|• Body||Kadapa Municipal Corporation|
|• Total||164.08 km2 (63.35 sq mi)|
|Elevation||138 m (453 ft)|
|• Density||2,100/km2 (5,400/sq mi)|
|• Official||Telugu, Urdu|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
It is located 412 kilometres (256 mi) south of the state capital, Hyderabad and is 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of the Penna River. The city is surrounded on three sides by the Nallamala and Palakonda hills. The city is nicknamed "Gadapa" (which means 'Threshold') because it is the gateway from the west to the sacred hills of Tirumala, which is known for its connections to Venkateswara Swamy.
Kishkindakanda, one of the seven kandas of the Ramayanam, is believed to have happened in Vontimitta, Kadapa District. Vontimitta is 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the city. The Anjaneya Swamy temple in Gandi was also believed to be a part of the Ramayanam. It is believed that the statue of Anjaneya Swamy in Gandi was made by Rama on a hill stone with the tip of his arrow to acknowledge his help in finding Sita.
The city's name originated from the Telugu word "Gadapa " meaning threshold or gate. It was spelled "Cuddapah" but was changed to "Kadapa" on 19 August 2005 to reflect the local pronunciation of the name.
Kadapa was a part of the Chola Empire between the 11th and 14th centuries AD. It became part of the Vijayanagar Empire in the latter part of 14th century. The region was under the control of Gandikota Nayaks, governors of the Vijayanagara empire for about two centuries. The most illustrious ruler during this time was Pemmasani Thimma Nayudu (1422 CE) (Pemmasani Nayaks) who developed the region and constructed many tanks and temples here. Muslims of Golkonda conquered the region in 1594 when Mir Jumla II raidedGandikota fort and defeated Chinna Thimma Nayudu by treachery. Later the British took control of Kadapa District in 1800 CE. Although the town is an ancient one, it was probably extended by Neknam Khan, the Qutb Shahi commander, who called the extension "Neknamabad". The name "Neknamabad" was used for the town for some time but slowly fell into disuse and the records of the 18th century refer to the rulers not as Nawabs of Nekanamabad but Nawabs of Kadapa. Except for some years in the beginning, Kadapa District was the seat of the Mayana Nawabs in the 18th century. With the British occupation of the tract in 1800 CE it became the headquarters of one of the four subordinate collectorates under the principal collector Sir Thomas Munro. Monuments from the rule of the Kadapa District Nawabs are still found in the town. Most prominent among these are two towers and the dargahs. In 2004, Kadapa was recognized as a municipal corporation.
Kadapa is located at  It has an average elevation of 138 metres (452 ft). The District of Kadapa has an area of 8723 m². It is in shape an irregular parallelogram, divided into two nearly equal parts by the range of the Eastern Ghats, which intersects it throughout its entire length. The two tracts thus formed possess totally different features. The first, which constitutes the north, east and south-east of the district, is a low-lying plain; while the other, which comprises the southern and southwestern portion, forms a high table-land from 1500 to 2,500 ft (760 m) above sea-level. The chief river is the Penna, which enters the district from Bellary on the west, and flows eastwards into Nellore. Though a large and broad river, and in the rains containing a great volume of water, in the hot weather months it dwindles down to an inconsiderable stream. Its principal tributaries are the Kundu, Saglair, Cheyair and Papagni rivers..
In Kadapa there is sacred Ahobila Ksetram(Holy Place) in which Lord Narasimha Swamy Temple is located. Ahobila Kshetram(Holy Place) is the hilly forest area with highly densitive Bamboo trees because of which there is no roadway or footway to the Temple through Kadapa City, but there is a way via Allagadda, Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh.
As per provisional data of 2011 census, Kadapa urban agglomeration had a population of 344,078, out of which males were 172,969 and females were 171,109. The literacy rate was 79.34 per cent. Kadapa municipal corporation had a population of 341,823.
Places of Interest
- Devuni Kadapa is ancient Hindu temple located in Old Kadapa (locally called 'Patha Kadapa') about 4.5 kilometres away from New bus stand.The temple has idol of Lord Venkateswara with Lord Hanuman's idol engraved on the backside wall.It is popularly considered as 'Thirumala Tholi Gadapa' which means 'First entrance to Tirumala'. As per tradition, people visit this temple before leaving for Tirumala as it is believed that Lord Vekateswara first landed his foot here and then on Tirumala.
- Ameen Peer Dargah (Asthana-e-Magdoom Ilahi Dargah) is famous Sufi holy place located in Nakash Colony,about 4 kilometres from New bus stand.The shrine has the tombs of saints Peerullah Hussaini and Arifullah Hussaini II. Apart from pilgrims from all over India, it is frequently visited by celebrities irrespective of their religions. It stands as an epitome of religious harmony.
- Old Lake (Patha Kadapa Cheruvu) in Old Kadapa is on the way to Devuni Kadapa and is very suitable for boating during months of September and October.
- C.P.Brown Charles Phillip Brown library.
- Bhagvan Mahavir Government Museum.
- St. Mary's Cathedral Church, Mariapuram
- Vijaya Durga Devi Temple on Kadapa-Chittoor NH.
- Kadapa Shilparamam.
- Y.S. Raja Reddy Cricket Stadium
- Pallakondallu Water Falls
The town is famous for its 7 Roads Circle at the center,which is the cluster of all banks and government offices.The town's shopping complex is located along Y.V Street (Yadaalla Venkatachalapati Street),B.K.M Street (Bahadur Khan Masjid Street),Trunk Road and Madras Road.
- Haleema Sadiya Muslim Girls Orphanage  is operating in Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India since 2005.It is caring for around 100 orphan/destitute girls.The main aim of the orphanage is to render proper care,and impart both Islamic and worldly education and thus uplift the orphan girls.
- Vijaya Foundation Trust (VFT) is Indian NGO established to combat socio-economic imbalances and help under-privileged men,women and children. Aarthi Home is a prestigious project of VFT which was started in Kadapa in 1992 as a home for abandoned girls. Later it expanded to fight against the gender inequality by focusing on financial freedom and empowerment of women through vocational training.The organisation provides home to about 250 children and has trained over 10000 women.
There are numerous schools and colleges in Kadapa. These include:
- Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS), Putlam palli
- Kandula Srinivasa Reddy Memorial College of Engineering
- Hyderabad Public School
- Yogi Vemana University
- Dr.YSR Sports School
- Madina Engineering College
- Sri Venkateswara Institute of Science and Technology (SVIST)
- "Brief about Kadapa Municipal Corporation". www.cdma.gov.in. Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
- "India Post- PIN Code Search". http://www.indiapost.gov.in/. Department of Posts, Ministry of Communications & Information Technology, Government of India. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
- "STD Codes (Andhra Pradesh)". Sarkaritel. 2005. Retrieved 2009-10-19.
- "It will be `Kadapa' henceforth". The Hindu. 18 August 2005. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
- Carnatic Chronology: Hindu and Mahomedan, C. P. Brown, 1863, Bernard Quartich, London
- name="imperial-gazetteer-vol_11">The Imperial Gazetteer of India 11. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1908-19-31. pp. 57–73.
- "Brief about Kadapa Municipal Corporation". Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Cuddapah
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-20.
- "Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-20.
- "Sri Laxmi Venkateswara Swamy Temple Devuni kadapa". http://apalltemples.com/. SSwastic info. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- "AMEEN PEER DARGAH". http://fashionkadapa.blogspot.in/. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- "Tributes paid to C.P. Brown". The Hindu. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
- "About Bhagvan Mahavir Government Museum". http://www.holidayiq.com/. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- "Sri Vijaya Durga Devi Brahmotsavam begins". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 February 2011.