Miass

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This article is about the city. For the eponymous river, see Miass River.
Miass (English)
Миасс (Russian)
-  City  -
Miass is located in Chelyabinsk Oblast
Miass
Miass
Location of Miass in Chelyabinsk Oblast
Coordinates: 55°00′N 60°06′E / 55.000°N 60.100°E / 55.000; 60.100Coordinates: 55°00′N 60°06′E / 55.000°N 60.100°E / 55.000; 60.100
Coat of Arms of Miass (Chelyabinsk oblast) (2002).png
Flag of Miass (Chelyabinsk oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of September 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Chelyabinsk Oblast
Administratively subordinated to City of Miass[1]
Administrative center of City of Miass[1]
Municipal status (as of September 2011)
Urban okrug Miassky Urban Okrug[1]
Administrative center of Miassky Urban Okrug[1]
Head of Miassky Urban Okrug[citation needed] Igor Voynov[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 151,751 inhabitants[2]
Rank in 2010 115th
Time zone YEKT (UTC+05:00)[3]
Founded 1773[citation needed]
City status since 1923[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[4] 456300
Dialing code(s) +7 3513[citation needed]
Official website
Miass on WikiCommons

Miass (Russian: Миа́сс; IPA: [mʲɪaˈs]) is a city in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located 96 kilometers (60 mi) west of Chelyabinsk, on the eastern slope of the Southern Ural Mountains, on the bank of the Miass River. Population: 151,751 (2010 Census);[2] 158,420 (2002 Census);[5] 167,839 (1989 Census).[6]

History[edit]

A building in Miass

It was founded in 1773 as a copper mining factory.[citation needed] During the 19th century, the development was driven by the discovery of the richest gold deposits in the Urals. Average annual extraction of gold from the Miass region was about 640 kilograms (1,410 lb). In the mid-19th century, the volume of gold mining went down, and the development of Miass also slowed. Town status was granted to Miass in 1923.[citation needed] In 1941, an automobile factory (which still operates as UralAZ) was built.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with twenty-eight rural localities, incorporated as the City of Miass—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the City of Miass is incorporated as Miassky Urban Okrug.[1]

Economy and education[edit]

Currently Miass is a major machinery center. The truck manufacturer UralAZ is one of its most important factories.

There are 39 schools, 5 vocational training schools, 2 technical secondary schools, 5 colleges (including a branch of Chelyabinsk College of Law), four branches of universities, the Institute of Mineralogy of Ural Department of Russian Academy of Sciences, an art school, and 13 sports schools in Miass.[when?] A total of 260 businesses operate in Miass.[citation needed]

UralAZ[edit]

The enterprise produces three-axle, full-drive trucks of high cross-country passability and exports 8% of the trucks. "UralAZ" was included in the rating of 200 biggest Russian companies in 2000 in volume of sales, and employs 105,000 people. It was established in 1942, when the ZiS factory was evacuated from Moscow during World War II

The State Rocket Center "Makeyev Rocket Design Bureau"[edit]

This enterprise creates ballistic missiles for nuclear submarines. In 1955, it was moved from Zlatoust, where it was established at 1947, to Miass.

Tourism[edit]

The old part of the city comprises 19th-century wooden houses with original balconies, jambs, and lintels. The house of the gold mine's administrator, Simonov, has also been preserved.

Lake Turgoyak is located near Miass and is a popular tourist location, with crystal clear water.

Miass has a rich mineralogical museum, as it is close to the Ilmensky Mineral conservation area.

To the East of Miass is the Ilmenskyy Zapovednik, a large protected forest. Not far into the forest, trails lead to fresh-water springs.

This photo was taken in a protected forest in Miass, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia next to a fresh-water spring. It shows Birch (Betula spp.) and Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris).

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Resolution #161
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  3. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  4. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  5. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  6. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Челябинской области. Постановление №161 от 25 мая 2006 г. «Об утверждении перечня муниципальных образований (административно-территориальных единиц) Челябинской области и населённых пунктов, входящих в их состав», в ред. Постановления №2222 от 25 сентября 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Законодательного Собрания Челябинской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Южноуральская панорама", №111–112, 14 июня 2006 г. (Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk Oblast. Resolution #161 of November 25, 2006 On Adoption of the Registry of the Municipal Formations (Administrative-Territorial Units) of Chelyabinsk Oblast and of the Inhabited Localities They Comprise, as amended by the Resolution #2222 of September 25, 2014 On Amending Various Resolutions by the Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).

External links[edit]