MHTML

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This article is about the mhtml webarchive format. For Mason file extension .mhtml, see Mason (Perl).
MHTML (MIME HTML)
Filename extension .mht, .mhtml
Internet media type multipart/related application/x-mimearchive
Type of format Markup language
Extended from HTML
Standard RFC 2557 (proposed 1999)

MHTML, short for MIME HTML, is a web page archive format used to combine in a single document the HTML code and its companion resources that are otherwise represented by external links (such as images, Flash animations, Java applets, and audio files). The content of an MHTML file is encoded as if it were an HTML e-mail message, using the MIME type multipart/related.
The first part of the file is an e-mail header. The second part part is normally encoded HTML. Subsequent parts are additional resources identified by their original URLs and encoded in base64. This format is sometimes referred to as MHT, after the suffix .mht given to such files by default when created by Microsoft Word, Internet Explorer, or Opera. MHTML is a proposed open standard, circulated in a revised edition in 1999 as RFC 2557.
The .mhtml (Web archive) and .eml (e-mail file) file extensions are interchangeable (the files can be renamed). The first can be sent by e-mail (and displayed by the email client if the html code is basic enough) and an e-mail message can be saved to an OS file and renamed to a Web archive extension.

Browser support[edit]

Some browsers support the MHTML format, either directly or through third-party extensions, but the process for saving a web page along with its resources as an MHTML file is not standardized. Due to this, a web page saved as an MHTML file using one browser may render differently on another.

Internet Explorer[edit]

Microsoft Internet Explorer, as of version 5.0, was the first browser to support reading and saving web pages and external resources to a single MHTML file.

Opera[edit]

Support for saving web pages as MHTML files was made available in the Opera 9.0 web browser.[1] From Opera 9.50 through the rest of the Presto-based Opera product line (currently at Opera 12.16 as of 19 July 2013), the default format for saving pages is MHTML. The initial release of the new Webkit/Blink-based Opera (Opera 15) did not support MHTML, but subsequent releases (Opera 16 onwards) do.

Firefox[edit]

Mozilla Firefox requires an extension to be installed to read and write MHT files. Many such extensions are freely available, two of which are the Mozilla Archive Format and UnMHT.

Although Firefox does not currently (as of version 28.0) include support for MHTML without the use of add-ons, there is source code available for viewing MHTML files within the related Thunderbird project, indicating that future support in Mozilla software such as Firefox may become available without such add-ons.

Safari[edit]

As of version 3.1.1 onwards, Apple Inc.'s Safari web browser does not natively support the MHTML format. Instead, Safari supports the webarchive format, and the OS X version includes a print-to-PDF feature.

As with most other modern web browsers, support for MHTML files can be added to Safari via various third-party extensions.

Konqueror[edit]

As of version 3.5.7, KDE's Konqueror web browser does not support MHTML files. An extension project, mhtconv, can be used to allow saving and viewing of MHTML files.

ACCESS NetFront[edit]

NetFront 3.4 (on devices such as the Sony Ericsson K850) can view and save MHTML files.

Google Chrome[edit]

Creating MHTML files in Google Chrome (v25+) is supported by toggling the experimental "Save Page as MHTML" option on the "chrome://flags" page, however, this replaces the original options of saving pages as HTML-only or HTML Complete files.[2]

MHT viewers[edit]

There are commercial software products for viewing MHTML files and converting them to other formats, such as PDF.

MIME type[edit]

MIME type for MHTML is not well agreed upon. Used MIME types include:

  • multipart/related
  • application/x-mimearchive
  • message/rfc822

Other apps[edit]

Problem Steps Recorder[edit]

Problem Steps Recorder for Windows can save its output to MHT format.

Save to Google Drive Chrome Extension[edit]

Provided by Google Drive Team, Chrome Extension can save to MHTML to Google Drive as one of outputs selectable in settings.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Santambrogio, Claudio (10 March 2006). "…and one more weekly!". Opera Software. Retrieved 2009-05-15. 
  2. ^ How to save a web page as MHT in chrome?, superuser.com[unreliable source?]

External links[edit]