Kadapa

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Kadapa
కడప
Cuddapah
City
Montage of Kadapa city. clockwise from Top Left: A Clock tower in Kadapa, Railway Station, An Industry near Kadapa, RIMS Dental College in Kadapa
Montage of Kadapa city. clockwise from Top Left: A Clock tower in Kadapa, Railway Station, An Industry near Kadapa, RIMS Dental College in Kadapa
Kadapa is located in Andhra Pradesh
Kadapa
Kadapa
Coordinates: 14°28′N 78°55′E / 14.47°N 78.92°E / 14.47; 78.92Coordinates: 14°28′N 78°55′E / 14.47°N 78.92°E / 14.47; 78.92
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Rayalaseema
District Kadapa
Government
 • Body Municipal Corporation
Area[1]
 • Total 164.08 km2 (63.35 sq mi)
Elevation 138 m (453 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 344,078
 • Density 2,100/km2 (5,400/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu, Urdu[2]
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 516001,516002,516003,516004 [3]
Telephone code 08562[4]
Vehicle registration AP-04
Website Kadapa Municipal Corporation

Kadapa (formerly known as Cuddapah) is a city (municipal corporation) in Rayalseema, a region of the south-central part of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is the district headquarters of Kadapa district.

It is located 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of the Penna River. The city is surrounded on three sides by the Nallamala and Palakonda hills. The city is nicknamed "Gadapa" (which means 'Threshold') because it is the gateway from the west to the sacred hills of Tirumala, which is known for its connections to Venkateswara Swamy.

Toponymy[edit]

The city's name originated from the Telugu word "Gadapa" meaning threshold or gate. It was spelled "Cuddapah" but was changed to "Kadapa" on 19 August 2005 to reflect the local pronunciation of the name.[5]

History[edit]

Kadapa was a part of the Chola Empire between the 11th and 14th centuries AD. It became part of the Vijayanagar Empire in the latter part of 14th century. The region was under the control of Gandikota Nayaks, governors of the Vijayanagara empire for about two centuries. The most illustrious ruler during this time was Pemmasani Thimma Nayudu (1422 CE) (Pemmasani Nayaks) who developed the region and constructed many tanks and temples here. Muslims of Golkonda conquered the region in 1594 when Mir Jumla II raidedGandikota fort and defeated Chinna Thimma Nayudu by treachery. Later the British took control of Kadapa District in 1800 CE. Although the town is an ancient one, it was probably extended by Neknam Khan, the Qutb Shahi commander, who called the extension "Neknamabad". The name "Neknamabad" was used for the town for some time but slowly fell into disuse and the records of the 18th century refer to the rulers not as Nawabs of Nekanamabad but Nawabs of Kadapa.[citation needed] Except for some years in the beginning, Kadapa District was the seat of the Mayana Nawabs in the 18th century.[citation needed] With the British occupation of the tract in 1800 CE it became the headquarters of one of the four subordinate collectorates under the principal collector Sir Thomas Munro.[citation needed] Monuments from the rule of the Kadapa District Nawabs are still found in the town. Most prominent among these are two towers and the dargahs.[citation needed] In 2004, Kadapa was recognized as a municipal corporation.[6]

Geography and climate[edit]

Kadapa is located at 14°28′N 78°49′E / 14.47°N 78.82°E / 14.47; 78.82.[7]

Kadapa has tropical wet and dry climate characterized by year round high temperatures. Kadapa have record of reaching more than 50 degree Celsius.

Climate data for Kadapa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.5
(86.9)
34.4
(93.9)
37.5
(99.5)
39.6
(103.3)
40.1
(104.2)
36.9
(98.4)
35.0
(95)
33.9
(93)
33.4
(92.1)
32.4
(90.3)
30.2
(86.4)
29.2
(84.6)
34.42
(93.97)
Average low °C (°F) 18.5
(65.3)
20.6
(69.1)
23.3
(73.9)
26.9
(80.4)
28.2
(82.8)
26.5
(79.7)
24.9
(76.8)
24.4
(75.9)
24.3
(75.7)
23.8
(74.8)
20.9
(69.6)
18.0
(64.4)
23.36
(74.03)
Precipitation mm (inches) 0.7
(0.028)
1
(0.04)
4
(0.16)
17
(0.67)
48
(1.89)
76
(2.99)
122
(4.8)
114
(4.49)
133
(5.24)
149
(5.87)
68
(2.68)
24
(0.94)
756.7
(29.798)
[citation needed]

source="http://en.climate-data.org/location/4943/"

Demographics[edit]

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Kadapa urban agglomeration had a population of 344,078, out of which males were 172,969 and females were 171,109. The literacy rate was 79.34 per cent. Kadapa municipal corporation had a population of 341,823.Hindus-75% Christians3%, Muslims-22%-[8][9]

Education[edit]

There are good number of schools, Degree colleges, Engineering colleges and University as well in Kadapa. These include:

Transport[edit]

Kadapa railway station is located on Guntakal-Chennai line which is part of Mumbai-Chennai line.


Hospitals[edit]

The following are the notable hospitals in the district.

Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences(RIMS), Putlam palli

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Brief about Kadapa Municipal Corporation". www.cdma.gov.in. Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  2. ^ http://www.languageinindia.com/april2003/urduinap.html
  3. ^ "India Post- PIN Code Search". http://www.indiapost.gov.in/. Department of Posts, Ministry of Communications & Information Technology, Government of India. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  4. ^ "STD Codes (Andhra Pradesh)". Sarkaritel. 2005. Retrieved 2009-10-19. 
  5. ^ "It will be `Kadapa' henceforth". The Hindu. 18 August 2005. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  6. ^ "Brief about Kadapa Municipal Corporation". Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 27 November 2012. 
  7. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Cuddapah
  8. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  9. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 

External links[edit]

Official Website

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.