Madhesi people

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Madheshii People
Regions with significant populations
   Nepal ±35% total population, Total population Around 8500000 (2011)[1][2][3][4]
Languages
Maithali, Bhojpuri, Urdu, Awadhi, Hindi,Tharu, Bajjika, Nepali, Rana-Tharu, Rajbanshi Magahi etc.[1]
Religion
Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam
Related ethnic groups
Indo-Aryan peoples

The Madheshi (Madhesī, Devnagri: मधेशी) are Nepali people inhabitants of Terai of Nepal geographically a southern strip of the country stretching from Southeast to Northwest boarding Indian territory to the south east and west. Madhesi is a collection of different communities, and madhesi people doesn't represent a single ethinicity. The term Madhesh implies to the Gangetic plain and the Inner valley between Siwalik and the higher Mountain. The Terai region, which is mostly a flatland, is geographically and culturally distinct from the hills. According to the population census in 2011, it occupies 17 per cent of total area and 51per cent of the total population of Nepal.

Area and population[edit]

The total land area of Terai is less than 34,109 km2 and it comprise 20 Districts which accounts for 23.1% of the country's total area but it includes Inner Terai regions and Sivalik Hills also. In 2001, 48.4% of the country's total population of 23.2 million lived in Terai districts with a density of 329 persons/km2. While in 2011 more than 50% of the total population was reported to be living in Terai plain and Bhitri (inner) Madhesh together cover 20%-25% of the country's total area.

Etymology[edit]

The word madhesi or madheshi is the adjectival form of madhesh, which usually refers to the Terai region. Madhesh (मधेश) derives from the Sanskrit words Madhya Desh (मध्य देश), meaning "middle country."[5]

Religion[edit]

While the majority of Madhesis are caste-observant Hindus, there is great cultural and religious diversity in the Madhesh. Two closely synchronized religious groups – Hindus -and Buddhists – live there. The social structure of Madhesi caste Hindus is somewhat similar to that of Terai immgrants Pahadi Hindus from hills of Nepal.[6][7][8]

Language[edit]

Maithili and Tharu is the mother languages of Maithili and Tharu people respectively. Maithili is the most spoken language of Madhesi people at around 53% of them. At around 12% of the total Nepali people are Maithili speakers. most Other Significant mother tongue languages includes Bhojpuri, Nepali, Awadhi, Urdu and Bajika and although lingua franca language of Nepali people is Nepali language, in Terai particularly and among Madhesi people, it is Maithali, which is official language of Terai. Urdu and Hindi was a lingua franca before monarchy in Nepal.

Demonym[edit]

Notable People[edit]

The following are notable people of Madhesi ethnicity.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://cbs.gov.np/
  2. ^ "Madhesi are 38% of total population - Nepal Census Bureau of Statistics, 2001 A.D". 
  3. ^ "Social Classes and Stratification". Nepal: A country study (Savada, Andrea Matles, ed.). Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress of the USA (1991).  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  4. ^ Shrestha, Manesh (2008-03-19). "Three Nepali Madhesi killed in pre-election violence in Nepal". CNN online. Retrieved 2011-05-07. 
  5. ^ "Ethnic Groups". Nepal: A country study (Savada, Andrea Matles, ed.). Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress of the USA (1991).  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  6. ^ "Religion and Society". Nepal: A country study (Savada, Andrea Matles, ed.). Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress of the USA (1991).  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  7. ^ "Hinduism". Nepal: A country study (Savada, Andrea Matles, ed.). Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress of the USA (1991).  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  8. ^ Lawoti, Mahendra (2005). Towards a democratic Nepal: inclusive political institutions for a multicultural society. SAGE. pp. 91–98, 126. ISBN 0-7619-3318-2. 
  9. ^ Madhesi are the indigenous Nepali people of Terai
  10. ^ Buddha who was born in Madhesh of Nepal becames the light of Asia
  11. ^ Nepali King of Madhesi ethnicity
  12. ^ Nepali Princess of Madhesi ethnicity
  13. ^ Madhesi social activist
  14. ^ Gachhedar a Madhesi politician
  15. ^ Ram Baran Yadav
  16. ^ Suhasini, Lalitha (19 July 2005). "Destiny’s child". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 

Further reading[edit]

Deepak Chaudhary. 2011. Tarai/Madhesh of Nepal; An Anthropological Study. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.