Moston, Manchester

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Coordinates: 53°30′56″N 2°11′05″W / 53.515637°N 2.184762°W / 53.515637; -2.184762

Moston
Moston is located in Greater Manchester
Moston
Moston
 Moston shown within Greater Manchester
Population 12,500 (2001)
OS grid reference SD877021
Metropolitan borough Manchester
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MANCHESTER
Postcode district M40
Dialling code 0161
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Manchester Central
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester

Moston is a district of Manchester, in North West England, approximately 3 miles (5 km) north east of the city centre. Historically in Lancashire, Moston is a predominantly residential area, with a population of about 12,500 and covering approximately 1,300 acres (5.3 km2).

History[edit]

The name Moston may derive from the Old English words moss and ton, where moss usually referred to a place that was mossy, marshy or peat bog, and ton signified a town or settlement. The area of White Moss still retains these characteristics.

Historical records of Moston date back as far as 1301 where the earliest historical archives are of a charter from the Lord of the Manor of Manchester, Thomas Grelle.[1]

Although in 1320 Moston was called a hamlet of Manchester, in some deeds is it spoken of as lying within the township and parish of Ashton-under-Lyne. That the lords of Ashton had in early times rights in Moston also is shown by a fine of 1195, from which it appears that on a division Robert son of Bernard had Moston.[2]

By the 14th century, Moston consisted of both untamed countryside and agricultural settlements. In the 16th century the area saw the introduction of the linen treatment industry, with the washing and bleaching of the fabric boosting the economy throughout the area. Moston went on to become an integral part of the northern sector of Cottonopolis during the 18th and 19th centuries.

The Moston Mill Print Works, which was on the junction of Williams Road and St Mary’s Road, closed in 1848. Spring Valley Dye Works was sited in the area to the west to what is currently known as Lancaster Club. Extracting sand and clay from the local pits was another important industry alongside the brick works in Newton Heath. The area around Belgrave Road is known to local residents as the "White Stuff" or the "White Hills", in reference to the brickworks’ waste that formed steep and unstable hills alongside the brook. These hills were reprofiled during landscaping works carried out in the early 1980s.

Increased population levels in the area resulted in the need for an increased number of residential developments.[3]

Governance[edit]

Moston was incorporated into the city of Manchester in 1890, along with neighbouring Blackley and ceased to be a township in 1896, when it became part of the new township of North Manchester.

The town is incorporated into the parliamentary constituency of Manchester Blackley. This seat is currently held by Graham Stringer MP of the Labour Party and is considered a political safe seat, having been continuously held by the party since 1964. Moston is represented in the Manchester City Council by the three Labour councillors of Henry Cooper, Paul Murphy and Rita Tavernor.[4]

Geography[edit]

Moston is located above the midpoint of the Greater Manchester Urban Area, 3.2 miles (5.1 km) north east of Manchester city centre. To the north, Moston is bordered by Blackley, to the west by Harpurhey, to the east by Failsworth and by Newton Heath and Monsall to the south.

The town is built on a mixture of Bunter sandstone and Manchester marl (clay) that is Permo-Triassic in origin. The area is underlain with middle coal measures (mainly Carboniferous Westphalian B).

During the search for mineral deposits, geologists descovered that there was a geological fault (known as the Moston Fault) which runs between Clayton Bridge and Alkrington.[5]

Landmarks[edit]

Broadhurst Park was opened in the 19th century and provides a range of activity opportunities and community events, including football. The park provides green space within the Irk Valley corridor. Broadhurst Park and Field stage summer funfairs, an annual bonfire and firework display and summer sports activities for children.

The majority of the site is open grassland and includes a landscaped area. The north of the park is home to recreation and community events, while the south contains woodland.

Recent drainage improvements to the football fields have greatly increased the biodiversity significance of the neighbouring Broadhurst Clough area, where the open water is home to a wide range of wildlife.[6]

Nuthurst Park is a community park located on Nuthurst Road and has a children's playground, 5-a-side pitch, tennis court and basketball courts.[7]

Hough Hall is the oldest building in the Moston area and is situated on Hough Hall Road. The Hall was listed as a Grade II listed building on 3 October 1974[8] and was erected in approximately the 16th-17th centuries.[9]

Transport[edit]

Moston railway station

Moston railway station is an unmanned railway station and is located off Hollinwood Avenue in New Moston. Since the closure of the Oldham Loop Line in 2009, all trains calling at the station are on the Caldervale route managed by Northern Rail.

Like many areas in Manchester, Moston is served by buses, primarily along Moston Lane directly to and from Manchester city centre. Bus routes directly to Manchester city centre include 51, 81, 88, 112, 118, 77, 80, 89, 149 and 188. Bus routes from Moston also go directly to Middleton, Pendleton, Failsworth, Oldham, Cheetham Hill and Chadderton. The bus routes are managed by Transport for Greater Manchester (TfGM) and the Bluebird Bus and Coach company.[10]

The road links in the area allow for easy transit to all of the surrounding districts and cities with the main thoroughfares being Broadway which is technically part of New Moston, Lightbowne Road and Victoria Avenue. The M60 is an orbital motorway which surrounds the majority of the Greater Manchester and access can be gained onto it via Junction 21 on Broadway.

Education[edit]

School Type/Status OfSTED Reference
Broadhurst School Primary School 105451 [11]
Lily Lane School Primary School 105424 [12]
Moston Fields County School Primary School 105514 [13]
Moston Lane Community School Primary School 105428 [14]
New Moston School Primary School 105432 [15]
St Dunstan's RC School Primary School 105526 [15]
St Mary's CofE School Primary School 105496 [16]
Lighthouse Christian School Independent School 131354 [17]
Manchester Creative & Media Academy Secondary School 105562 [18]
St Matthew's RC High School Secondary School 105577 [16]
One Central Park College N/A [19]
The Manchester College (Moston) College N/A [20]

The Manchester College (previously known as MANCAT (Manchester College of Arts and Technology) has a campus in Moston, which used to be known as Moston Technical College, and at One Central Park. These campuses offer further education facility for school leavers and adults. The One Central Park Campus offers courses run by Manchester NTI (New Technology Institute) in partnership with Manchester College, specialising in IT and Management and Enterprise skills for use in the local area.

Religious sites[edit]

Religion Percentage of
population[21]
Christian 80.9%
No religion 9%
Not stated 7.6%
Muslim 1.3%
Hindu 0.75%
Buddhist 0.2%
Church Religion/Denomination Leader Reference
St Chad's Church of England
St John's Church of England
meeting at St John's Christian Way of Life Archbishop Doyé Agama and Reverend Helen Agama [22]
St Luke's (Lightbowne) Church of England Reverend John O'Connor [23]
St Mary's Church of England Reverend Matthew Calladine [24]
St Dunstan's Roman Catholic Father David Featherstone [25]

[26]

St John Vianney's Roman Catholic Father Brian Seale [25]
St Margaret Mary's Roman Catholic Canon Kevin O'Conner [25]
Chain Bar United Methodist Free Reverend L Bishop [27]
Moston (Streetfold) United Methodist Free Reverend Margaret Mwailu  ????
St Mary's Road Methodist New Connexion
Eastwood Road Full Gospel Pastor David Hughes [28]
Lightbowne Evangelical [29]
Moston (Church Lane) Spiritualist Mrs A. Graham [30]
Deeper Life Bible Deeper Life Pastor Dele Adewunmi [31]
The monument in St Joseph's Cemetery in memory of the Manchester Martyrs.

The oldest church which is still in use within is Streetfold Methodist Church which was founded in 1825. In 1907 the United Methodist Free Church merged with the Methodist New Connexion and the Bible Christians to form the United Methodist Church.[32] In 1932, there was a further union in Britain (the 1932 Methodist Union), in which Primitive Methodists, Wesleyan Methodists and United Methodists came together as the Methodist Church.

Roman Catholic churches in Moston fall under the control of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Salford whilst the Anglican churches, the Anglican Diocese of Manchester. Statistics state that Moston is not as religiously diverse as some other areas of Manchester.

St Joseph's Cemetery (commonly known as Moston Cemetery) which opened in 1875, stretches out over a wide sloping site and is one of Manchester's principal Roman Catholic cemeteries.[33]

The Alexian Brothers Care Centre is a dual registered care home providing long-term care for older people requiring residential support and nursing care. The current building was completed in 1992 to replace the original hospital of the Alexian Brothers. The home is set within mature gardens in a secure, gated development.

The Alexian Brothers is a religious institute, originating in Belgium in the 14th century and has been closely involved with care of the elderly in the local community since first settling in Manchester in 1875. This work has continued on the same site in Moston since 1884.

The Hospital Management Trust assumed responsibility for the operational management of the Care Centre in January 2006 in response to the Brothers need to step back from front line management.[34][35]

Sports[edit]

Broadway Leisure Centre has a 25m swimming pool, a fitness suite, workout studio, sun beds and sauna and steam rooms.[36]

North Manchester Rugby Union Club are based at Tudor Lodge, Victoria Avenue East and the first team participate in the North Lancashire Division 1 league.[37]

Moston Brook AFC is an amateur football club which was formed in 1969 as an 'Old Boys' team to be made up of former pupils from Moston Brook High School, although the school was closed August 2000.[38]

Moston Valley FC was established in 2002 and became an FA Charter Standard Club in 2005. The teams range from under 8s up to under 16s and all play in a variety of leagues around Manchester.[39]

Broadhurst Bowling Club is located in Broadhurst Park and annually stages a summer charity competition of four or five bowling handicaps in aid of Francis House Children's Cancer Charity and the Catholic Rescue Society.[40]

The Fitness First chain have a gym located on Victoria Avenue East with a cardio theatre, spinning room and other exercise facilities.[41]

Broadhurst Park is the proposed new home of F.C. United of Manchester.[42]

Public services[edit]

Policing in Moston is provided by Greater Manchester Police. A part-time station is located in Harpurhey on Moston Lane and is under the command of North Manchester (A) Division.

New Moston Library is located on Nuthurst Road in New Moston and aside from stocking books there are a vast number of other services and activities organised there. A T'ai chi club, the Moston Midwifery Group children's groups, Parent and Carer Information point, Health Information point and T'ai chi club use the site as a base.[43]

Waste management is co-ordinated by the local authority via the North Manchester Household Waste and Recycling Centre.[44]

Notable people[edit]

Local Moston celebrities include television historian Michael Wood, social reformer and political reformer Samuel Bamford, actress Marsha Thomason who has found fame in such US shows as Las Vegas and Lost, the noted educationist Francis Smyth and Pete Mitchell from XFM. Kavana is singer and actor.[45]

Nottingham Forest and former England Under 21 footballer, Ishmael Miller, is another notable Moston citizen. The former Manchester City attacking midfielder was known on the terraces as The Moston Menace due to his formidable physique.[46] Another footballer, Charles Broadhurst, was also born in Moston.

Singer and Musician Ashley Crowe is also from Moston. He studied at St Matthews RC High School and Chethams School of Music before becoming Lead Singer with renowned tribute show Fake That, performing extensively throughout the UK and Europe. He was a Featured contestant on The X Factor in 2011. Ashley also works as a Drummer/Percussionist for various artists.

Major Henry Kelly VC, MC & Bar was a Moston born officer in the Duke of Wellington's (West Riding) Regiment who saw action in the First World War. Kelly received his Victoria Cross for his action on the 4 October 1916 at Le Sars, France. He was awarded his Military Cross & Bar for subsequent acts of heroism in the war. After the war, Kelly moved to Ireland and went on to become the chief of staff for overseas operations in the Free State Army.

William Chaderton was born in the district around 1540 and was an English academic and Anglican bishop. He was the Bishop of Chester from 1579 to 1595 and then Bishop of Lincoln from 1595 to 1608 from where he went on to become Warden of Manchester College.[47][48]

Fr Brian Seale of St John Vianney's Church wrote a history of the suburb entitled The Moston Story.

Alternative/indie rock bands the Perfect Name and Northside both hail from Moston.

See also[edit]

1808 - The Grand Orange Order of England was formed in Manchester with Colonel Samual Taylor of Moston as first Grand Master.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Booker, John (1954). A History of the Ancient Chapel of Blackley, in Manchester Parish. New York Public Library: G. Simms. 
  2. ^ Brownbill, J; William Farrer (1911). "A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 4". British History Online. Retrieved 2008-10-31. 
  3. ^ "Moston Brook Feasibility Study". Oldham Council. Retrieved 2008-10-31. [dead link]
  4. ^ Councillors by Ward: Moston. Manchester City Council. Retrieved 29 October 2008. 
  5. ^ Geological Survey of Great Britain, Museum of Economic Geology (1864). Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain and the Museum of Economic Geology in London. London (Original from Harvard University): H.M.S.O. 
  6. ^ "About Broadhurst Park". Manchester city council. Retrieved 2008-10-31. [dead link]
  7. ^ "About Nuthurst Park". Manchester city council. Retrieved 2008-10-31. [dead link]
  8. ^ "A-Z of Listed Buildings in Manchester: Listed buildings in Manchester by street (H)". Manchester City Council. p. 8. 
  9. ^ "Townships Moston". British History Online. Retrieved 2008-10-31. 
  10. ^ "Bus service". TfGM. Retrieved 2008-10-31. 
  11. ^ "Broadhurst Primary School". OFSTED. UK Gov. Retrieved 2008-10-31. 
  12. ^ "Lily Lane Junior School". OFSTED. UK Gov. Retrieved 2008-10-31. 
  13. ^ "Christ the King RC Primary School". School Finder. Manchester City Council. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  14. ^ "Moston Lane Community Primary School". OFSTED. UK Gov. Retrieved 2008-10-31. 
  15. ^ a b "St Dunstan's RC Primary School". OFSTED. UK Gov. Retrieved 2008-10-31. 
  16. ^ a b "St Wilfrid's CofE Primary School". School Finder. Manchester City Council. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  17. ^ "Lighthouse Christian School". School Finder. Manchester City Council. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  18. ^ "St Matthew's RC High School". OFSTED. UK Gov. Retrieved 2008-10-31. 
  19. ^ "One Central Park Campus". MANCAT. UK Gov. Retrieved 2008-10-31. 
  20. ^ "Welcome to Manchester NTI". Manchester NTI. UK Gov. Retrieved 2008-10-31. 
  21. ^ United Kingdom Census 2001 (2001). "Manchester (Local Authority)". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2008-10-30. 
  22. ^ The Christian Way of Life Church meets at 3 pm Sundays in the premises of the St John's Church of England church, Ashley Lane. The Christian Way of Life Church is evangelical, episcopal and pentecostal. [1]
  23. ^ The Bishop of Beverley - Parishes
  24. ^ http://stmarysmoston.co.uk/
  25. ^ a b c Cooke, Fr. Michael; Fr. Francis Parkinson (2008). Salford Diocesan Almanac 2009. Salford: Gemini Print (Wigan). p. 232. [dead link]
  26. ^ The Roman Catholic Parish of Holy Souls
  27. ^ http://www.manchestermethodist.com/
  28. ^ fullgospelchurch.org.uk - Full Gospel Church – New Moston
  29. ^ http://www.lecsite.org.uk/
  30. ^ http://www.snu.org.uk/Images/pdfs/General%20Interest.pdf
  31. ^ [2][dead link]
  32. ^ GENUKI: Streetfold United Methodist Free Church, Moston, Lancashire genealogy
  33. ^ GENUKI: St Joseph Roman Catholic Cemetery, Moston, Lancashire genealogy
  34. ^ Alexian Care Centre, Moston, Manchester
  35. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "Alexians". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. 
  36. ^ "Broadway Leisure Centre". Manchester City Council. [dead link]
  37. ^ North Manchester RUFC
  38. ^ [3][dead link]
  39. ^ Homepage | Moston Valley Football Club (The Club That Cares)
  40. ^ [4][dead link]
  41. ^ Find a Club, Search for a Local Gym Near You
  42. ^ Broadhurst Park Proposals
  43. ^ "New Moston Library". GM Council. Retrieved 2008-10-31. [dead link]
  44. ^ "Moston, Recyclefor Greater Manchester". GM Council. Retrieved 2008-10-31. [dead link]
  45. ^ Mountford, Emma (April 19, 2007). "He’s back, to make you feel good". Middleton Guardian. 
  46. ^ "Farewell to-the Moston menace". The sight is in end. Retrieved 2008-10-31. 
  47. ^ "Bishops of Chester". Tudor Place. Retrieved 2008-10-31. 
  48. ^ "Bishops of Lincoln". Tudor Place. Retrieved 2008-10-31.