[41][42][note 13] 456 km (283 mi)[41] 2013[41]
Chengdu  China Chengdu Metro 2010 43 49.7 km (30.9 mi) 2013[43]
Chongqing  China Chongqing Rail Transit 2005 92 168 km (104 mi)[44] 2013[45]
Dalian  China Dalian Metro[46] 2003 26 103.8 km (64.5 mi) 2013[46]
Foshan  China FMetro[note 14] 2010 14 20.4 km (12.7 mi) 2010
Guangzhou  China Guangzhou Metro 1997 130[47][note 15] 240 km (150 mi)[48] 2013[49]
Harbin  China Harbin Metro 2013 18[50][51] 17.5 km (10.9 mi)[50][51] 2013[50][51]
Hangzhou  China Hangzhou Metro[52] 2012 31 48.0 km (29.8 mi) 2012[53][note 16]
Hong Kong  China MTR 1979[54][note 17] 84[54] 174.4 km (108.4 mi)[54] 2009[note 18]
Kunming  China Kunming Rail Transit 2012 14 40.1 km (24.9 mi) 2013[55][note 19]
Nanjing  China Nanjing Metro[56] 2005 55 87.0 km (54.1 mi) 2010[56][note 20]
Shanghai  China Shanghai Metro[note 21] 1993 263[57][58][note 22] 538 km (334 mi)[59] 2013[59]
Shenyang  China Shenyang Metro 2010 43 55.1 km (34.2 mi) 2013[60]
Shenzhen  China Shenzhen Metro 2004 131 178.4 km (110.9 mi) 2011[61]
Suzhou  China Suzhou Rail Transit 2012 46 52.3 km (32.5 mi) 2013[62][note 23]
Tianjin  China Tianjin Metro 1984 86 135 km (84 mi) 2013[63]
Wuhan  China Wuhan Metro 2004 61 73.3 km (45.5 mi) 2013[64]
Xi'an  China Xi'an Metro 2011 36 45.9 km (28.5 mi) 2013[65][note 24]
Zhengzhou  China Zhengzhou Metro 2013 20 26.3 km (16.3 mi) 2013[66]
Medellín  Colombia Medellín Metro 1995[67] 27[68] 28.8 km (17.9 mi)[68] 2012[note 25]
Prague  Czech Republic Prague Metro 1974[69] 57[70] 59.4 km (36.9 mi)[70] 2008[note 26]
Copenhagen   Denmark Copenhagen Metro 2002 22[71] 20.4 km (12.7 mi)[71] 2007
S-train[72][73][74][75] 1934 85 170 km (110 mi) 2007
Santo Domingo  Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Metro 2009 30[76][77] 27.4 km (17.0 mi)[76][77] 2013[77]
Cairo  Egypt Cairo Metro[78] 1987 57 70.2 km (43.6 mi) 2012[note 27]
Helsinki  Finland Helsinki Metro 1982[79] 17[80] 21.1 km (13.1 mi)[80] 2007[79]
Lille  France Lille Metro 1983[81] 60[82] 45 km (28 mi)[82] 2000[81]
Lyon  France Lyon Metro 1978[83] 39[83] 30.3 km (18.8 mi)[83] 2013[83][note 28]
Marseille  France Marseille Metro 1977 28[84] 21.5 km (13.4 mi)[84] 2010
Paris  France Paris Métro 1900[85] 303[86] 214 km (133 mi)[85] 2013
Rennes  France Rennes Metro 2002 15 9.4 km (5.8 mi) 2002
Toulouse  France Toulouse Metro 1993[87] 37[87] 28.2 km (17.5 mi)[87] 2007[87][note 29]
Tbilisi  Georgia Tbilisi Metro 1966[88] 22[89] 27.1 km (16.8 mi)[89] 2000[90]
Berlin  Germany Berlin U-Bahn 1902 170[91] 151.7 km (94.3 mi)[91] 2009
Berlin S-Bahn 1924[92] 166[92] 332 km (206 mi)[92] 2007
Frankfurt  Germany Frankfurt U-Bahn[note 30] 1968[93] 86[94] 64.9 km (40.3 mi)[94] 2010[93][note 31]
Hamburg  Germany Hamburg U-Bahn 1912[95] 91[96] 104 km (65 mi)[96] 2012[note 32]
Hamburg S-Bahn 1907[97] 68[98] 147 km (91 mi)[98] 2008[note 33]
Munich  Germany Munich U-Bahn 1971[99] 96[99][note 34] 95 km (59 mi)[99] 2010[note 35]
Nuremberg  Germany Nuremberg U-Bahn 1972 46[100] 35 km (22 mi)[100] 2011[note 36]
Athens  Greece Athens Metro[note 37] 1904[101][note 38] 60 83.3 km (51.8 mi) 2013[note 39]
Budapest  Hungary Budapest Metro 1896 52 38.2 km (23.7 mi)[102][103] 2014[103]
Bangalore  India Namma Metro 2011 16 16.7 km (10.4 mi) 2014[104]
Chennai  India Chennai MRTS 1995 17 19.3 km (12.0 mi) 2007[105]
Delhi  India Delhi Metro 2002[106] 141[107][note 40] 190.0 km (118.1 mi)[108] 2011
Gurgaon  India Rapid MetroRail Gurgaon 2013 6 5.1 km (3.2 mi) 2013
Kolkata  India Kolkata Metro 1984 24 28.1 km (17.5 mi) 2013
Mashhad  Iran Mashhad Urban Railway 2011[109] 22 19 km (12 mi) 2011
Tehran  Iran Tehran Metro[note 41] 2000[note 42] 85[110] 152 km (94 mi)[110] 2014[110][note 43]
Brescia  Italy Brescia Metro 2013[111] 17[112] 13.7 km (8.5 mi)[112] 2013
Catania  Italy Catania Metro 1999 6 3.8 km (2.4 mi) 1999
Genoa  Italy Genoa Metro 1990[113] 8[113] 7.0 km (4.3 mi)[113] 2012[113]
Milan  Italy Milan Metro[114] 1964[114] 103[114] 94.5 km (58.7 mi)[114] 2014[114]
Naples  Italy Naples Metro[note 44] 1993[115] 20[116][117] 17.6 km (10.9 mi)[116][117] 2013[115][note 45]
Rome  Italy Rome Metro[118] 1955 52 40.4 km (25.1 mi) 2012
Turin  Italy Turin Metro 2006 21 13.2 km (8.2 mi) 2011
Fukuoka  Japan[note 46] Fukuoka City Subway 1981 35 29.8 km (18.5 mi) 2005
Hiroshima  Japan[note 46] Astram Line 1994 21 18.4 km (11.4 mi) 1994
Kobe  Japan[note 46] Kōbe Rapid Transit Railway 1968 10 7.6 km (4.7 mi) 2001
Kobe Municipal Subway 1977 25 30.6 km (19.0 mi) 2001
Kyoto  Japan[note 46] Kyoto Municipal Subway 1981 29 28.8 km (17.9 mi) 2008
Nagoya  Japan[note 46] Nagoya Municipal Subway 1957 83 89.1 km (55.4 mi) 2011
Osaka  Japan[note 46] Osaka Municipal Subway 1933 101 137.8 km (85.6 mi) 2006
Sapporo  Japan[note 46] Sapporo Municipal Subway 1971 46 48 km (30 mi) 1999
Sendai  Japan[note 46] Sendai Subway 1987 17 14.8 km (9.2 mi) 1987
Tokyo  Japan[note 46] Toei Subway 1960 106 121.5 km (75.5 mi) 2000
Rinkai Line 1996 8 12.2 km (7.6 mi) 2002
Tokyo Metro 1927 179 195.1 km (121.2 mi) 2008
Yokohama  Japan[note 46] Yokohama Municipal Subway 1972 32 40.4 km (25.1 mi) 2002
Minatomirai Line 2004 6 4.1 km (2.5 mi) 2008
Almaty  Kazakhstan Almaty Metro 2011 7 8.5 km (5.3 mi) 2011
Pyongyang  North Korea Pyongyang Metro 1973 17 22 km (14 mi) 1987[note 47]
Busan  South Korea Busan Metro 1985 128 130.2 km (80.9 mi) 2011[note 48]
Daegu  South Korea Daegu Metro 1997 59 57.3 km (35.6 mi) 2012[note 49]
Daejeon  South Korea Daejeon Metro 2006 22 22.7 km (14.1 mi) 2007[note 50]
Gwangju  South Korea Gwangju Metro 2004 20 20.1 km (12.5 mi) 2008[note 51]
Incheon  South Korea Incheon Subway 1999 29 29.4 km (18.3 mi) 2009
Seoul Metropolitan Area  South Korea Seoul Subway (Lines 1-9)[note 52] 1974[119] 296 327.0 km (203.2 mi)[119] 2012[119][note 53]
Korail metro lines[120][note 54] 1994 75 124.6 km (77.4 mi) 2013
AREX 2007 10 61.0 km (37.9 mi) 2007
Shinbundang Line (NeoTrans) 2011 6 17.3 km (10.7 mi) 2011
Total[note 55] 1974-2013 387 529.9 km (329.3 mi) 2013
Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia Rapid Rail 1996 48 56 km (35 mi) 2003
Mexico City  Mexico Mexico City Metro 1969[121] 195[122][note 56] 226.5 km (140.7 mi)[122] 2012[note 57]
Amsterdam  Netherlands Amsterdam Metro[123][note 58] 1977 33 32.7 km (20.3 mi) 2005
Rotterdam  Netherlands Rotterdam Metro 1968 62 78.3 km (48.7 mi) 2010
Oslo  Norway Oslo Metro[note 30] 1966[note 59] 105 84.2 km (52.3 mi) 2006[note 60]
Panama City  Panama Panama Metro 2014 15 13.7 km (8.5 mi) 2014
Lima  Peru Lima Metro 2011 26 34.0 km (21.1 mi)[124] 2014[124]
Manila  Philippines Manila Light Rail Transit System 1984 31 34.5 km (21.4 mi) 2010
Manila Metro Rail Transit System 1999 13 17 km (11 mi) 2000
Warsaw  Poland Warsaw Metro 1995 21[125] 22.7 km (14.1 mi)[125] 2008
Lisbon  Portugal Lisbon Metro[126][127] 1959 55 45.5 km (28.3 mi) 2012[note 61]
Bucharest  Romania Bucharest Metro[128] 1979 51 69.3 km (43.1 mi) 2011[note 62]
Kazan  Russia Kazan Metro[129] 2005 10[130] 15.8 km (9.8 mi)[130] 2013[131]
Moscow  Russia Moscow Metro[132][133] 1935 194[133] 325.4 km (202.2 mi)[133] 2014[134]
Nizhny Novgorod  Russia Nizhny Novgorod Metro 1985 14[130] 18.8 km (11.7 mi)[130] 2012[135]
Novosibirsk  Russia Novosibirsk Metro 1986 13[130] 15.9 km (9.9 mi)[130] 2010[136]
Saint Petersburg  Russia Saint Petersburg Metro 1955 67[130] 113.2 km (70.3 mi)[130] 2012[137]
Samara  Russia Samara Metro 1987 9[130] 10.3 km (6.4 mi)[130] 2007[138]
Yekaterinburg  Russia Yekaterinburg Metro 1991 9[130] 12.7 km (7.9 mi)[130] 2012[139]
Mecca  Saudi Arabia Mecca Metro 2010 9 18.1 km (11.2 mi) 2010
Singapore  Singapore Mass Rapid Transit[140] 1987 106 148.7 km (92.4 mi) 2013[note 63]
Barcelona  Spain Barcelona Metro[141] 1924 163 123.7 km (76.9 mi) 2011
Bilbao  Spain Metro Bilbao 1995 40 43.3 km (26.9 mi) 2011
Madrid  Spain Madrid Metro[note 64] 1919[142] 300[143] 293 km (182 mi)[143] 2010[143]
Palma de Mallorca  Spain Palma Metro 2007 15 15.5 km (9.6 mi) 2007
San Sebastián/Donostialdea  Spain Metro Donostialdea 2012[note 65] 20 28.9 km (18.0 mi) 2012
Seville  Spain Seville Metro 2009 22 18.2 km (11.3 mi) 2009
Stockholm  Sweden Stockholm Metro[144] 1950 100 105.7 km (65.7 mi) 1994[note 66]
Lausanne    Switzerland Lausanne Metro[145][note 67] 2008 14 6 km (3.7 mi) 2008
Taipei  Taiwan Taipei Metro 1996 103[146] 121.3 km (75.4 mi)[146] 2013
Kaohsiung  Taiwan Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit 2008 37 42.7 km (26.5 mi) 2012
Bangkok  Thailand Bangkok Mass Transit System[147] 1999 34 31 km (19 mi) 2013
Metropolitan Rapid Transit 2004 18 21 km (13 mi) 2004
Airport Rail Link 2010 8 28.6 km (17.8 mi) 2010
Adana  Turkey Adana Metro 2010 13 13.5 km (8.4 mi) 2010
Ankara  Turkey Ankara Metro 1997 45 55.7 km (34.6 mi) 2014
Bursa  Turkey Bursaray 2002 31 31 km (19 mi) 2011
Istanbul  Turkey Istanbul Metro[note 68] 2000 65[148] 81.9 km (50.9 mi)[148] 2014[148][note 69]
İzmir  Turkey İzmir Metro 2000 14 16.1 km (10.0 mi) 2013
Dnipropetrovsk  Ukraine Dnipropetrovsk Metro 1995 6 7.1 km (4.4 mi) 1995
Kharkiv  Ukraine Kharkiv Metro 1975 29 39.6 km (24.6 mi) 2010
Kiev  Ukraine Kiev Metro 1960 52 67.6 km (42.0 mi) 2013
Dubai  United Arab Emirates Dubai Metro 2009 47 74.6 km (46.4 mi) 2012[note 70]
Glasgow  United Kingdom Glasgow Subway 1896[149] 15[149] 10.4 km (6.5 mi)[149] 1896
London  United Kingdom London Underground[150] 1890[1][note 71] 270[151] 402 km (250 mi)[151] 2008[1][note 72]
Docklands Light Railway 1987[152] 45 34 km (21 mi)[152] 2011
Newcastle upon Tyne/
City of Sunderland
 United Kingdom Tyne and Wear Metro 1980[153] 60[153] 74.5 km (46.3 mi)[153] 2002[153]
Atlanta  United States MARTA 1979[154] 38[155] 77 km (48 mi)[155] 2000[154]
Baltimore  United States Baltimore Metro Subway 1983 14[156] 24.9 km (15.5 mi)[156] 1995
Boston  United States Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority[note 73] 1901[157][158] 51[159] 61 km (38 mi)[159] 1985
Chicago  United States Chicago 'L' 1897[160][note 74] 145[161] 165.4 km (102.8 mi)[161][note 75] 1993[161]
Cleveland  United States RTA Rapid Transit: Red Line 1955[162] 18[163] 31 km (19 mi)[163] 1968[162]
Los Angeles  United States Metro Rail[note 76] 1993[164] 16[164] 28.0 km (17.4 mi)[164] 2000[164][note 77]
Miami  United States Metrorail 1984[165] 23[166] 40.1 km (24.9 mi)[166] 2012
New York City
/New York metropolitan area
 United States New York City Subway 1904[167][note 78] 421[168][note 79] 373 km (232 mi)[169] 2013[note 80]
Staten Island Railway 1925[note 81] 22[170] 22.5 km (14.0 mi)[169] 1925
Port Authority Trans-Hudson 1908[171] 13[172] 22.2 km (13.8 mi)[173] 1910
Philadelphia/New Jersey  United States SEPTA[174][note 82] 1907 74[175] 59.1 km (36.7 mi)[175][176] 1973
PATCO Speedline 1936[177] 13[177] 22.9 km (14.2 mi)[177] 1969
San Francisco Bay Area  United States Bay Area Rapid Transit 1972[178] 44[178] 167 km (104 mi)[178] 2003
San Juan  United States Tren Urbano 2004 16 17.2 km (10.7 mi) 2005
Washington, D.C.  United States Washington Metro 1976[179] 86[179] 171.1 km (106.3 mi)[180] 2004[180]
Tashkent  Uzbekistan Tashkent Metro 1977 29 36.2 km (22.5 mi) 2001[note 83]
Caracas  Venezuela Caracas Metro 1983 48 52.4 km (32.6 mi) 2010[181]
Los Teques  Venezuela Los Teques Metro 2006 3 10.2 km (6.3 mi) 2012
Maracaibo  Venezuela Maracaibo Metro 2006 6 6.5 km (4.0 mi) 2009

Metro systems under construction[edit]

The following is an incomplete list of worldwide metro systems currently under construction:

Location Country Name Start of construction Planned opening
Salvador  Brazil Salvador Metro 2000 2014
Changchun  China Changchun Rail Transit 2011 2014
Changsha  China Changsha Metro 2009 2014
Dongguan  China Dongguan Rail Transit 2010 2015
Fuzhou  China Fuzhou Metro 2012 2015
Hefei  China Hefei Metro 2009 2016
Jinan  China Jinan Metro 2013 2018
Lanzhou  China Lanzhou Metro 2012 2016[182]
Macau  China Macau Light Rail Transit 2012 2015
Nanchang  China Nanchang Metro 2009 2015
Ningbo  China Ningbo Rail Transit 2009 2014
Qingdao  China Qingdao Metro 2009 2014
Shijiazhuang  China Shijiazhuang Metro 2012 2017
Wuxi  China Wuxi Metro 2009 2014
Xiamen  China Xiamen Metro 2013 2017
Quito  Ecuador Quito Metro 2012 2016
Thessaloniki  Greece Thessaloniki Metro 2006[183] 2016
Chennai  India Chennai Metro 2010 2014
Hyderabad  India Hyderabad Metro Rail 2012 2015
Jaipur  India Jaipur Metro 2010 2014
Kochi  India Kochi Metro 2013 2016
Mumbai  India Mumbai Metro 2008 2014
Navi Mumbai  India Navi Mumbai Metro 2011 2016
Jakarta  Indonesia Jakarta Mass Rapid Transit 2013 2018
Ahvaz  Iran Transportation in Ahvaz 2004 2014
Isfahan  Iran Isfahan Metro[184][185] 2001 2014
Qom  Iran Qom Metro[186][187] 2010 2015
Shiraz  Iran Shiraz Metro 2001 2014
Tabriz  Iran Tabriz Metro[185][188][189] 2003 2015
Doha  Qatar Doha Metro 2013 2019
Chelyabinsk  Russia Chelyabinsk Metro 1988 2019
Omsk  Russia Omsk Metro 1992 2016
Riyadh  Saudi Arabia Riyadh Metro 2014 2019
Taichung  Taiwan Taichung Mass Rail Transit System 2009 2017
Taoyuan  Taiwan Taoyuan Metro 2006 2014
Abu Dhabi  United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Metro 2013 2017
Hanoi  Vietnam Hanoi Metro 2009 2020
Ho Chi Minh City  Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Metro 2012 2018
Guarenas / Guatire  Venezuela Guarenas / Guatire Metro 2007 2016

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ There are 78 stations according to official source. But there are 68 stations when counting transfer stations as one.
  2. ^ Line H of Buenos Aires Metro had last expansion in 2013.
  3. ^ Line U2 was extended to Aspern Seestadt in 2013.
  4. ^ Latest restoration of old line in 2011
  5. ^ The Moskovskaya Line expanded in 2012
  6. ^ Not including stations of premetro Lines T3, T4, and T7.
  7. ^ Line 2's loop was completed in 2009
  8. ^ Most recent expansion of Line 4. Other extensions projected to become operational in 2014.
  9. ^ See Orange Line (Montreal Metro)
  10. ^ See Sheppard line
  11. ^ See Canada Line
  12. ^ Opened for full public revenue service in 1981. Accepting visitors since 1969; operational on a limited basis since 1971 – between 1971 and 1981 members of the public had to present a permit or a credentialed letter to ride the subway.
  13. ^ As of December 28, 2013, the number of unique stations in operation in the Beijing Subway is 232. The unique station count treats the multiple platforms of a station complex as one station. If each station complex's platforms are counted as separate stations, then the total number of stations in operation as of February 15, 2014 would be 262. The unique station count of 232 excludes: the Erligou Station on Line 6, the Andelibeijie and National Art Museum Stations on Line 8, the Wangjing East Station on Line 15 and the Yizhuang Railway Station on the Yizhuang Line, which were not in use as of December 28, 2013. Also excluded are the three restricted stations of Line 1, which are no longer used. The total station count of 262 excludes the stations listed above and treats the Gongyixiqiao Station as two stations, as the southern terminus for Line 4 and northern terminus for the Daxing Line, even though through-train service have effectively transformed the two lines into a single line for which the Gongyixiqiao Station is not a terminus but a single station.
  14. ^ 1st line of FMetro serves two cities - Foshan and Guangzhou
  15. ^ The number excludes the stations and lengths on the Guangfo Metro/Guangfo Line, which is part of the FMetro in Foshan.
  16. ^ Hangzhou Metro's Line 1.
  17. ^ The East Rail Line that began metro service in 1979 overlapped with a conventional railway that had operated since 1910.
  18. ^ Tseung Kwan O and West Rail lines.
  19. ^ Kunming's Line 1.
  20. ^ Nanjing South Railway Station.
  21. ^ This figure excludes Maglev line and Jinshan Railway, both often included in Shanghai Metro maps but not considered part of the system.
  22. ^ As of October 2013:
    • If interchange stations are counted as a single station, there are 263 stations.
    • If interchange stations are counted as multiple stations, there are 312 stations.
    • If interchange stations are counter as multiple stations, but shared tracks/platforms on Lines 3 and 4 are counted as a single station, there are 303 stations.
  23. ^ Opening of Suzhou's Line 2.
  24. ^ Xi'an Metro's Line 1.
  25. ^ Extension of Line A from Itagüí south to La Estrella.
  26. ^ Line C was last extended in 2008.
  27. ^ Line 3's first section opened 2012
  28. ^ Extension of Lyon Metro's Line B to Oullins Gare station.
  29. ^ Opening of Toulouse Metro's Line B.
  30. ^ a b These systems have similarities to light rail systems, because of existence of road level crossings, but are listed since there are almost entirely separated from roads.
  31. ^ Opening of Riedberg stretch of the U8 and U9 lines.
  32. ^ Opening of Line U4.
  33. ^ Extension of Line S1 to the airport.
  34. ^ The official source states there are 100 stations in Munich U-Bahn system, but notes that four connecting/transfer stations have been counted twice; thus, there are 96 stations counting all stations once.
  35. ^ The U3 extension from Olympia-Einkaufszentrum (OEZ) to Moosach.
  36. ^ The U3 extension from Maxfeld to Friedrich-Ebert-Platz.
  37. ^ The blue line also has a 21.2 km section (with 4 stations) to the airport that is owned by the Hellenic Railways Organisation and is mainly used by the suburban railway system.
    "Operation". Attiko Metro S.A. Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
    Schwandl, Robert. "Athens Metro". UrbanRail.net. Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
  38. ^ The green line, operated until 2011 by Athens-Piraeus Electric Railways, was opened in 1869 as a steam train railway line. It was electrified in 1904, extended with underground sections through the city in 1948, and extended to its full length to Kifissia in 1957 using the right-of-way of a former metre gauge suburban line. Full metro operation since 1904 between Piraeus and Athens and 1957 to Kifissia. In 2011, it was integrated with Athens Metro under the company STASY S.A.
    "Information on Line 1 - Technical Data". ISAP. Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
  39. ^ Line 3 extended west to Agia Marina from 14 December 2013.
  40. ^ The Delhi Metro's six lines serve 135 stations, while there are six stations on the Delhi Airport Metro Express line – for a total of 141 stations, as of September 2013.
  41. ^ The 41.5 km (25.8 mi) Line 5 of the Tehran Metro is a commuter rail line, and so is not included in the statistics here - only Lines 1-4 are.
  42. ^ Opening of metro-standards Line 2.
  43. ^ Extension of Line 3.
  44. ^ Naples Metro is made up of Line 1 and Line 6 only. Line 2 is a commuter rail line.
  45. ^ Opening of Toledo station on Line 1 of Naples Metro.
  46. ^ a b c d e f g h i j In general, the majority of urban rail service in Japanese metropolitan areas is provided by systems not included in this list. For a complete list of urban rail systems in Japan, see List of urban rail systems in Japan.
  47. ^ Yŏnggwang and Puhŭng opened in 1987
  48. ^ Line 4 and Busan-Gimhae Light Rail Transit opened in 2011
  49. ^ Daegu Subway Line 2 extension opened in 2012.
  50. ^ Second phase of line 1
  51. ^ Line 1 fully opened
  52. ^ The Seoul Subway (Lines 1-9) is actually operated by three different operators – Seoul Metro, Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation (SMRT), and Seoul Metro Line9 Corporation. But because all of these lines are owned by the City Government of Seoul, they are counted together here in the table as one system.
  53. ^ Seoul Subway Line 7 extension opened in October 2012.
  54. ^ Includes the Bundang Line (52.9 km, 36 stations), Korail portions of Seoul Subway Line 3 (Islan Line: 19.2 km, 9 stations) and Seoul Subway Line 4 (Gwacheon Line: 11.8 km, 8 stations; and Ansan Line: 27.6 km, 14 stations), and the Suin Line (non-Ansan portion) (13.1 km, 8 stations).
  55. ^ This row is temporary, and is a purely arithmetical total for inclusion in a later 'Note' for these systems.
  56. ^ There are 147 stations on the network map, counting transfer stations as one. The sum of the number of the stations for all lines is 195.
  57. ^ Line 12 opened 2012.
  58. ^ Line 50, 53, and 54 are rapid transit. Numbers exclude the Amstelveen Line (Line 51) which is light rail.
  59. ^ The first underground portion was opened in 1928, but that was a tram line. One surface line has origins from 1898. System opened as a full Metro in 1966.
  60. ^ Opening of the completed Ring line in 2006.
  61. ^ The Red Line was expanded in 2012
  62. ^ Line M4 completed in 2011
  63. ^ The Downtown MRT Line Stage 1 was opened in 2013
  64. ^ Including MetroSur and other suburban lines, but not the three Metro Ligero de Madrid lines which are light rail.
  65. ^ Converted in 2012 from commuter line originally opened in 1912
  66. ^ Skarpnäck metro station opened in 1994
  67. ^ The Lausanne Metro has two lines. Line 1 is light rail, line 2 is rapid transit. Stats are for line 2 only.
  68. ^ Currently operational metro standards lines, M1 to M4, only included. All other Istanbul lines or segments are either Tram or Commuter rail, or are under construction, and so are not included here.
  69. ^ Extension of Line M2 to Yenikapı.
  70. ^ The Red Line was completed in 2012.
  71. ^ London's Metropolitan Railway first opened for service in 1863, operating steam locomotive trains in cut and cover tunnels. It began operating as a modern metro when electric-propulsion trains began operating on the system's first deep-level tube line in 1890.
  72. ^ When the Heathrow Terminal 5 station was opened.
  73. ^ The Red, Orange, and Blue lines of the subway are rapid transit. The originally-elevated Orange Line opened in 1901, sharing the Tremont Street Subway that opened in 1897 as an underground streetcar tunnel (for the light rail Green Line).
  74. ^ Dated from the opening of "The Loop", when the system became unified and electrified.
  75. ^ This figure comes from the sum of the following figures from the accompanying reference (i.e. "Facts at a Glance". Chicago Transit Authority. December 2012. Retrieved 2013-07-21. ): 35.8 miles of elevated route, 35.0 miles at grade level, 20.6 miles on embankments, and 11.4 miles of subway.
  76. ^ Rapid transit portion of L.A. Metro Rail only: Red and Purple lines. All other L.A. Metro Rail lines are Light rail, and are not included here.
  77. ^ This was the date of the last extension to the Red Line in the rapid transit portion of Los Angeles' Metro Rail.
  78. ^ First regular elevated railway service, originally cable hauled, began in 1868. Elevateds converted to steam power in 1870, electrified by 1903. The first section of electrified subway opened in 1904.
  79. ^ The total number of stations is 468, but with transfer stations counted only once, the number is 421 (including the temporarily closed Cortlandt Street – World Trade Center station.
  80. ^ On April 4, 2013, the 1 service was extended south to the South Ferry loops to replace service to South Ferry – Whitehall Street, which was damaged in Hurricane Sandy. This is not a permanent extension, nor is this new construction.
  81. ^ While the line opened as a railroad in 1860, it was not until 1925 that rapid transit equipment would be operated here.
  82. ^ Includes SEPTA's rapid transit lines only: Broad Street Line (Orange Line), Market–Frankford Line (Blue Line) and Norristown High Speed Line.
  83. ^ The Yunusobod Line was opened in 2001

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Milestones - Transport for London". Transport for London. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  2. ^ a b "Recommended basic reference for developing a minimum set of standards for voluntary use in the field of urban rail, according to mandate M/486". UITP (L’Union internationale des transports publics/International Association of Public Transport). 2011. Retrieved 2014-02-15. 
  3. ^ Schwandl, Robert (2007). "What is a metro?". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2008-01-14. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Fact Book Glossary - Mode of Service Definitions". American Public Transportation Association. 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-12. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "National Transit Database Glossary". U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Transit Administration. October 18, 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-12. 
  6. ^ "The demand for public transport: a practical guide" (pdf). Transport Research Laboratory. p. 6. Retrieved 2008-03-27. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Alger metro inaugurated". Railway Gazette. October 31, 2011. Retrieved 2013-09-14. 
  8. ^ Line 1, Schwandl, Robert. "Algiers - Al Jaza'ir". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-01-09. 
  9. ^ a b "Metrovías en Números". Metrovias. Retrieved 2013-09-14. 
  10. ^ a b c "Yerevan authorities negotiating new metro line projects with banks". ArmeniaNow.com. March 27, 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-04. 
  11. ^ Charbakh, Schwandl, Robert. "Yerevan". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  12. ^ "Wiener Linien - Company Profile". Wiener Linien. Retrieved 2013-09-14. 
  13. ^ "The History of the Vienna Metro". Horst. 2009. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  14. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Wien". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-09-14. 
  15. ^ a b c "U2 auf verlängerter Strecke unterwegs" [U2 Route Extended] (in German). Wiener Linien. 5 October 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-05. 
  16. ^ a b c "Baku Metro - History". Bakı Metropoliteni. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  17. ^ a b c d "Структура Метрополитен" [Structure - Metro] (in Russian). государственное предприятие "Минсктранс". 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  18. ^ "STIB - Historique de la STIB de 1970 à 1979" [STIB - History of STIB from 1970 to 1979] (in French). STIB. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-15. 
  19. ^ "Activity Report 2011 - Figures & statistics '11" (pdf). STIB/MIVB. p. 08. Retrieved 2013-09-15. 
  20. ^ a b "Empresa - História" [Company - History] (in Portuguese). CBTU - METRÔ BH. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  21. ^ "Operação - Linha em operação" [Operations - Line in operation] (in Portuguese). CBTU - METRÔ BH. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  22. ^ "Operação - Dados operacionais" [Operations - Operational data] (in Portuguese). CBTU - METRÔ BH. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  23. ^ a b "Sobre o metro - Memória" (in Portuguese). Companhia do Metropolitano do Distrito Federal - Metrô. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  24. ^ a b "Sobre o metro - Estrutura" (in Portuguese). Companhia do Metropolitano do Distrito Federal - Metrô. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  25. ^ a b "Mapa das Linhas - Metrô de Fortaleza". Metrô de Fortaleza - METROFOR. Retrieved 2013-08-22. 
  26. ^ a b "DATA DE INAUGURAÇÃO DE CADA ESTAÇÃO" [DATE OF INAUGURATION OF EACH STATION] (in Portuguese). MetrôRio. Retrieved 2013-09-18. 
  27. ^ a b "METRÔ RIO - RELATÓRIO DE ADMINISTRAÇÃO EM 31 DE DEZEMBRO DE 2012" [METRÔ RIO - MANAGEMENT REPORT OF 31 DECEMBER 2012] (pdf) (in Portuguese). MetrôRio. December 31, 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-18. 
  28. ^ a b c d "Metrô - Home - The Company - About". Companhia Do Metropolitano De São Paulo. 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-18. 
  29. ^ a b c d "General Info about Sofia Metro". MetroSofia.com. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
  30. ^ "Métro - Useful info - Networks - Métro". 2002. Retrieved 2013-09-01. 
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  32. ^ a b c d "2012 - TTC Operating Statistics". Toronto Transit Commission. 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  33. ^ "The Buzzer - 2011-01-14". TransLink. January 14, 2011. Retrieved 2013-07-23. 
  34. ^ a b "State of Good Repair". TransLink. March 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-23. 
  35. ^ "Corporativa - Historia - Historia de Metro" [Corporate - History - History of Metro] (in Spanish). Metro de Santiago. July 1, 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-18. 
  36. ^ a b "Guía del Viajero" [Plan Your Journey] (in Spanish). Metro de Santiago. Retrieved 2013-09-18. 
  37. ^ "Historia Metro Valparaíso - El servicio ferroviario del siglo XXI" [History Valparaíso Metro - The railway service of the 21st Century] (in Spanish). Metro Valparaíso. Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
  38. ^ a b "Red - Metro Valparaíso" [Network - Metro Valparaíso] (in Spanish). Metro Valparaíso. Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
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  40. ^ "北京地铁4条新线每日至少跑17小时" (in Chinese). Retrieved 2013-01-09. 
  41. ^ a b c "北京地铁10号线一圈57公里 创地下铁之最" (in Chinese). 北京日报. Retrieved 2013-05-06. 
  42. ^ BEIJING SUBWAY GUIDE
  43. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Chengdu". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  44. ^ 四条轨道线路撑起主城交通大动脉
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  46. ^ a b Schwandl, Robert. "Dalian". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
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  48. ^ "Guangzhou Metro - Corporate Overview". Gzmtr.com. Retrieved 2013-09-21. 
  49. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Guangzhou". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  50. ^ a b c IRJ: Trial operation starts on Harbin’s first metro line
  51. ^ a b c http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/814172.shtml Global Times: Metro line operational in China's Harbin
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  53. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Hangzhou". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
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  55. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Kunming". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
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  57. ^ 【12号线、16号线12月29日起载客试运营】
  58. ^ How many stations are there on the Shanghai Metro?
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  60. ^ 王晓婷 (December 30, 2011). "沈阳地铁二号线今日开通 市民可持试乘票免费乘车". 沈阳晚报 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2012-02-23. 
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  64. ^ "今日10时武汉地铁2号线开通 武汉迈入地铁时代(图)" (in Chinese). Retrieved 2012-12-28. 
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  66. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Zhengzhou". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-12-28. 
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  68. ^ a b "Nuestro Sistema - Metro" [Our System - Metro] (in Spanish). Metro de Medellín. 15 November 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-16. 
  69. ^ "History - Dopravní podnik hlavnívo města Prahy". Dopravní podnik hlavnívo města Prahy. Retrieved 2013-09-11. 
  70. ^ a b "Company Profile - Dopravní podnik hlavnívo města Prahy". Dopravní podnik hlavnívo města Prahy. Retrieved 2013-09-11. 
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  72. ^ National owner of most Danish tracks, "Banedanmark" official website, http://www.bane.dk/db/filarkiv/6034/Bilag_03_2011.pdf Map of tracks and their classification (Little dictionary "Baneklasser"="Track Classification";Hovedbane"="Main tracks", "Regionalbane"="Regional tracks"; "S-bane"="S-Bahn (S-tracks);"Lokalbane"="Local tracks") Conclution "S-baner" is a classification of its own. Labeling inspiration "S" came from S-Bahn in Berlin and Hamburg
  73. ^ At http://byenspuls.dsb.dk/byens_puls/ByensPuls.html the exact location of each train can be followed, "Byens puls" means "Pulse of the City"
  74. ^ http://www.dsb.dk/global/pdf/koereplaner/s-tog/2013/dagk%C3%B8replan%20h%20og%20w%202013.pdf At the first page a schematic map of all rail systems in Greater Copenhagen is presented. This includes the Metro, regional trains and local trains, but only the S-tog are coloured line by line though. After follows time tables, with exception of the B+ line, the other six lines departures every ten minute (every 5 minute for the F-line) Note ! since there is the Copenhagen Metro, the S-tog will not be defined as "metro" in Denmark, however all conciderations are fulfilled. The common definition is "bybane" which means "City rail"
  75. ^ http://bybane.net/ confirms last ref. "Bybane.net - om bybaner i København" translates to English "City Rail.net - about City Rails in Copenhagen
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  84. ^ a b "Fiche d’identité de l’Entreprise - LE METRO" [ID card of the company - THE METRO]. rtm.fr (in French). Retrieved 2013-09-28. 
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Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Vuchic, Vukan R. (2007). Urban Transit Systems and Technology. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-471-75823-5. 
  • Ovenden, Mark (2005). Metro Maps Of The World. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-288-7. 
  • Hinkel, W.; Treiber, K.; Valenta, G.; Liebsch, H. (2004). Underground Railways Yesterday - Today - Tomorrow. Schmid Verlag. ISBN 3-900607-44-3. 
  • Fischler, Stan (2000). Subways Of The World. MBI. ISBN 0-7603-0752-0. 
  • Garbutt, Paul (1997). World Metro Systems. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-191-0. 

External links[edit]