Appomattox County, Virginia

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Appomattox County, Virginia
New Appomattox Court House.jpg
The Appomatox County Courthouse in October 2007
Flag of Appomattox County, Virginia
Flag
Map of Virginia highlighting Appomattox County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1845
Named for Appomattox River
Seat Appomattox
Largest town Appomattox
Area
 • Total 335 sq mi (868 km2)
 • Land 333 sq mi (862 km2)
 • Water 1.2 sq mi (3 km2), 0.4%
Population
 • (2010) 14,973
 • Density 41/sq mi (16/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.appomattoxcountyva.gov

Appomattox County is a United States county located in the Piedmont region and near the center of the Commonwealth of Virginia. The county is part of the Lynchburg, VA Metropolitan Statistical Area, and its county seat is the town of Appomattox.[1]

Appomattox County was created in 1845 from sections of four other Virginia counties. The name of the county comes from the Appomattox River, which rises in the county, while the river was named for the Appamatuck Indians. The county is historically associated with the surrender of Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Court House, which effectively ended the American Civil War.

As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,973. This was an increase of more than 9 percent from the 13,705 reported in the 2000 census.[2]

History[edit]

Appomattox County is located in the rolling hills of the piedmont region of Virginia.

Appomattox County was formed in 1845 from Buckingham, Prince Edward, Campbell and Charlotte counties. In 1848, another part from Campbell County was added. It was named for the Appomattox River, which in turn was named for the Appamatuck, a historic Native American tribes in Virginia of the Algonquian-speaking Powhatan Confederacy.[3]

Appomattox came to national attention on April 9, 1865, when Confederate General Robert E. Lee met with Union General Ulysses S. Grant at the village of Appomattox Court House to accept Lee's surrender. The surrender of Lee, which effectively ended the American Civil War, took place at the McLean House, home of Wilmer McLean.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 335 square miles (870 km2), of which 333 square miles (860 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.4%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 9,193
1860 8,889 −3.3%
1870 8,950 0.7%
1880 10,080 12.6%
1890 9,589 −4.9%
1900 9,662 0.8%
1910 8,904 −7.8%
1920 9,255 3.9%
1930 8,402 −9.2%
1940 9,020 7.4%
1950 8,764 −2.8%
1960 9,148 4.4%
1970 9,784 7.0%
1980 11,971 22.4%
1990 12,298 2.7%
2000 13,705 11.4%
2010 14,973 9.3%
Est. 2012 15,128 1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2012[2]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there are 13,705 people, 5,322 households, and 4,012 families residing in the county. The population density is 41 people per square mile (16/km²). There are 5,828 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county is 75.94% White, 22.91% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. 0.47% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 5,322 households out of which 32.20% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.70% are married couples living together, 11.50% have a female householder with no husband present, and 24.60% are non-families. 21.30% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.00% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.55 and the average family size is 2.94.

In the county, the population is spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 25.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 39 years. For every 100 females there are 94.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 91.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $36,507, and the median income for a family is $41,563. Males have a median income of $31,428 versus $21,367 for females. The per capita income for the county is $18,086. 11.40% of the population and 8.70% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 14.10% of those under the age of 18 and 21.50% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Government[edit]

Board of Supervisors[edit]

Appomattox River district: William H. Craft (I)

Courthouse district: Samuel E. Carter (I)

Falling River district: Ronald C. Spiggle, Vice-Chairman (I)

Piney Mountain district: Jerry N. Small (I)

Wreck Island district: Gary W. Tanner, Chairman (I)

Constitutional Officers[edit]

Clerk of the Circuit Court: Janet A. Robertson (I)

Commissioner of the Revenue: Sara R. Henderson (I)

Commonwealth's Attorney: Darrel W. Puckett (I)

Sheriff: Barry E. Letterman (I)

Treasurer: Alice Gillette (I)

Appomattox County is represented by Republican Tom A. Garrett, Jr. in the Virginia Senate, Republican C. Matt Farris in the Virginia House of Delegates, and Republican Robert Hurt in the U.S. House of Representatives.

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 31, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "History of Appomattox County". Appomattox County, Virginia. 19 March 2012. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 31, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 31, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 31, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 31, 2013. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°21′32″N 78°49′35″W / 37.358973°N 78.826438°W / 37.358973; -78.826438