Northampton County, Virginia

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Northampton County, Virginia
Eastville Courthouse.JPG
Northampton County Courthouse Historic District
Seal of Northampton County, Virginia
Seal
Map of Virginia highlighting Northampton County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1634
Seat Eastville
Largest town Exmore
Area
 • Total 795 sq mi (2,059 km2)
 • Land 212 sq mi (549 km2)
 • Water 584 sq mi (1,513 km2), 73.4%
Population
 • (2010) 12,389
 • Density 62/sq mi (24/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.northampton.va.us

Northampton County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,389.[1] Its county seat is Eastville.[2]

Northampton and Accomack Counties comprise the Eastern Shore of Virginia.

The county is the center of the late Eocene meteor strike that resulted in the Chesapeake Bay impact crater.

History[edit]

When English colonists first arrived in the area in the early 1600s, the Virginia Eastern Shore region was governed by Debedeavon (aka "The Laughing King"), paramount chief of the Accawmacke clans who numbered around 2000 at the time. The former name of the county was Accomac Shire, one of the original shires of Virginia. In 1642, the name was changed to Northampton County by the English, to eliminate "heathen" names in the New World. (In England, "shires" and "counties" were the same thing). In 1663, Northampton County was split into two counties that still exist today. The northern two thirds took the original Accomac name, while the southern third remained as Northampton.

Slavery[edit]

Northampton County is notable for a colonial court case involving an indentured servant. The first Free Negro (a term used prior to the abolition of slavery) in North America was Anthony Johnson of Northampton County. Johnson was also the first African-American to own land.[citation needed]

In 1653, Johnson brought suit in Northampton County Court to argue that one of his servants, John Casor, was indentured to him for life. Casor had left him and was working for a neighbor.

The court ruled in Johnson's favor, making Northampton County the first jurisdiction to legally acknowledge that Negros could own slaves.[3] This court ruling decision also gives insight to how owners of indentured servants could easily choose to ignore the expiration of indentured contracts and force their servants into lifetime slavery. Although Casor, an African, had well-known white planters taking his part, he was reduced to lifetime slavery. Some planters sought more profitable methods of labor by taking advantage of Negro indentured servants, who had little recourse in the legal and social system to protect their rights.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 795 square miles (2,060 km2), of which 212 square miles (550 km2) is land and 584 square miles (1,510 km2) (73.4%) is water.[5]

Adjacent County and Independent City[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 6,889
1800 6,763 −1.8%
1810 7,474 10.5%
1820 7,705 3.1%
1830 8,641 12.1%
1840 7,715 −10.7%
1850 7,498 −2.8%
1860 7,832 4.5%
1870 8,046 2.7%
1880 9,152 13.7%
1890 10,313 12.7%
1900 13,770 33.5%
1910 16,672 21.1%
1920 17,852 7.1%
1930 18,565 4.0%
1940 17,597 −5.2%
1950 17,300 −1.7%
1960 16,966 −1.9%
1970 14,442 −14.9%
1980 14,625 1.3%
1990 13,061 −10.7%
2000 13,093 0.2%
2010 12,389 −5.4%
Est. 2012 12,226 −1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2012[1]

As of the census[10] of 2010, there were 12,389 people, 5,321 households, and 3,543 families residing in the county. The population density was 63 people per square mile (24/km²). There were 6,547 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 57.9% White, 36.5% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.2% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. 7.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The largest ancestry groups in Northampton County include: African American (36%), English American (15%), German (7%), Irish (6%) and Italian (3%)

There were 5,321 households out of which 25.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.30% were married couples living together, 17.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.40% were non-families. 29.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.30% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 23.60% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 21.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 87.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,276, and the median income for a family was $35,034. Males had a median income of $26,842 versus $21,839 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,591. About 15.80% of families and 20.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.20% of those under age 18 and 16.50% of those age 65 or over.

Northampton County is home to the United States' oldest continuous court records.

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Education[edit]

Northampton County Public Schools operates public schools in the county.

Communities[edit]

Cape Charles, VA

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 4, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Klein, Herbert S. (1967). Slavery In The Americas: A Comparative Study of Cuba and Virginia. University of Chicago Press. 
  4. ^ Foner, Philip S. (1980). "History of Black Americans: From Africa to the Emergence of the Cotton Kingdom". Oxford University Press. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 4, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 4, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 4, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 4, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ http://history.state.gov/departmenthistory/people/upshur-abel-parker

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°18′N 75°56′W / 37.30°N 75.93°W / 37.30; -75.93