Norway–United States relations
The American Revolution of 1776 had a profound impact on Norway, and the democratic ideals of the U.S. Constitution served as a model for the authors of Norway's own Constitution of 1814. The close relationship between the two nations was reinforced by massive Norwegian emigration to the U.S. during the period 1825–1940, when more than 850,000 Norwegians made new homes in the United States and helped build the nation. During the post-war era, both the Marshall aid and the strong common commitment to NATO have contributed to the powerful bond between the two countries. The friendly state of the bilateral relationship was reinforced when King Harald V of Norway hosted the visit of U.S. President Bill Clinton in November 1999, the first visit to Norway by a U.S. President in Office.
The excellent relations between Norway and the United States, and the Mission in Oslo can focus its efforts on projects that serve mutual interests. Among them are expanding on the success of NATO in securing transatlantic security, promoting new business opportunities between the two nations, working with Russia to preserve the Arctic environment and the Barents Sea, helping the Baltic nations to find their place in the new Europe, and capitalizing on information technology to promote human rights and a sense of world community.
Principal U.S. officials:
- Ambassador – Barry B. White
- Deputy Chief of Mission – Kevin M. Johnson
- Counselor for Political-Economic Affairs – Kristen F. Bauer
- Counselor for Public Affairs – Hillary Olsin Windecker
- Management Officer – Nathan Bluhm
- Chief, Consular Section – Rodger Deuerlein
- Defense Attaché – Capt. Russell H. Smith, USN
- Chief, Office of Defense Cooperation – Col. Robert Simm, USAF
- Labor Attaché – Edward T. Canuel
- Regional Security Officer – Eric Carlson
The U.S. maintains an embassy in Oslo. Norway maintains an embassy in Washington DC, United States, and four consulates in New York City, Houston (Norwegian Consulate General, Houston), San Francisco and Minneapolis.
The United States embassy in Oslo
- A little more than 2% of whites in the United States are of Norwegian descent. In the Upper Midwest, especially Minnesota, western Wisconsin, northern Iowa, and the Dakotas, more than 15% of whites are of Norwegian descent. Nearly one-third of all North Dakotans claim Norwegian as their ancestry.
- 55% of Norwegian Americans live in the Midwest, although a large number (21%) live in the Pacific States of Washington, Oregon, and California.
- Norwegian Americans actively celebrate and maintain their heritage in many ways. Much of it centers on the Lutheran-Evangelical churches they were born into, but also culinary customs (e.g., lutefisk and lefse), costumes (bunad), and Norwegian holidays (Syttende Mai, May 17) are popular. A number of towns in the United States, particularly in the Upper Midwest, display very strong Norwegian influences.
- Although the Norwegians were the most numerous of all the Scandinavian immigrant groups, other Scandinavians also emigrated to America during the same time period. Today, there are 11–12 million Americans of Scandinavian ancestry. Scandinavian descendants represent about 6% of the white population in the United States as a whole, and more than 25% of the white population of the Upper Midwest.
- Norwegian Americans tend to be Lutheran, although substantial minorities are Roman Catholic or belong to other Protestant denominations. See The Norwegian Lutheran Church in the United States.
- There are more people of Norwegian ancestry in America than in Norway. Historically high birth rates over the past hundred years among Norwegian-Americans resulted in their roughly quadrupling in population over the original ~850,000 immigrants.
|Area||385,252 km2 (148,746 sq mi)||9,629,091 km2 (3,717,813 sq mi)|
|Population density||12.5/km22 (31/sq mi)||31/km2 (80/sq mi)|
|Largest city||Oslo – 580,229 (1,422,442 metro)||New York City – 8,363,710 (19,006,798 metro)|
|Government||Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy||Federal presidential constitutional republic|
|First leader||Harald Fairhair||George Washington|
|Current leader||Harald V||Barack Obama|
|Official languages||Norwegian||English (de facto)|
|Main religions||85% Protestant, 10% other, 2% Islam, 1% Pentecostalism, 1% Roman Catholic||75% Christianity, 20% non-Religious, 2% Judaism, 1% Buddhism, 1% Islam|
|Ethnic groups||89.4% Norwegian and Sami, 10.6% other||74% White American, 14.8% Hispanic and Latino Americans (of any race), 13.4% African American,
6.5% Some other race, 4.4% Asian American, 2.0% Two or more races,
0.68% American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.14% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
|GDP (nominal)||2008 IMF estimates: US$451.830 billion ($94,386 per capita)||2008 IMF estimates: US$14.441 trillion ($47,440 per capita)|
- Cole, Wayne S. (1989) Norway and the United States, 1905–1955: Two democracies in peace and war. Ames: Iowa State University Press. ISBN 0813803217.
Media related to Norway – United States relations at Wikimedia Commons