|Nur Misuari in 2009|
|President of the Bangsamoro Republik (Unrecognized)|
August 12, 2013 – September 28, 2013
|3rd Governor of Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao|
|President||Fidel Ramos (1992-1998)
Joseph Estrada (1998-2001)
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (2001-2010)
|Preceded by||Lininding Pangandaman|
|Succeeded by||Alvarez Isnaji|
March 3, 1939 |
Jolo, Sulu, Philippines
Fatima Celia Kiram
|Alma mater||University of the Philippines|
Nur Misuari (Bahasa Sūg: Nūr Miswāri, born Nurallaj Misuari on March 3, 1939 in Jolo, Sulu, Philippines) is a Moro revolutionary, politician, founder and former leader of the Moro National Liberation Front.
Early Life and Education
Nur Misuari was born in Jolo, Sulu on March 3, 1939. The fourth of ten children, his parents were Tausug Sama coming from Kabinga-an, Tapul Island and worked as fishers. Misuari's family experienced financial difficulties and could not send him to college. His teacher assisted him in acquiring a scholarship from the Commission on National Integration.
Misuari went to the University of the Philippines Manila as a scholar in 1958 and took a degree in political science. He became active in many of the university's extra-curricular activities particularly in debate. After graduating from the University of the Philippines, he entered law school but dropped his law studies in his second year. He finished a Master's degree on Asian studies in 1966.
Through Dr. Cesar Adib Majul, Misuari became a lecturer at the University of the Philippines in political science. In the 1960s, he established the Mindanao Independence Movement which aimed to organize an independent state in southern Philippines. The Mindanao Independence Movement formed the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) that sought political reforms from the Government of the Philippines. Unable to gain reforms, the MNLF engaged in military conflict against the Philippine Government and its supporters between 1972 to 1976 under the leadership of Misuari. The military resistance to the government of former Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos did not produce autonomy for the Moro people. He departed to Saudi Arabia in exile, returning to the Philippines after Marcos was removed from office during the People Power Revolution in 1986.
Misuari justified the MNLF armed struggle on the non-implementation of the Tripoli Agreement, originally signed by Ferdinand Marcos and later included and accepted in the peace agreement signed by former Philippine president Fidel Ramos in the 1990s. This agreement established an autonomous region for Moros with Misuari as governor. He was removed from his office when Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo became president in 2001 and was arrested in 2007 on charges of terrorism. On December 20, 2007 he was denied a petition for bail and remained under house arrest in Manila. The Philippine court however, granted the bail petition of Misuari's seven co-accused, at 100,000 pesos. On April 25, 2008, he was allowed to post bail, upon the instructions of the Cabinet security cluster. On September 9, 2013, Nur Misuari was underleaded and pledged his army for attacking Filipino and foreign civilians, wherein, the MNLF walked down to the city of Zamboanga and planned to ambush and kill the civilians, according to one of the MNLF members, who is legibly surrendered and arrested ( September 10, 2013 ), and planned to stop the crisis war, for him and to the Philippine government, also President Benigno Aquino III. But otherwise fails to have ceasefire, due to continuously attacking the rebels, until it was stopped in September 28, 2013. The Philippine agency were aware that he was the chairman of MNLF and should be arrested, but did not take him into custody. He would apologize for the de facto war crisis that he didn't solve.
The Autobiography of Nur. P. Misuari
- University of the Philippines, U.P. Biographical Directory, Supplement 1, University of the Philippines, Quezon City (1970)
- sfgranada (January, 2011). "Nur Misuari – Founding Leader and Chairman of the Central Committee of the Moro National Liberation Front (Mnlf)". StudyMode.com Retrieved 01 October 2014.
- Abs-Cbn Interactive, Judge denies Misuari's bail petition
- Inquirer.net, Misuari allowed to post bail--DoJ
- GMA News Official Story of Zamboanga War Crisis, English.