Madanapalle

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Madanapalle
మదనపల్లె - मदनपल्ले - مدنپلی
City
Madanapalle city view
Madanapalle city view
Madanapalle is located in Andhra Pradesh
Madanapalle
Madanapalle
Coordinates: 13°33′N 78°30′E / 13.55°N 78.50°E / 13.55; 78.50Coordinates: 13°33′N 78°30′E / 13.55°N 78.50°E / 13.55; 78.50
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Chittoor
Area
 • Total 14.20 km2 (5.48 sq mi)
Elevation 695 m (2,280 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 135,669
 • Density 9,600/km2 (25,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 517 xxx
Telephone code +91–8571
Vehicle registration AP–03
Website Madanapalle Municiplaity

Madanapalle is a municipality and Divisional headquarter in Chittoor district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[2][3] This town is also known for its high quality silk, which are spun into saris and other types of clothing.

Etymology[edit]

The name of the town was originally Maryaada raamanna puram which changed to "Madanapalle". It is one of the biggest Revenue Divisions of the Chittoor district.

History[edit]

The history of Madanapalle was dates back to 907 AD in the reign of Chola Kingdom. Earlier, the town was located to west of Sri Yogabhogeswara Swami Temple. Upon vastu sastra corrections, Palegar Sriman Ahobilanayani thought to change the place of town. They left the cow to gaze the grass. The cow started gazing the grass along the forest and stopped at a particular place. That was the place decided for initiation of construction of new town. Ahobilanayani varu constructed fort around the town. Later on it destroyed with the age. The present streets in Madanapalle like Kota Street, Agarthala street, Sepoy street are the reminiscences of previous establishments.

Madanapalle was ruled by Vijayanagara Palegars namely Basanna and Madanna. In memory of their names, the two hills on the east of Madanapalle were named as “Madanna Hill” and “Basavanna Hill” which gradually transformed to Madinikonda and Basinikonda. During 907 – 955, Yadavanayikas and Hoyasalas ruled by Vijayanagara Empire. After its downfall, it went under the rule of Golkonda nawabs during 1565. During 1713, the Kadapa Nawab, Abdul Nabi Khan captured Madanapalle. Madanapalle was transformed from Karnataka provinson to Kadapa division. There was war between Kadapa Nawabs and Maharastra rulers for the sake of Madanapalle and Punganur provision. Kadapa Nawab was defeated by Balajirao Peshi and captured Madanapalle later Tipu Sultan annexed it before falling to the British.

Court yard in Madanapalle where Janaganamana first sung

Sir Thomas Munro was first collector of Cuddapah. He constructed a small thatched house at the present Collector’s bunglow and visited Madanapalle every summer. In 1850, Madanapalle was developed as subdivision and F.B.Manoly was the first Sub Collector. The town experienced several natural calamities like floods, famines and epidemics.

Rabindranath Tagore translated "Jana Gana Mana" from Bengali to English and also set it to music in Madanapalle. The National Anthem was written by Rabindranath Tagore as early as in 1911 and was sung at the annual session of the Indian National Congress at Calcutta on December 27 that year. But it was actually done in Besant Theosophical College, Madanapalle, where Tagore stayed for few days in February 1919 that the now familiar tune was set. It was Margaret Cousins, wife of educationist, Dr. James Henry Cousins, who composed the tune for ‘Janaganamana.’ Dr. Cousins was then the Principal of the Madanapalle College that was established by Dr. Annie Besant.

Geography[edit]

It is located at an average elevation of 695 m (2,280 ft) above mean sea level.

Madanapalle is located at 13°33′N 78°30′E / 13.55°N 78.50°E / 13.55; 78.50.[4]

Climate data for Madanapalle
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.3
(81.1)
30.2
(86.4)
33.4
(92.1)
34.9
(94.8)
35
(95)
32.1
(89.8)
30.2
(86.4)
30.1
(86.2)
29.9
(85.8)
28.6
(83.5)
26.8
(80.2)
25.7
(78.3)
30.35
(86.63)
Average low °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
16.8
(62.2)
19.4
(66.9)
22.2
(72)
23.6
(74.5)
22.8
(73)
21.8
(71.2)
21.8
(71.2)
21.2
(70.2)
20.2
(68.4)
17.8
(64)
15.6
(60.1)
19.89
(67.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 4
(0.16)
2
(0.08)
3
(0.12)
28
(1.1)
61
(2.4)
51
(2.01)
81
(3.19)
73
(2.87)
111
(4.37)
143
(5.63)
54
(2.13)
32
(1.26)
643
(25.32)
[citation needed]

Source : Climate[5]

Madanapalle has pleasantly mild, to warm summers with average high temperatures of 30 to 35 degrees Celsius (86 F to 95 F). Temperatures do not exceed 40 degrees Celsius (104 F)and winters are cold with temperatures between 7 to 15 degrees Celsius ( 44.6 F to 59 F). Usually summer lasts from March to June, with the advent of rainy season in June, followed by winter which lasts till the end of February.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 135,669. The total population constitute, 67,432 males, 68,237 females and 13,448 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 81.40% with 99,486 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[6]

Politics[edit]

Madanapalle is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh and the constituency number is 283.

Economy[edit]

The economy is based on agriculture and main products include tomato, mango, groundnut, tamarind and silk saris. Madanapalle is famous for agricultural products such as tomato, mango, groundnut, tamarind etc., Mainly the Tomato market in Madanapalle is the biggest tomato market in Andhra Pradesh. The tomatoes from here are supplied to the most of the southern states & some of the northern states in India.

It is also famous for silk and silk products like saris and other casuals. The quality of silk product is recognizable. You can get silk sarees here at production cost. These are supplied to all major cities in South India including Bangalore, Chennai and all silk product towns for sales. Madanapalle surroundings have enormous reserves of granite.

Religious culture[edit]

Madanapalle is a place, with different religions mixing together in an interesting display of diversity. In this place, major religious groups such as Hindus, Christians and Muslims live together in relative harmony. There are several important religious spots in the town such as the Sri Lord Venkateswara Temple, the Swamy Ayyappa Temple, the Saptha Kanyakalu Temple and the Sri Anjaneya Temple. The Shiridi Saibaba Temple, one of the oldest temples of Saibaba in India, is also located at Madanapalle. Mosques include, Jamia Masjid, Indira Nagar Masjid, Moti Masjid in Nehru Nagar and several mosques. Churches include the Arogyamatha Church, and Chamberlain Church [7] and the CSI Church. Culture-wise, the town is a center of vernacular diversity. The literary languages being used are Telugu and Urdu, with many organizations serving as literary fields to the two. The major ones include the Anjuman Taraqui Urdu and the Telugu Poet's Association.

Tourist Attractions[edit]

The narrow road to Horsely Hills is very scenic. It is surrounded throughout its entire length with dense growths of eucalyptus, jacaranda, allamanda and gulmohar trees. The major tourist places around Horsely hills are Lake Gangotri, Highview seeing place, Gaalibanda, Environmental park and the Horsley Hills Museum.

Horsley Hills[8] is also one of the few places to offer Zorbing in India. But it requires a prior reservation a day before and is normally offered on a group package of minimum 20. Other adventure sports conducted are Rapelling and Trekking.

The Environmental park known as EEC Centre was built with the help of a hydrogeologist and environmentalist from Hyderabad named Balijepalli Venkata Subba Rao, Director of the Centre For Resource Education. He spent the early years of his career in building EEC centres all over Andhra Pradesh trying to educate the common man about the importance of saving the environment and encouraging Eco Tourism.It is also called as Poor man's OOTY.

View from Horsley hills

Transport[edit]

Madanapalle is very well connected by road and rail. There are three Bus terminals in Madanapalle. State owned APSRTC buses run to different parts of the district and state. Madanapalle Road (CTM Railway station) is situated on the Tirupati - Guntakal BG line.Every Day Has a trains from Guntakal and Tirupathi also.Nearest Railway Station Is Kurabala Kota Railway Station in this station Passenger trains only stopped.Madanapalle Road (CTM Railway station) Stopped all trains. It has trains to Guntakal & Secunderabad.

Education[edit]

Madanapalle is the place of oldest educational institutions like Besant Theosophical College, Rishi Valley School,[9] Besant Theosophical College is one of the oldest colleges in the Rayalaseema Region of Andhra Pradesh. It was established much before Sri Venkateswara University was established. The college started on 19 July 1915. Initially it was affiliated to Madras University. In 1917 when Dr. Annie Besant led the agitation for "Home Rule", this institution, which became a centre of nationalist activities, was obliged to dissociate itself from the Madras University and became part of the newly organized National University. Dr. Rabindranath Tagore was the chancellor of the university.

During the visit of Tagore, "The Scout Movement" and "All India Women Association" were inaugurated at Madanapalle. In the year 1923, the college was re-affiliated to Madras University and continued for almost 30 years. After the separation of Andhra State and Madras State, the college was initially affiliated to Andhra University (1954–1956) and then to Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati.

Zilla Parishad High School, is an old and meritorious school founded in the year 1924,[10] catering standard education to the pupils. It is located just beside the RTC bus station.

GreenValley group of Institutions,has started "GreenValley School" at Chennai Highway in Madanapalli famous for value learning and sports.Students of this school are certified with merits in sports and co-curricular activities.Management encourages students equally in education,sports and co- curricular activities.

Jain Group of Institutions, Bangalore has started Jain Heritage School at bangalore road in madanapalle famous for its practical learning methods and school facilities

Rishi Valley School is an Indian boarding school, founded by the philosopher Jiddu Krishnamurti The school is reputed for its holistic approach to education in the spirit of Krishnamurti's pedagogical vision. Community service and extracurricular activities constitute an integral part of a student's schooling, as do active discussions and debates in classrooms, assemblies and club meetings. EducationWorld ranks the boarding school among the best in India. Varun Gandhi (son of sanjay gandhi) studied in Rishi Valley.

There are Four engineering Colleges in Madanapalle. They are Madanapalle Institute of Technology and Science(MITS), Sir Vishveshwaraiah Institute of Science & Technology(SVTM), Golden valley Integrated Campus(GVIC), Aditya College of Engineering.

[11] [12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Madanapalli Municipality". Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  3. ^ "Census 2011". The Official Website of Chittoor District. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  4. ^ Maps, Weather, Videos, and Airports for Madanapalle, India
  5. ^ http://en.climate-data.org/location/24110/”
  6. ^ "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  7. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-features/tp-fridayreview/the-magnificent-church-of-madanapalle/article3231021.ece
  8. ^ Horsley Hills Tour: Horsley Hills Famous Hill Station in Andhra Pradesh
  9. ^ Rishi Valley Education Centre
  10. ^ http://www.veethi.com/schools-in-india/zilla-parishad-high-school-zphs-madanapalli-detail-16271.htm
  11. ^ Home
  12. ^ "India's Top-ranked Legacy Boarding.Schools". EducationWorld: 138. September 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.