North East MRT Line

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     North East MRT Line
Laluan MRT Timur Laut
东北地铁线
வடக்கு கிழக்கு எம்ஆர்டி வழி
MRT map NE.svg
The North East Line is coloured purple on system maps.
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Mass Rapid Transit (Singapore)
Status Operational
Termini HarbourFront
Punggol
Stations 16
Services 1
Operation
Opening 20 June 2003
15 January 2006 (Buangkok)
20 June 2011 (Woodleigh)
Owner Land Transport Authority
Operator(s) SBS Transit (ComfortDelGro Corporation)
Rolling stock Alstom Metropolis C751A
Technical
Line length 20 km (12 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification Overhead catenary
Route map
 Dhoby Ghaut 
NE1 HarbourFront
NE3 Outram Park
 Pasir Ris – Joo Koon 
NE4 Chinatown
 Expo 
NE5 Clarke Quay
Singapore River
NE6 Dhoby Ghaut
 Marina Bay – Jurong East 
 HarbourFront 
 Bukit Panjang 
NE7 Little India
NE8 Farrer Park
NE9 Boon Keng
NE10 Potong Pasir
NE11 Woodleigh
NE12 Serangoon
 Dhoby Ghaut – HarbourFront 
NE13 Kovan
NE14 Hougang
NE15 Buangkok
Sengkang Depot
West Loop:  Fernvale via Renjong 
East Loop:  Bakau via Ranggung 
NE16 Sengkang
East Loop:  Bakau via Compassvale 
West Loop:  Fernvale via Cheng Lim 
West Loop:  Samudera via Soo Teck 
East Loop  Riviera via Cove 
NE17 Punggol
East Loop:  Riviera via Damai 
West Loop:  Samudera via Sam Kee 

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The North East Line is coloured purple in the MRT system map.
Station names of the North East Line.

The North East MRT Line (NEL) is the third Mass Rapid Transit line in Singapore and the world's second longest fully underground, automated and driverless, rapid transit line after the Circle Line.[1] The line is 20 km long with 16 stations. Travelling from one end of this line to the other end takes 33 minutes.[2] This line is coloured purple in the rail map.

Overview[edit]

Buangkok MRT Station exterior

As the name implies, the line connects central Singapore to the north-eastern part of the island. Transfer to the North South Line is provided at Dhoby Ghaut, to the East West Line at Outram Park and to the Circle Line at Serangoon, Dhoby Ghaut and HarbourFront. The North East Line interchanges with the Downtown Line at Chinatown and will interchange with a future extension of the Downtown Line at Little India. The North East Line will interchange with the future Thomson Line at Outram Park. This line was the first in Singapore to be entirely underground.

The North East Line is the first line in Singapore to have artwork integrated into all its 16 stations under the Art in Transit programme. Other than the Art in Transit programme, the interior architecture for the stations are typical of the design of the early 2000s with lots of white, glass and steel. This kind of design can be seen in other subway stations built during this period like the Shenzhen Metro and Hong Kong MTR's Tseung Kwan O line.

As of 2013, trains operate at two-minute intervals during peak hours, five-minute intervals during mid-day service and six-minute intervals in the early morning and night times.

History[edit]

North East Line dates back to 1986, where the Communications Minister Yeo Ning Hong had announced that it would be "feasible to extend the MRT once it is 3 million". The line would have gone from Punggol and Seletar/Jalan Kayu to Outram Park.

In the initial stages of planning, Outram Park was initially planned to be the southern terminus of the North East Line. However, in 1993, the Land Transport Authority decided to extend the line southwards to HarbourFront, after noting that many people liked to go to the World Trade Centre (the present day HarbourFront Centre).

The Land Transport Authority received approval for the construction of the North East Line on 16 January 1996. French company Alstom was chosen as the main contractor and manager of the project. The operating license was given to new rail operator SBS Transit in order to foster competition with SMRT Trains. Construction had began on 1 January 1997 and was completed on 20 January 2001, but all the stations had been completed with new signages.

The line was scheduled for completion in December 2002, but due to various problems in the automation, the opening was repeatedly delayed. It was finally opened on 20 June 2003, with higher fares than existing lines supposedly to compensate for the heavy construction costs (S$4.6 billion).

At the time that the line was opened, all of the stations were operating except Buangkok and Woodleigh. SBS Transit announced that these would open only when there was a critical mass of passengers in those areas. With respect to Buangkok, which had already been fully built, the company claimed that the projected number of passengers was too low to cover operating costs. Constant public pressure, notably the "White Elephant" incident and subsequent media attention, forced it to review the situation and the station duly opened on 15 January 2006. The last station on the line, Woodleigh, opened on 20 June 2011 in anticipation of an American International School which is under construction in the vicinity of the station that is slated to open in 2012.[3]

The North East Line's numbering scheme reserves station code "NE2" between HarbourFront (NE1) and Outram Park (NE3).

Punggol Downtown Extension (PGDe)[edit]

On 17 January 2013, a 2-kilometre extension which will run from Punggol through Punggol North including the new Punggol Downtown was announced. It is expected to be completed by 2030.[4]

Busiest MRT Station[edit]

Dhoby Ghaut was previously the busiest station on the line. But a week after VivoCity (a shopping mall) opened, HarbourFront's daily ridership doubled to 60,000 passengers a day, becoming the busiest MRT station on the North East Line.

Stations[edit]

Doors of the NEL Train, showing the line map above them before Woodleigh and Buangkok opened.
The interior of a NEL train.
Station Number Station Name Interchange
 NE1  CC29  HarbourFront Change to Circle Line
 NE3  EW16  TE17  Outram Park Change to East West Line
Change to Thomson-East Coast Line
 NE4  DT19  Chinatown Change to Downtown Line
 NE5  Clarke Quay  
 NE6  NS24  CC1  Dhoby Ghaut Change to North South Line and Circle Line
 NE7  DT12  Little India Change to Downtown Line (under construction)
 NE8  Farrer Park  
 NE9  Boon Keng  
 NE10  Potong Pasir  
 NE11  Woodleigh  
 NE12  CC13  Serangoon Change to Circle Line
 NE13  Kovan  
 NE14  Hougang  
 NE15  Buangkok  
 NE16  STC  Sengkang Change to Sengkang LRT
 NE17  PTC  Punggol Change to Punggol LRT

Rolling stock[edit]

The front cabin of a NEL train, showing the emergency exit.

The rolling stock consists of Alstom Metropolis C751A trains, running in six-car formation. These trains operate from Sengkang Depot near Buangkok Station on the North East Line. The Sengkang Depot has maintenance and train overhaul facilities for trains along the North East Line. In 2010, the government announced that they would be looking to increase the number of trains on the North East Line by 70% within 5 to 6 years to cater to an expected increase in passenger traffic. The new trains will be called Alstom Metropolis C751C.[5][6]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Singapore Northeast Line" (PDF). Alstom. 
  2. ^ Travel Time, SBS Transit
  3. ^ "Train finally arrives at Woodleigh MRT station". Channel NewsAsia. 20 June 2011. Retrieved 11 May 2012. 
  4. ^ "TWO NEW RAIL LINES AND THREE NEW EXTENSIONS TO EXPAND RAIL NETWORK BY 2030". Land Transport Authority. January 17, 2013. 
  5. ^ "LTA and SMRT Award Contracts for New Trains and Re-Signalling Project". Land Transport Authority. 1 February 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  6. ^ "Alstom to supply 34 Metropolis trains and signaling upgrade to Singapore metro". 3 February 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2013.