Njuup

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Njuup
Stylistic origins Serer religion (Ndut rite of passage[1])
Cultural origins Ancient (religious)
Typical instruments Tama, Perngel, Lamb, Qiin (especially in the Woong or Xaat dance[2]), Vocals, Sabar, Drum
Subgenres
Mbalax

The Njuup tradition is a conservative Serer style of music rooted in the Ndut initiation rite (a rite of passage that young Serers must go through once in their lifetime as commanded by Serer religion).[3]

History[edit]

Main article: Ndut initiation rite

The history of Njuup derives from the Ndut classical teachings.[3] Young Serer boys in the Ndut (nest) were required to compose religious songs during their circumcision rite of passage in order to take their minds off the pending circumcision operation, develop their artistic skills and spirituality. These songs are Serer religious in nature.[4] The Njuup tradition is the progenitor of Mbalax and for a long part of its history has remained within the confines of the Ndut. Unlike the Mbalax which is a party music, the Njuup tradition is religious, and it was not until some prominent Senegalese artists such Youssou N'Dour (himself of Serer heritage) began to incorporate it in their early works thereby giving birth to the Mbalax music.[3] All Mbalax artists are strongly influenced by the Njuup tradition. There are also other Senegambian artists who sing the purest form of Njuup in the Serer language, some of these include Rémi Jegaan Dioh,[1][5] the late Serer diva - Yandé Codou Sène, etc.[6]

Influences[edit]

Main articles: Serer religion, Pangool and Mbalax

The Serer religion especially the veneration of certain Serer Pangool influenced the religious songs sang in the Ndut[4] such as the Njuup, which in turn influenced the Mbalax and Senegalese artists who specializes in Mbalax i.e. Mbaye Dieye Faye, Youssou N'Dour, Thione Seck, etc.[1][3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c (French) Ferloo "Rémi Jegaan Dioh : Sur un air culturel et cultuel " (Retrieved : 28 June 2012)
  2. ^ (French) Gravrand, Henry, "La civilisation seereer - Pangool, vol. 2, Les Nouvelles Editions Africaines du Senegal (1990), pp 48-49, ISBN 2723610551
  3. ^ a b c d (English) The Culture trip : "Youssou N'Dour: An Unlikely Politician" (Retrieved : 28 June 2012)
  4. ^ a b (French) Gravrand, Henry Le Ndut dans « L'héritage spirituel sereer : valuer traditionnelle d'hier, d'aujourd'hui et de demain » [in] Éthiopiques n° 31
  5. ^ (French) All Africa "Sénégal: Rémi Diégane Dioh présente samedi son CD dédié à Senghor"
  6. ^ (French) All Africa "Sénégal: Commémoration du dixième anniversaire du décès de Senghor - Les héritiers de Yandé Codou Sène et de Julien Jouga assurent les partitions"

Further reading[edit]