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Main article: Somali clan
Total population
9000 (1960's estimate)
Regions with significant populations
Related ethnic groups
Somali clans

The Madhiban (Somali: Madhibaan), also known as the Midgaan (an appellation which is sometimes used pejoratively[1]), is a Somali clan.


Its members are principally concentrated in northern Somalia, numbering only around 9,000 individuals (1960's estimate).

The Madhiban trace descent from a patriarch named Musa Deriyeh. They were traditionally hunters, but now engage in occupational activities such as leather work (shoemaking).

Because of their farmer-craftsmen history, which some Somalis consider to be lower caste occupations, they are sometimes viewed as being of a lower caste or class.

As Gabboye, the Madhiban along with the Yibir and Tumaal (collectively referred to as sab) have since obtained political representation within Somalia, and their general social status has improved with the expansion of urban centers.[2]

Notable Madhiban[edit]


  1. ^ The Middle East, Issue 4, (Northumberland Press: 2007), p.196
  2. ^ Lewis, I.M. (2008). Understanding Somalia and Somaliland: Culture, History, Society. Columbia University Press. p. 8. ISBN 0231700849. 


  • Hassan Ali Jama, Who cares about Somalia, (Verlag Hans Schiler: 2005)
  • I.M. Lewis, A pastoral democracy, (James Currey Publishers: 1999)