|Subdivisions||Kernstadt and 13 Stadtteile|
|• Lord Mayor||Udo Glatthaar (CDU)|
|• Total||129.97 km2 (50.18 sq mi)|
|Elevation||206 m (676 ft)|
|• Density||170/km2 (440/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
TBB (Main-Tauber-Kreis)MGH (registered again)
Mergentheim (Latin: Mariae domus, or Mary's home) is mentioned in chronicles as early as 1058, as the residence of the family of the counts of Hohenlohe, who early in the 13th century assigned the greater part of their estates in and around Mergentheim to the Teutonic order. In 1340 Mergentheim got Town privileges. It rapidly increased in fame, and became the most important of the eleven commanderies of that society. On the secularization of the Teutonic Order in Prussia in 1525, Mergentheim became the residence of the grand master, and remained so until the final dissolution of the order in 1809 by Napoleon.
Bad Mergentheim's fortunes were reversed in 1826, when a shepherd by the name of Franz Gehring discovered rich mineral springs in the surrounding area, during the time when spas were expanding in Germany at a rapid pace. The water turned out to be the strongest sodium-sulfate water in all of Europe, especially effective for the treatment of digestive disorders.
In the 1970s several neighbouring villages were incorporated during the "Gemeindereform".
Althausen (600), Apfelbach (350), Dainbach (370), Edelfingen (1.400), Hachtel (360), Herbsthausen (200), Löffelstelzen (1,000), Markelsheim (2,000), Neunkirchen (1,000), Rengershausen (480), Rot (260), Stuppach (680), Wachbach (1,300)
The most interesting sight in Bad Mergentheim is the Deutschordensschloss, the medieval castle where the Teutonic Knights once had their home base. It is a complex of buildings built over a period of eight hundred years. The first buildings of the castle were probably erected as early as the 12th century. The castle was expanded in the late 16th century under Grand Master Walter von Cronberg. Over the course of time a representative Renaissance complex was built by connecting the individual buildings in the inner palace courtyard to a closed ring of buildings. In 1574, the main architect, Blasius Berwart, also constructed the spiral staircase between the west and north wing still famous today. Today the castle houses the Deutschordensmuseum (Museum of the Teutonic Order).
The castle complex is dominated by the Schlosskirche (Castle Church), built in 1730 in Baroque style. Its Rococo interior features elaborate ceiling frescos by the court painter Nikolaus Gottfried Stuber, depicting The Defense of Faith, the Glorification of the Cross in Heaven and on Earth and the Emperor Constantine's Vision of the Cross. Almost 200 years ago the Schlosskirche became a Protestant church.
Twin towns — sister cities
Bad Mergentheim is twinned with:
Notable residents and natives
- Heinrich von Hohenlohe, buried in the church in Mergentheim
- Ottmar Mergenthaler, (1854–1899), inventor of the Linotype
- Felix Fechenbach, (1894–1933) German journalist, poet and political activist, who was murdered by the Nazis
- Barbara Stamm, German politician and vice-chairwoman of the CSU
- Fritz Kuhn, German politician and former co-chairman of the German Green Party
- Martin Lanig, German footballer
- Eduard Mörike, German poet, lived in Bad Mergentheim from 1844-1851.
- Ludwig van Beethoven, was viola player in the court's musical establishment of the Hochmeister (Grand Master) of the Teutonic Knights Maximilian Franz of Austria in 1791.
- Edvard Hjelt, Finnish chemist and politician, died July 2, 1921 in Bad Mergentheim
- "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Mergentheim". Encyclopædia Britannica 18 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 164.. Additional citations:
- Höring, Das Karlsbad bei Mergentheim (Mergentheim 1887); and
- Schmitt, Garnisongeschichte der Stadt Mergentheim (Stuttgart, 1895).
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Bad Mergentheim.|
- Media related to Bad Mergentheim at Wikimedia Commons