Mossoró

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Mossoro, Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil)
Municipality
The Municipality of Mossoró
Flag of Mossoro, Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil)
Flag
Official seal of Mossoro, Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil)
Seal
Nickname(s): "Capital do Oeste" ("The Capital of the West") and "Cidade do Sal e do Petróleo" ("City of Salt and Petroleum")
Motto: Mossoró da gente. Fazendo nossa vida melhorar. (Our Mossoró. Improving our lives.)
Location of Mossoró in the State of Rio Grande do Norte
Location of Mossoró in the State of Rio Grande do Norte
Location of Mossoro, Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil)
Country  Brazil
Region Northeast
State Bandeira do Rio Grande do Norte.svg Rio Grande do Norte
Founded 1852
Government
 • Mayor Maria de Fátima (Fafá) Rosado Nogueira (DEM)
Area
 • Total 2,110.207 km2 (814.755 sq mi)
Elevation 20 m (66 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 259,886
 • Density 123.17/km2 (318.9/sq mi)
  [1]
Time zone America/Fortaleza (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) DST Not Observed (UTC-3)
Postal Code 59600
ISO 3166 code BR-RN
HDI (2000) 0.735 – medium
Website Prefeitura de Mossoró

Mossoró (Portuguese pronunciation: [mosoˈɾɔ]) is the second most populous city[2] in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, and also the largest municipality of that state. It is equidistant (four hours' drive) from Natal (approximately 277 km or 172 miles), the state capital of Rio Grande do Norte, and from Fortaleza (approximately 260 km or 161.5 miles), the capital of the state of Ceará. It is located nearly in the center of the Nordeste region, which has about 53.6 million people (28% of Brazil's population). It is also in the heart of Brazil's salt production area. Situated in the Agreste-Potiguar mesoregion, Mossoró is the country's largest land-based petroleum producer.[3][4]

History[edit]

For Brazilians, the main historical distinctions of the city are the driving out of the "Lampião", a gang that plundered entire towns in the sertão during the 1920s and 1930s, and the freeing of slaves five years before the Lei Áurea abolished slavery in all of Brazil (1888). It was also the first city to give women the right to vote in Brazil (Professor Celina Guimarães Viana cast the first vote in 1928), sparking a movement among other cities and states in Brazil that culminated in the official recognition of women's suffrage by the national government in 1934.

Population Growth[edit]

1991 1996 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010
192,267 205,214 213,841 234,390 241,645 244,287 259,886*

Culture and Recreation[edit]

Caiçara e Mar - Downtown

Although it does not have beaches within its city limits, there are several magnificent beaches in the surrounding area of the Costa Branca Pole such as the desert beaches of the city of Areia Branca. World-famous Canoa Quebrada beach is a short drive away in the neighboring state of Ceará.

The Resistance Museum tells the story of the city and the city's native sons. However, the most famous attraction is the Mossoró Cidade Junina (Mossoró Junina City Festival), a summer festival (festa junina) that attracts more than a million people during the month of June.

The city has a beautiful historic town, a hub of fascinating stories of the region's development. Main attractions include the Museu Municipal Jornalista Lauro da Escóssia (Journalist Lauro da Escóssia Municipal Museum), also known as the Cangaço Museum, the Station Arts old railway station museum, the Oil Museum, St. Vincent Church, and the Cathedral of Santa Luzia. Other attractions include the famous Palace of Resistance, former residence of mayor Rodolfo Fernandes who was the leader of the resistance against the "Lamp band" (Lampião) and served as a rampart against attacks from those notorious bandits. There is also the Bode Market, an ovine and caprine trading center where traders and buyers of sheep and goats continue the long-held rural traditions of the northeast, as well as the famous Central Market and the Railway Bridge.

In September, the city stages what could be the largest play in the world, the Auto Da Liberdade (The Procession of Liberty) with an all-paid cast of 2,000 and a 600-member chorus as part of its Festa da Liberdade (Brazilian independence celebrations).

Mossoró also has a shopping center, Mossoró West Shopping, which includes a 5-screen multiplex cinema, Wi-Fi internet connectivity, children's recreation and diaper changing area, ATMs, bowling alley, pharmacy, and food court among its many amenities.

Mossoró is also home to the Hotel Thermas Resort which is the largest thermal water park in Brazil. The heated water used in the resort arises from a zone of geothermal hot springs located in the vicinity of the city.

The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Mossoró [3] & [4].

Education[edit]

Colleges and Universities[edit]

The Federal University of the Semi-Arid is located in Mossoró.

The following have campuses in the city:

Grade Schools and High Schools[edit]

You can see a listing of public and private elementary, junior, and senior high schools in Mossoró HERE (In Portuguese.)

Regional Transportation[edit]

Highway BR-304

Airports[edit]

Mossoró is served by the following airports:

Highways[edit]

  • BR-304
  • BR-110
  • BR-405
  • BR-437

Distances to Other Brazilian Cities[edit]

São Paulo Rio de Janeiro Brasília Salvador Belo Horizonte Curitiba Porto Alegre Manaus
2,274 km - 1,413 miles 2,070 km - 1,286 miles 1,652 km - 1,027 miles 876 km - 544 miles 1,779 km - 1,105 miles 2,588 km - 1,608 miles 3,126 km - 1,942 miles 2,529 km - 1,571 miles

Climate[edit]

Mossoró is one of the hottest cities in all of Brazil. It is not uncommon for temperatures to exceed 35 °C (95 °F) throughout the year, with temperatures approaching 45 °C (113 °F) unexceptional. A fairly short wet season spans from January to May, while the scorching dry season spans the remainder of the year. The sultriest temperatures are registered from October to January.

It has semi-arid climate with a temperature range of mean lows around 22.7 °C (72.9 °F) in winter and mean highs around 33.4 °C (92.1 °F) in summer.[6]

Climate data for Mossoró
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 34.1
(93.4)
33.3
(91.9)
32.6
(90.7)
32.3
(90.1)
32.3
(90.1)
32.3
(90.1)
32.5
(90.5)
33.8
(92.8)
34.4
(93.9)
34.6
(94.3)
34.6
(94.3)
34.4
(93.9)
33.4
(92.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.8
(80.2)
25
(77)
27.3
(81.1)
27.3
(81.1)
27
(81)
26.7
(80.1)
26.5
(79.7)
27.1
(80.8)
27.7
(81.9)
28.1
(82.6)
28.3
(82.9)
28.7
(83.7)
27.2
(81)
Average low °C (°F) 23.7
(74.7)
23.5
(74.3)
23.3
(73.9)
23.2
(73.8)
22.8
(73)
21.9
(71.4)
21.6
(70.9)
21.3
(70.3)
21.9
(71.4)
22.8
(73)
23.2
(73.8)
23.6
(74.5)
22.7
(72.9)
Rainfall mm (inches) 69.3
(2.728)
130.1
(5.122)
169.2
(6.661)
179.6
(7.071)
109.5
(4.311)
49.4
(1.945)
39.9
(1.571)
11.1
(0.437)
5.9
(0.232)
3.4
(0.134)
3.2
(0.126)
17.3
(0.681)
787.9
(31.02)
 % humidity 67 72 78 74 76 72 69 62 61 62 63 66 68.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 231.7 194.4 186.4 190.3 217.1 211.3 228.3 269.1 271.7 290.3 281 256.5 2,828.1
Source #1: Climate Charts (daily means and humidity);[6]
Source #2: Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology - INMET (rainfall and sun: 1961-1990).[7][8]

Images[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ http://www.ibge.gov.br/cidadesat/link.php?uf=rn
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ http://www.anp.gov.br/brasil-rounds/round4/round4/workshop/restrito/ingles/Potiguar_ing.pdf
  5. ^ "Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics". 2010. Retrieved 2010 Census - First results. "IBGE - Cities@" 
  6. ^ a b "Mossoro, Brazil: Climate, Global Warming, and Daylight Charts and Data". Climate Charts. Archived from the original on June 5, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Precipitação Acumulada Mensal e Anual (mm)" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Insolação Total (horas)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014. 

Coordinates: 5°11′16″S 37°20′38″W / 5.18778°S 37.34389°W / -5.18778; -37.34389