Isotopes of mercury

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There are seven stable isotopes of mercury (Hg) with 202Hg being the most abundant (29.86%). The longest-lived radioisotopes are 194Hg with a half-life of 444 years, and 203Hg with a half-life of 46.612 days. Most of the remaining radioisotopes have half-lives that are less than a day. 199Hg and 201Hg are the most often studied NMR-active nuclei, having spins of 1/2 and 3/2 respectively.

Mercury-180, producible from thallium-180, was found in 2010 to be capable of an unusual form of spontaneous fission.[1] The fission products are krypton-80 and ruthenium-100.

Standard atomic weight: 200.592(3) u

Table[edit]

nuclide
symbol
Z(p) N(n)  
isotopic mass (u)
 
half-life decay
mode(s)[2][n 1]
daughter
isotope(s)[n 2]
nuclear
spin
representative
isotopic
composition
(mole fraction)
range of natural
variation
(mole fraction)
excitation energy
171Hg 80 91 171.00376(32)# 80(30) µs
[59(+36-16) µs]
3/2-#
172Hg 80 92 171.99883(22) 420(240) µs
[0.25(+35-9) ms]
0
173Hg 80 93 172.99724(22)# 1.1(4) ms
[0.6(+5-2) ms]
3/2-#
174Hg 80 94 173.992864(21) 2.0(4) ms
[2.1(+18-7) ms]
0+
175Hg 80 95 174.99142(11) 10.8(4) ms α 171Pt 5/2-#
176Hg 80 96 175.987355(15) 20.4(15) ms α (98.6%) 172Pt 0+
β+ (1.4%) 176Au
177Hg 80 97 176.98628(8) 127.3(18) ms α (85%) 173Pt 5/2-#
β+ (15%) 177Au
178Hg 80 98 177.982483(14) 0.269(3) s α (70%) 174Pt 0+
β+ (30%) 178Au
179Hg 80 99 178.981834(29) 1.09(4) s α (53%) 175Pt 5/2-#
β+ (47%) 179Au
β+, p (.15%) 178Pt
180Hg[n 3] 80 100 179.978266(15) 2.58(1) s β+ (52%) 180Au 0+
α (48%) 176Pt
SF 100Ru, 80Kr
181Hg 80 101 180.977819(17) 3.6(1) s β+ (64%) 181Au 1/2(-)
α (36%) 177Pt
β+, p (.014%) 180Pt
β+, α (9×10−6%) 177Ir
181mHg 210(40)# keV 13/2+
182Hg 80 102 181.97469(1) 10.83(6) s β+ (84.8%) 182Au 0+
α (15.2%) 178Pt
β+, p (10−5%) 181Pt
183Hg 80 103 182.974450(9) 9.4(7) s β+ (74.5%) 183Au 1/2-
α (25.5%) 179Pt
β+, p (5.6×10−4%) 182Pt
183m1Hg 198(14) keV 13/2+#
183m2Hg 240(40)# keV 5# s β+ 183Au 13/2+#
184Hg 80 104 183.971713(11) 30.6(3) s β+ (98.89%) 184Au 0+
α (1.11%) 180Pt
185Hg 80 105 184.971899(17) 49.1(10) s β+ (94%) 185Au 1/2-
α (6%) 181Pt
185mHg 99.3(5) keV 21.6(15) s IT (54%) 185Hg 13/2+
β+ (46%) 185Au
α (.03%) 181Pt
186Hg 80 106 185.969362(12) 1.38(6) min β+ (99.92%) 186Au 0+
α (.016%) 182Pt
186mHg 2217.3(4) keV 82(5) µs (8-)
187Hg 80 107 186.969814(15) 1.9(3) min β+ 187Au 3/2-
α (1.2×10−4%) 183Pt
187mHg 59(16) keV 2.4(3) min β+ 187Au 13/2+
α (2.5×10−4%) 183Pt
188Hg 80 108 187.967577(12) 3.25(15) min β+ 188Au 0+
α (3.7×10−5%) 184Pt
188mHg 2724.3(4) keV 134(15) ns (12+)
189Hg 80 109 188.96819(4) 7.6(1) min β+ 189Au 3/2-
α (3×10−5%) 185Pt
189mHg 80(30) keV 8.6(1) min β+ 189Au 13/2+
α (3×10−5%) 185Pt
190Hg 80 110 189.966322(17) 20.0(5) min β+ 190Au 0+
α (5×10−5%) 186Pt
191Hg 80 111 190.967157(24) 49(10) min β+ 191Au 3/2(-)
191mHg 128(22) keV 50.8(15) min β+ 191Au 13/2+
192Hg 80 112 191.965634(17) 4.85(20) h EC 192Au 0+
α (4×10−6%) 188Pt
193Hg 80 113 192.966665(17) 3.80(15) h β+ 193Au 3/2-
193mHg 140.76(5) keV 11.8(2) h β+ (92.9%) 193Au 13/2+
IT (7.1%) 193Hg
194Hg 80 114 193.965439(13) 444(77) a EC 194Au 0+
195Hg 80 115 194.966720(25) 10.53(3) h β+ 195Au 1/2-
195mHg 176.07(4) keV 41.6(8) h IT (54.2%) 195Hg 13/2+
β+ (45.8%) 195Au
196Hg 80 116 195.965833(3) Observationally Stable[n 4] 0+ 0.0015(1)
197Hg 80 117 196.967213(3) 64.14(5) h EC 197Au 1/2-
197mHg 298.93(8) keV 23.8(1) h IT (91.4%) 197Hg 13/2+
EC (8.6%) 197Au
198Hg 80 118 197.9667690(4) Observationally Stable[n 5] 0+ 0.0997(20)
199Hg 80 119 198.9682799(4) Observationally Stable[n 6] 1/2- 0.1687(22)
199mHg 532.48(10) keV 42.66(8) min IT 199Hg 13/2+
200Hg 80 120 199.9683260(4) Observationally Stable[n 7] 0+ 0.2310(19)
201Hg 80 121 200.9703023(6) Observationally Stable[n 8] 3/2- 0.1318(9)
201mHg 766.22(15) keV 94(3) µs 13/2+
202Hg 80 122 201.9706430(6) Observationally Stable[n 9] 0+ 0.2986(26)
203Hg 80 123 202.9728725(18) 46.595(6) d β- 203Tl 5/2-
203mHg 933.14(23) keV 24(4) µs (
204Hg 80 124 203.9734939(4) Observationally Stable[n 10] 0+ 0.0687(15)
205Hg 80 125 204.976073(4) 5.14(9) min β- 205Tl 1/2-
205mHg 1556.40(17) keV 1.09(4) ms IT 205Hg 13/2+
206Hg 80 126 205.977514(22) 8.15(10) min β- 206Tl 0+
207Hg 80 127 206.98259(16) 2.9(2) min β- 207Tl (9/2+)
208Hg 80 128 207.98594(32)# 42(5) min
[41(+5-4) min]
β- 208Tl 0+
209Hg 80 129 208.99104(21)# 37(8) s 9/2+#
210Hg 80 130 209.99451(32)# 10# min
[>300 ns]
0+
  1. ^ Abbreviations:
    EC: Electron capture
    IT: Isomeric transition
  2. ^ Bold for stable isotopes
  3. ^ When produced from 180Tl can also undergo fission to 100Ru and 80Kr
  4. ^ Believed to undergo α decay to 192Pt or β+β+ decay to 196Pt with a half-life over 2.5×1018 years
  5. ^ Believed to undergo α decay to 194Pt
  6. ^ Believed to undergo α decay to 195Pt
  7. ^ Believed to undergo α decay to 196Pt
  8. ^ Believed to undergo α decay to 197Pt
  9. ^ Believed to undergo α decay to 198Pt
  10. ^ Believed to undergo α decay to 200Pt or β-β- decay to 204Pb

Notes[edit]

  • Values marked # are not purely derived from experimental data, but at least partly from systematic trends. Spins with weak assignment arguments are enclosed in parentheses.
  • Uncertainties are given in concise form in parentheses after the corresponding last digits. Uncertainty values denote one standard deviation, except isotopic composition and standard atomic mass from IUPAC which use expanded uncertainties.

References[edit]


Isotopes of gold Isotopes of mercury Isotopes of thallium
Table of nuclides