Rotterdam Centraal railway station

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Rotterdam Centraal
Rtd CS-III.JPG
The station building in February 2014
Location Netherlands
Coordinates 51°55′28″N 4°28′10″E / 51.92444°N 4.46944°E / 51.92444; 4.46944Coordinates: 51°55′28″N 4°28′10″E / 51.92444°N 4.46944°E / 51.92444; 4.46944
Line(s) Amsterdam–Rotterdam railway
HSL-Zuid
Utrecht–Rotterdam railway
Breda–Rotterdam railway
Platforms 13
Other information
Station code Rtd
History
Opened 1847
Services
Preceding station   Thalys   Following station
toward Paris Nord
Thalys Intercity 9300
10x/day
toward Lille Europe
Thalys
2x/day
Thalys (winter)
1x/week
Thalys (summer)
1x/week
NS International
Intercity Direct 900
2x/hour
Terminus
NS International 9200
1x/hour
Nederlandse Spoorwegen
Terminus NS Intercity 500
1x/hour; Combined half-hourly services with Intercity 12500 on section Rotterdam Centraal-Zwolle. Transfer to Intercity 12600/12700 to/from Leeuwarden at Zwolle
toward Groningen
NS Nachtnet 1400
1x/hour; Nighttrain Intercity service
NS Intercity 1900
2x/hour
toward Venlo
toward Dordrecht
NS Intercity 2200
2x/hour; Not on late evenings and early Sunday mornings
toward Vlissingen
NS Intercity 2600
2x/hour; Not on late evenings and early weekend mornings
Terminus NS Intercity 2800
2x/hour; Not on late evenings and early Sunday mornings
NS Intercity 12500
1x/hour; Combined half-hourly service with Intercity 500 on section Rotterdam Centraal-Zwolle. Transfer to Intercity 700/12600 to/from Groningen at Zwolle
toward Leeuwarden
toward Vlissingen
NS Intercity 12600
2x/hour; Late evenings and early weekend mornings only
Terminus NS Nachtnet 21400
1x/hour; Nighttrain Intercity service, Friday Night and Saturday Night only
toward Eindhoven
toward Uitgeest
NS Sprinter 4000
2x/hour
Terminus
NS Sprinter 4100
2x/hour; Before 8:30am and after 9:00pm during beach seasons and before 11:00am and after 4:00pm outside beach seasons
NS Sprinter 4100
2x/hour; Between 8:30am and 9:00pm during beach seasons and between 11:00am and 4:00pm outside beach seasons
NS Sprinter 4200
2x/hour; Not on evenings and Sundays, except Friday evenings
NS Sprinter 5000
2x/hour; Not on evenings and weekends
toward Breda
NS Sprinter 5100
2x/hour, but only 1x/hour at evenings and weekends; Combined half-hourly service on evenings and weekends with Sprinter 15100 on section Den Haag Centraal-Lage Zwaluwe
toward Roosendaal
Terminus NS Sprinter 9700
2x/hour; Weekdays rush hours only
NS Sprinter 14100
4x/hour; Weekdays rush hours only
Terminus
NS Sprinter 15100
1x/hour; Evenings and weekends only. Combined half-hourly service with Sprinter 5100 on section Den Haag Centraal-Lage Zwaluwe
toward Breda
Rotterdam Metro
toward De Akkers
Line D Terminus
toward Slinge
Line E
Location
Rotterdam Centraal is located in Randstad
Rotterdam Centraal
Rotterdam Centraal
Location within Randstad

Rotterdam Centraal [rɔtərˈdɑm sɛnˈtraːɫ] is the main railway station of the city Rotterdam in the Netherlands. The station received an average of 110,000 passengers daily in 2007.[1] The current station building, located at Station Square, was officially opened in March 2014.

History[edit]

Railways in Rotterdam in 1936.
Rotterdam's former Centraal Station by architect Sybold van Ravesteyn built 1950-1957.

Before World War II, Rotterdam did not have a central railway station - instead there were four stations in and around the city's center:

Delftse Poort station was badly damaged by bombing in the Rotterdam Blitz. The new Centraal station was rebuilt just westwards of the site. Its original building was designed by architect Sybold van Ravesteyn and was completed on 13 March 1957, officially opening on 21 May. Maas station had closed in 1953 and trains from Utrecht were diverted to Centraal station via the new Rotterdam Noord station. However, the Hofpleinlijn (which later became part of RandstadRail) continued to bypass the station. Hofplein station was eventually closed in 2010 after the Hofpleinlijn was redirected through a tunnel and connected to Centraal station for the first time.

On 9 February 1968 Princess Beatrix opened the first metro line in the Netherlands at Centraal station. The line connected the station to the south of Rotterdam and is now known as Line D. The first subway station had an island platform with two tracks. On 28 September 2009, a new and more spacious underground station opened right next to the old one, which was immediately demolished. The new station has two island platforms with three tracks.

The mainline station nowadays has seven island platforms with thirteen platform tracks. There are three tracks without platform (tracks 2, 5 and 10). In 2007, it was used by approximately 110,000 passengers a day.

The 1957 station building was closed in 2007 and demolished in the following year to make way for a new station, which was completed and opened in 2014.

New Rotterdam Centraal[edit]

A total reconstruction of the station and its surroundings started in 2004 to cope with an increasing number of trains, for example the high-speed train between Amsterdam, Brussels and Paris, and to accommodate for RandstadRail. Furthermore, the existing station, especially the passenger tunnel, also became too small to handle the growing number of passengers. Traveller numbers were projected to be 320,000 per day in 2025. To cope with this increase, a new station was necessary.

Rearranged roof text spelled the 1957 Central Stations swan song.
Temporary blue station building (2007-2012)
The clock and letters from 1957 were carried over on the new station

In June 2004, ProRail and the Municipality of Rotterdam awarded the a contract to Team CS, a cooperative between Benthem Crouwel Architekten, MVSA Meyer & Van Schooten Architects, and West 8, for transforming the existing plans into a design for the new Central Station.

On May 16, 2006 Mayor Ivo Opstelten revealed a work of Onno Poiesz consisting of the word EXIT, which was mounted behind the windows of the facade. Some of the letters "CENTRAAL STATION" that stood on the roof of the station until its closing were put in a different order by Peter Hopman and Margien Reuvekamp of Office Lakenvelder to read "TRAAN LATEN" ("SHED A TEAR"). The final closure of the outdated station took place on September 2, 2007, in the presence of Mayor Opstelten, to allow for the demolition of the station. Between 16 January 2008 and the end of March 2008 the station was completely demolished.

Passengers then, for years, had to use amenities housed in a temporary shelter, a smurf-blue building complex on Conrad Street on the northeast corner of the Groothandelsgebouw. The bicycle tunnel served as a temporary passenger tunnel. On November 28, 2012 the six times as large, new passenger tunnel opened and on August 28, 2013, the renovated bicycle tunnel opened; the so-called biscuits, artworks that had adorned the wings of the former Central Station, are now above the ends of the bicycle tunnel. The full completion of the station was on March 13, 2014, when the station was reopened by King Willem-Alexander.[2] Rotterdam Centraal Station, as the station is now officially called - on the south side, at the explicit request of the citizens of Rotterdam, the name Centraal Station in the lettering that architect Van Ravensteyn had put on the old station, has returned - will obtain the status of world station, as it is on the international high-speed railway towards Belgium.

In addition to the train station, the old metro station of Rotterdam Centraal with two tracks and an island platform was renewed and extended to accommodate for the light rail connection to The Hague Central Station. The location of the former island platform is now occupied by switches. The tracks of the RandstadRail Metro Line E were connected to the rest of the metro network with a new tunnel at Rotterdam Central Station. The new metro station has three tracks and two island platforms. Track 1 serves metro line E, part of RandstadRail in the direction Den Haag Central Station. Track 2 is for metro line E towards Slinge; additional services between Slinge - Rotterdam Central vv also use track 2 as terminus of metro line D. Track 3 is between the two island platforms; uniquely the doors of the subway open on both sides while halting at this platform. The latter track is used as the starting point of Metro Line D to the Akkers. On September 28, 2009 the new metro station was opened, after it had been closed for two days. The connection for RandstadRail was officially opened on August 16, 2010; a day after it was available for passenger service.

On March 26, 2014, one of the 60-year-old trees that had to 'move' to allow for the renovation of the station area was placed on Conrad Street.

Destinations[edit]

As it is one of the four main stations in the Netherlands it is well connected with cities all over the country. Major destinations include:

Amsterdam, Amersfoort, Bergen op Zoom, Breda, Dordrecht, Delft, Den Haag, Eindhoven, Gouda, Groningen, Haarlem, Hoek van Holland (Ferry to Harwich UK), Leeuwarden, Leiden, Middelburg, Roosendaal, Tilburg, Utrecht, Venlo, Vlissingen and Zwolle.

There are also international services to Antwerpen, Brussels and Paris up to 10 times a day and to Lille twice per day.

Train services[edit]

The following services call at Rotterdam Centraal:

  • 1x per week high speed service (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Brussels - Chambéry - Bourg-Saint-Maurice (in winter)
  • 1x per week high speed service (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Brussels - Avignon - Marseille (in summer)
  • 10x per day high speed service (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Brussels - Paris
  • 2x per day high speed service (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Brussels - Lille
  • 2x per hour high speed service (Intercity Direct) Amsterdam - Schiphol - Rotterdam - Breda
  • 1x per hour international service Amsterdam - Schiphol - The Hague - Rotterdam - Dordrecht - Roosendaal - Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels Airport - Brussels
  • 2x per hour Intercity service Amsterdam - Haarlem - Leiden - The Hague - Rotterdam - Dordrecht
  • 2x per hour Intercity service Lelystad - Amsterdam - Schiphol - Leiden - The Hague - Rotterdam - Dordrecht - Roosendaal - Vlissingen
  • 1x per hour Intercity service Rotterdam - Gouda - Utrecht - Amersfoort - Zwolle - Leeuwarden
  • 1x per hour Intercity service Rotterdam - Gouda - Utrecht - Amersfoort - Zwolle - Groningen
  • 2x per hour Intercity service Rotterdam - Gouda - Utrecht
  • 2x per hour Intercity service The Hague - Rotterdam - Dordrecht - Breda - Tilburg - Eindhoven - Venlo
  • 1x per hour night train (nachtnet) service Rotterdam - Dordrecht - Breda - Tilburg - Eindhoven (weekends only)
  • 1x per hour night train (nachtnet) service Rotterdam - The Hague - Leiden - Schiphol - Amsterdam - Utrecht
  • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Rotterdam - Gouda - Woerden - Amsterdam - Uitgeest
  • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Rotterdam - Gouda - Gouda Goverwelle (peak hours only)
  • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Rotterdam - Vlaardingen - Maassluis - Hoek van Holland
  • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Rotterdam - Vlaardingen - Maassluis - Maassluis West
  • 4x per hour local service (sprinter) Rotterdam - Vlaardingen (peak hours only)
  • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) The Hague - Rotterdam - Dordrecht - Breda (only 1x per hour between Dordrecht and Breda at evenings and weekends)
  • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) The Hague - Rotterdam - Dordrecht - Roosendaal (only 1x per hour between Dordrecht and Roosendaal at evenings and weekends)
Panorama of the former Rotterdam Centraal

Metro services[edit]

Rotterdam Centraal currently serves as a terminus for metro line D, while line E trains continue further south to Slinge station, sharing the section between Rotterdam Centraal and Slinge with line D. The trains are operated by RET

Tram services[edit]

The station is served by almost all lines in the Rotterdam tramway network (4, 7, 8, 12, 20, 21, 23, 24 and 25) and are operated by RET

The routes of the trams are as follows:

Line Route Frequency Notes
4 Marconiplein Metro station - Delfshaven - Delfshaven Metro station - Eendrachtsplein Metro station - Centraal Station - Weena - Oude Noorden - Station Noord - Hilligersberg - Molenlaan
  • Outside Summer and Christmas holidays: 6x/hour, but only 4x/hour on weekends and only 3x/hour on evenings
  • Summer and Christmas holidays: 4x/hour, but only 3x/hour on evenings
7 Willemsplein - Willemskade - Eendrachtsplein Metro station - Centraal Station - Weena - Crooswijk - Kralingen - Voorschoterlaan Metro station - Woudestein - Erasmus Universiteit
  • Outside holidays: 6x/hour, but only 4x/hour on weekends and only 3x/hour on evenings
  • Holidays: 4x/hour, but only 3x/hour on evenings
8 Spangen - Marconiplein Metro station - Delfshaven - Delfshaven Metro station - Euromast/Erasmus MC - Leuvehaven Metro station - Beurs Metro station - Lijnbaan - Centraal Station - Weena - Oude Noorden - Station Noord - Kleiweg
  • Outside holidays: 6x/hour, but only 4x/hour on weekends and only 3x/hour on evenings
  • Holidays: 4x/hour, but only 3x/hour on evenings
12 Centraal Station - Weena - Stadhuis Metro station - Beurs Metro station - Leuvehaven Metro station - Wilhelminaplein Metro station - Kop van Zuid - De Kuip (Stadion Feijenoord) Special tram line that operates only at soccer matches and concerts at De Kuip
20 Kreekhuizen - Station Lombardijen - Lombardijen - Randweg - Laan op Zuid - Wilhelminaplein Metro station - Leuvehaven Metro station - Beurs Metro station - Lijnbaan - Centraal Station
  • Outside holidays: 8x/hour
  • Holidays: 6x/hour
Weekdays rush hours only
21 De Esch - Woudestein - Oostplein Metro station - Station Blaak - Beurs Metro station - Stadhuis Metro station - Weena - Centraal Station - Middellandstraat - Nieuwe Westen - Marconiplein Metro station - Station Schiedam Centrum - Schiedam, Parkweg - Station Schiedam Nieuwland - Schiedam, Bachplein - Schiedam, Woudhoek
  • Outside Summer and Christmas holidays: 4x/hour, but only 3x/hour on weekends
  • Summer and Christmas holidays: 4x/hour, but only 3x/hour on evenings
Not on evenings and Sunday mornings
23 Beverwaard - Keizerswaard - IJsselmonde - De Kuip (Stadion Feijenoord) - Kop van Zuid - Wilhelminaplein Metro station - Leuvehaven Metro station - Beurs Metro station - Stadhuis Metro station - Weena - Centraal Station - Middellandstraat - Nieuwe Westen - Marconiplein Metro station
  • Outside Summer and Christmas holidays: 8x/hour, but only 6x/hour on weekends and only 4x/hour on evenings
  • Summer and Christmas holidays: 6x/hour, but only 4x/hour on evenings
24 De Esch - Woudestein - Oostplein Metro station - Station Blaak - Beurs Metro station - Stadhuis Metro station - Weena - Centraal Station - Middellandstraat - Nieuwe Westen - Marconiplein Metro station - Station Schiedam Centrum - Schiedam, Parkweg - Station Schiedam Nieuwland - Schiedam, Bachplein - Vlaardingen, Holy
  • Outside Summer and Christmas holidays: 4x/hour, but only 3x/hour on weekends
  • Summer and Christmas holidays: 3x/hour
25 Barendrecht, Carnisselande - Zuidwijk - Randweg - Laan op Zuid - Wilhelminaplein Metro station - Leuvehaven Metro station - Beurs Metro station - Lijnbaan - Centraal Station - Weena - Schiekade - Sint Franciscus Gasthuis - Melanchtonweg Metro station - Schiebroek
  • Outside Summer and Christmas holidays: 8x/hour, but only 6x/hour on weekends and only 4x/hour on evenings
  • Summer and Christmas holidays: 6x/hour, but only 4x/hour on evenings

Bus services[edit]

  • 33 Rotterdam Centraal - Blijdorp Zoo - Overschie - Rotterdam-The Hague Airport
  • 38 Rotterdam Centraal - Oud-Mathenesse - Schiedam Centrum
  • 39 Rotterdam Centraal - Crooswijk
  • 40 Rotterdam Centraal - Blijdorp Zoo - Overschie - Delft University - Delft
  • 44 Rotterdam Centraal - Erasmus University - Carnisse - Zuidplein
  • 48 Rotterdam Centraal - Beurs - Blaak - Kop van Zuid - Station Zuid
  • Eurolines

Amenities[edit]

The new travelers passage includes two supermarkets, a HEMA, a Burger King, a restaurant, and two branches of Starbucks. There is also a "Station Living room". [3] The south side features an underground bicycle parking for over 5,000 bicycles. Both the north and the south side have taxi stops. Under the Kruisplein an underground parking garage has been built with a water storage facility on top; This garage is accessible from the south (=west-east) tube of the Weena Tunnel and will be connected to the parking garage under the Schouwburgplein.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]