Demographics of Mauritania

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Mauritania, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Population[edit]

Demographics of Mauritania, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

According to the 2010 revison of the World Population Prospects the total population was 3 460 000 in 2010, compared to only 657 000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 39.9%, 57.4% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 2.7% was 65 years or older.[1]

Total population (x 1000) Population aged 0–14 (%) Population aged 15–64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 657 43.8 54.8 1.4
1955 744 43.6 54.7 1.6
1960 854 44.3 53.8 1.8
1965 984 45.2 52.8 2.0
1970 1 134 45.8 52.1 2.2
1975 1 312 45.8 51.9 2.3
1980 1 518 45.6 51.9 2.4
1985 1 748 45.3 52.2 2.5
1990 1 996 44.9 52.5 2.6
1995 2 292 44.0 53.4 2.7
2000 2 643 42.7 54.6 2.7
2005 3 047 41.2 56.1 2.7
2010 3 460 39.9 57.4 2.7

Vital statistics[edit]

Registration of vital events in Mauritania is incomplete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. [1]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR*
1950-1955 34 000 16 000 18 000 48.6 23.4 25.1 6.34 151
1955-1960 40 000 18 000 22 000 50.2 22.2 28.0 6.71 149
1960-1965 45 000 19 000 26 000 49.3 20.7 28.6 6.79 147
1965-1970 51 000 20 000 31 000 47.9 19.1 28.8 6.79 143
1970-1975 57 000 20 000 37 000 46.5 16.3 30.2 6.75 133
1975-1980 63 000 20 000 43 000 44.7 14.2 30.4 6.57 113
1980-1985 70 000 20 000 49 000 42.6 12.4 30.1 6.28 93
1985-1990 77 000 22 000 56 000 41.3 11.6 29.7 6.06 81
1990-1995 86 000 23 000 62 000 40.0 11.0 29.0 5.78 77
1995-2000 94 000 26 000 68 000 38.2 10.6 27.6 5.40 76
2000-2005 104 000 29 000 75 000 36.6 10.3 26.3 5.05 77
2005-2010 113 000 33 000 81 000 34.8 10.1 24.8 4.71 77
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman; IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births)

Fertility and Births[edit]

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):[2]


Year CBR (Total) TFR (Total) CBR (Urban) TFR (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Rural)
2000-2001 32,1 4,7 31,9 4,3 32,1 5,0

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.[3]

Population: 3,381,634 (June 2011 est.)

Median age:

  • total: 19.3 years
  • male: 18.5 years
  • female: 20.2 years (2010 est.)

Population growth rate: 2.349% (2011 est.)

Sex ratio:

  • at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
  • under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
  • 15–64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
  • total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2010 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

  • total population: 60.75 years
  • male: 58.57 years
  • female: 62.99 years (2010 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 9,500 (2003 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths: less than 500 (2003 est.)

Nationality: noun: Mauritanian(s) adjective: Mauritanian

Ethnic groups: mixed Moor/black 40%, Moor 30%, black 30%

Religions: Muslim 100% (almost)

Languages: Arabic (official), French (widely used in media and among educated classes), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof, Serer.[4]

Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write

  • total population: 51.2%
  • male: 59.5%
  • female: 43.4% (2000 census)

References[edit]

External links[edit]