Marine Air Support Squadron 3

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Marine Air Support Squadron 3
MASS-3 squadron insignia.png
MASS-3 insignia
Active
  • August 3, 1950–present
Country United States
Branch USMC
Type Aviation command and control
Role Provide the DASC
Part of Marine Air Control Group 38
3rd Marine Aircraft Wing
Garrison/HQ Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton
Nickname "Blacklist"
"Landshark" (Vietnam)
Motto Ulla Tempore, Ullo Situ
"Any time, Any place"
Engagements Vietnam War
* Battle of Khe Sahn
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Iraqi Freedom
* 2003 invasion of Iraq
Operation Enduring Freedom
Commanders
Current
commander
LtCol Mark W. Micke

Marine Air Support Squadron 3 (MASS-3), is a United States Marine Corps aviation command and control unit that provides the Direct Air Support Center (DASC) for the 1st Marine Expeditionary Force. They are based out of the 32 Area on Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California and fall under the command of Marine Air Control Group 38 and the 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing.

Mission[edit]

Provide Direct Air Support Center (DASC) and DASC-Airborne capabilities for control and coordination of aircraft operating in direct support of Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) Operations.”

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

Marine Tactical Air Control Group 2 was formed on August 3, 1950 as part of the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing. Later that month they were redesignated as Marine Tactical Air Control Squadron 3 (MTACS-3) under Marine Air Control Group 2. On March 28, 1951 they moved under the control of Marine Air Control Group 3 (MACG-3).

The original Marine Air Support Squadron was composed of a Direct Air Support Center, and three Air Support Radar Teams (ASRTs). They utilized the AN/TSQ-122 Direct Air Support Central. The AN/TSQ-122 was a large control system housed in a rigid fiberglass modular structure. To provide an echelon capability, the MASS squadron also operated and maintained the AN/UYQ-3 air/mobile DASC. The AN/UYQ-3 could operate in a modified KC-130 aircraft, as well as on the back of a 2.5 short tons (2.3 t) truck. Together, the Marine Air Support Squadron was capable of supporting the full range of MAGTFs, up to and including a MarineAmphibious Force (MAF).

They received their current designation of Marine Air Support Squadron 3 on February 15, 1954. In October 1962, MASS-3 deployed to the Caribbean during the Cuban Missile Crisis but in December of that year were relocated to Marine Corps Air Station El Toro.

Vietnam War[edit]

See "History" under Direct Air Support Center.

MASS-3 operated in Vietnam from November 1966 until June 1971. On January 16 and 17, 1968, Air Support Radar Team B (ASRT-B) from MASS-3 displaced from Chu Lai to Khe Sanh to handle ground controlled radar bombing missions. On January 20 the DASC was brought into Khe Sahn as well.[1]

During their time in Vietnam, MASS-3 Air Support Radar Teams controlled more than 38,010 AN/TPQ-10 missions, directing more than 121,000 short tons (110,000 t) of ordnance on 56,753 targets. They operated from Chu Lai and Da Nang during this time.

The 1980s and 1990s[edit]

In May 1980, MASS-3 again relocated, this time to Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton. In August 1990, the unit was deployed to Saudi Arabia and later participated in Operation Desert Storm returning home in March 1991.

Operation Iraqi Freedom[edit]

IRAQ – Lance Cpl. John A. Marcogliese of MASS-3 stands guard at one of several Olympic stadiums in Baghdad during the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

MASS 3 began sending units to Kuwait in October 2002 as part of the troop build-up for what would become Operation Iraqi Freedom. MASS-3 provided air support for the 1st Marine Division from the Kuwaiti border to Tikrit and had units remain in country until the division redeployed in October 2003. MASS-3 returned to Iraq in January 2004 and provided air support for the Division again until January 2004. They again deployed to Iraq in early 2006 for the third time.[2] The unit deployed for another year long tour in Iraq beginning in early 2008.

Operation Enduring Freedom[edit]

In April 2010, MASS-3 deployed to Afghanistan for the first time in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. They supported combat operations in support of I MEF for a year while based at Camp Leatherneck.

Unit awards[edit]

Since the beginning of World War II, the United States military has honored various units for extraordinary heroism or outstanding non-combat service. This information is compiled by the United States Marine Corps History Division and is certified by the Commandant of the Marine Corps.

Streamer Award Year(s) Additional Info
A streamer with red, gold, and blue horizontal stripes with a bronze star in the center Presidential Unit Citation Streamer with one Bronze Star 1965–1967, 2003 Vietnam, Iraq
A green streamer with red, gold, and blue horizontal stripes along the top and bottom with one silver star in the center Navy Unit Commendation Streamer with one Silver Star and two Bronze Stars 1967-1968, 1990–1991, 2004–2005, 2010-2011 Vietnam, Southwest Asia, Iraq, Afghanistan
A green streamer with red, gold, and blue horizontal stripes and four stars in the center Meritorious Unit Commendation Streamer with four Bronze Stars 1967–1971, 1971, 1985-87, 1988-1989, 1998-1999 Vietnam, Vietnam,
A red streamer with a horizontal gold stripe and three bronze stars in the center National Defense Service Streamer with three Bronze Stars 1951–1954, 1961–1974, 1990–1995, 2001–present Korean War, Vietnam War, Gulf War, War on Terrorism
A multicolored streamer with (from outer to inner) green, yellow, brown, black, light blue, dark blue, white, and red horizontal stripes Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamer

A yellow streamer with two green horizontal stripes on the outside and three horizontal red stripes and two silver stars and one bronze star in the center Vietnam Service Streamer with two Silver Stars and one bronze star

A multicolored streamer with (from outer to inner) black, yellow, blue, white, red, yellow, and green horizontal stripes, with a grey horizontal stripe and two bronze stars in the center Southwest Asia Service Streamer with two Bronze Stars

A multicolored streamer with (from outer to inner) green, red, black (the three colors of the Afghan flag), white, red, and white again horizontal stripes with a blue horizontal stripe in the center Afghanistan Campaign Streamer with three bronze stars 2010, 2011–2012 Consolidation III, Transition I
A multicolored streamer with (from outer to inner) red, white, green, white again, black (the colors of the Iraqi flag) horizontal stripes with a yellow horizontal stripe in the center Iraq Campaign Streamer with three bronze stars

Streamer gwotS.PNG Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Streamer 2001–present
A blue streamer with yellow, red, and white horizontal stripes Global War on Terrorism Service Streamer 2001–present
A gold streamer with red horizontal stripes on the outer portions and a green palm in the center Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm Streamer 1965–1971
A green streamer with red horizontal stripes Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation Civil Actions Streamer 1965–1971

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Khe Sahn Vietnam War Chronology". www.patriotfiles.com. Retrieved December 24, 2007. 
  2. ^ MASS-3 links ground to air in Fallujah

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.
Bibliography
Web

External links[edit]